2Properties of Matter (To study matter click here) Chemical PropertiesPhysical propertiesObserved without changing the substance into something else.DensityMelting pointBoiling pointMassVolumeColorDissolvingObserved when a substance interacts with another substanceFlammability (Burning)Reactivity (with other elements)Explosive*Click on the underlined links above to view more chemical and physical properties*
3The modern periodic table uses chemical and physical properties to group the elements. Scientists use it as a tool to learn the properties of familiar elements and to learn to predict the properties of other elements.
4Each square on the modern periodic table contains information about one element. Usually this includes the element’s atomic mass, atomic number, name and symbol.
5The periodic table is arranged by atomic number going from left to right and from top to bottom.
6Groups/ Families Are vertical columns on the table All elements in a group/ familiy have similar propertiesJust like all people in a family have similar features
7Groups/ FamiliesGroups are numbered from left to right and usually take the name of the first element at the top of each column. For example, group 14 is the carbon family and group 15 is the nitrogen family.
8PeriodsThere are 7 horizontal rows across the table called periods. Each period has different numbers of elements. Period 1 has only 2 elements, hydrogen (H) and Helium (He).
9…PeriodsPeriods 6 and 7 have 32 elements each. Some of the elements have been placed under the table and shown separately just so that they will fit on the page. The two rows in dark pink are the Lanthanide and Actinide series and they appear at the bottom of the period table.
16Nonmetals are the opposite of metals. Nonmetals are. dull,. crumbly, Nonmetals are the opposite of metals. Nonmetals are *dull, *crumbly, *not hard, *not conductive of heat or electricity, and are *not attracted by magnets. The nonmetals are found on the upper right hand area of the periodic table.
18Metalloids have properties of both metals and nonmetals Metalloids have properties of both metals and nonmetals. Metalloids have *varying abilities of conducting electricity and this makes them useful as semiconductors used in computers, lasers and transistors.
19Metalloids are found on the table between the metals and nonmetals and form a zigzag line separating them.
20Metalloids Located along the zig-zag line. Aluminum is widely debated as a metalloid by scientists.
23Patterns/ Trends on the Periodic Table (more trends click here) Many physical and chemical properties can be predicted by an element’s placement on the periodic table. This is one of the reasons that the table is so useful.
24Physical Trends DENSITY is one physical property that usually increases as you move down the group. The MELTING POINTS of metals decrease as you move down the table.
25Mercury is about the same density as gold so it is useful in separating gold from rocks. Unfortunately, it is very toxic and has harmed many environments.
26Chemical properties also form patterns on the table Chemical properties also form patterns on the table. Metals on the left hand side of the table react readily with other substances. They become less reactive as you move to the right. Calcium is in group 2 and reacts readily with water.
28Gold is in group 11 and does not react with water at all Gold is in group 11 and does not react with water at all. (It doesn’t even rust!) The nonmetals in groups become more reactive from left to right.
29ALL MY INDEPENDENT ELEMENTS THROW YO HAND UP AT ME!!! Elements in group 18 are different and almost never react with other elements. These are known as the NOBLE GASES or INERT GASES.