Build the evidence on why we need scaled-up Stigma reduction! Evaluate anti-stigma interventions Contribute to the knowledge base of identifying effective interventions Determine whether new trends in services and availability of treatment reduce stigma Develop country operational plans focused on stigma reduction Measure the impact of S&D on specific health outcomes S&D/Update of testing * S&D/Update of PMTCT * S&D/Adherence to Rx S&D/Timely entry into care * S&D/Disclosure to partner * S&D/key populations Source: Nyblade & MacQuarrie (2006 )
What can Health Systems aspire to? Provide incentives for “stigma-free” health facilities Monitor “stigma free” health facilities Urge “do no harm” anti S&D approach in certifying health professionals Invest in S&D curriculum and training for nursing and medical schools Develop redress systems for clients and integrate into services Health practitioners as advocates – Speak Up in your country – you will inform the next generation of public health policies and practices !
Global Commission on HIV and the Law – calls for reform of country-level laws, policies, guidelines, systems. How will countries respond/invest/act? “Good laws, fully resourced and rigorously enforced, can widen access to prevention and health care services, improve the quality of treatment, enhance social support for people affected by the epidemic, protect human rights that are vital to survival and save the public money.” Expand investments in social participation, in public health policy, in legal reform and policy evaluation. Support multi-disciplinary research and evaluation on S&D. Invest in Country-level policy reform 5
Join the Stigma Action Network ‘Working for a World Free of HIV-related Stigma’ www.stigmaactionnetwork.org