Presentation on theme: "Mr. McMartin Beta Pod Science"— Presentation transcript:
1Mr. McMartin Beta Pod Science The Periodic TableMr. McMartinBeta Pod Science
2Arranging the Elements Dmitri Mendeleev, a Russian chemist, discovered a pattern to the elements in1.) he wrote the names and properties of the elements on cards.2.) then, he arranged his cards by different properties such as:DensityAppearanceMelting Point3.) after much thought, he arranged the elements in order of increasing atomic mass…and a pattern appeared.
3Periodic Properties of Elements Mendeleev saw that when the elements were arranged in order of increasing atomic mass, those that had similar properties occurred in a repeating pattern or “Periodic.”Periodic: happening at regular intervals.Mendeleev found that the elements’ properties followed a pattern that repeated every seven elements.Mendeleev’s table became known as the Periodic Table of the Elements.Define Periodic.How often do the elements’ properties repeat?What did Dmitri Mendeleev’s table become known as?
4Changing the Arrangement In 1914, Henry Mosely, a British scientist determined the number of protons-the atomic number- in an atom.When Mendeleev’s table was arranged according to these new numbers, all of his patterns fit. These are now considered “Periodic Law.”Periodic Law: states that the repeating chemical and physical properties of elements change periodically with the elements’ atomic numbers.Who developed the “atomic number?”Define Periodic Law.
5How the Periodic Table is Categorized The periodic table is categorized into three distinct classes based off their properties:MetalsNonmetalsMetalloidsThe periodic table is split into what three classes?
6Metals Found to the left of the zigzag line on the periodic table. They have few electrons in their outer layer of their atoms.Metals are : shiny, ductile, malleable, good conductors of thermal energy.Where are the metals located in the periodic table of elements?
7NonmetalsNonmetals are found to the right of the zigzag line on the periodic table.Atoms of nonmetals have an almost complete set of electrons in their outer level.More than half of the nonmetals are gases at room temperature.Many properties of nonmetals are opposite those of metalsWhere are the nonmetals located on the periodic table?
8MetalloidsMetalloids, also called “semiconductors,” are the elements that border the zigzag line on the periodic table.Atoms of metalloids have about half of a complete set of electrons in their outer energy level.Metalloids have some properties of metals and some properties of nonmetals.= GermaniumWhere are metalloids found on the periodic table?
9Decoding the Periodic Table Each element is identified by a chemical symbol.This is the name of the elementThey are named after places, people, and some vary from nation to nation… but their symbols don’t change.The chemical symbol has one or two letters.The first letter is always capitalizedAny other letter is always lowercaseThe newest elements have temporary three letter symbols.What is a chemical symbol?The first letter of a chemical symbol is always: a.) lowercase b.) capitalized c.) a full name of the element d.) all of the aboveIf a chemical name has three letters what does that mean?
10Rows Are Called “Periods” Each horizontal row of elements (from left to right) on the periodic table is called a period.The physical and chemical properties of elements in a row follow a repeating, or periodic, pattern as you move across the period.Properties such as conductivity and reactivity change gradually from left to right in each period.What is the scientific name for each row of elements?
11Columns are Called Groups Each vertical column of elements (from top to bottom) on the periodic table is called a “Group.”Elements in the same group often have similar chemical and physical properties. For this reason, a group is also called a “Family.”What are the vertical columns called in the periodic table of elements?