Presentation on theme: "Cassava processing and marketing FIRST REGIONAL MEETING OF IFAD ROOTS & TUBERS PROJECTS 14-16 November 2007 Hotel Somatel - Douala, Cameroon AGRO-PROCESSING."— Presentation transcript:
Cassava processing and marketing FIRST REGIONAL MEETING OF IFAD ROOTS & TUBERS PROJECTS November 2007 Hotel Somatel - Douala, Cameroon AGRO-PROCESSING PERSPECTIVE OF THE NIGERIA ROOT AND TUBER EXPANSION PROGRAMME (RTEP) NATIONAL CENTRE FOR AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION, ILORIN FEDERAL AGRO PROCESSING AND MARKET EXPANSION GROUP (FAMEG) Regional Cassava Processing and Marketing Initiative BY
Cassava processing and marketing Introduction The Root and Tuber Expansion Programme (RTEP) was designed to address the major pit-falls of the Cassava Multiplication Programme (CMP): Post-harvest losses Inappropriate processing technologies Lack of product utilization Marketing opportunities
Cassava processing and marketing Introduction The major objective of Processing component was to widen market options by : –Developing new derivatives for consumption and industrial uses; –Upgrading traditional products.
Cassava processing and marketing FAMEG/SAMEG – RTEP implementing partners Major implementing RTEP partners in the area of processing: Federal Agro-Processing and Market Expansion Group (FAMEG) State Agro-Processing and Market Expansion Groups (SAMEGs) –Day to day leadership in activities implemented at the state level –Assistance to processing groups: to link-up with industrial end users; to promote marketing activities.
Cassava processing and marketing 1st TRI-TERM (ENDED 2003): PROJECT ACTIVITIES & ACHIEVEMENTS Inventory of: processors, marketers, fabricators, end-users, private and public sector financial institutions; Training of processing groups, processors and WIA on: –Improved technologies and processes; –Product diversification and utilization; –Group dynamics; Capacity-building of equipment makers through: –Training in construction of relevant prototype machines; –Equipment demonstrations.
Cassava processing and marketing 1 st TRI-TERM (ENDED 2003): PROJECT ACTIVITIES & ACHIEVEMENTS Training of SAMEGs/ groups on: –feasibility report preparation; –group dynamics. Chain integration: Development of links between: –Processors and equipment makers; –Processors and end-users. Results: Significant increase in processing activities at states level; Significant increase in the income of RTEP beneficiaries.
Cassava processing and marketing 1st TRI-TERM (ENDED 2003): CONSTRAINTS Processing and marketing were the weakest elements in project’s implementation; Access to Processing equipment: Poor quality and high cost of available equipments; Poor access to credit for purchasing equipments; Demonstrations not focused on economic profitability. Processing activities: high costs for energy and labour lead to uncompetitive cost and quality of final products and low financial returns; Lack of industrial end users SAMEG’s strategy difficult to understand; Disposal of wastages and effluents still a major problem.
Cassava processing and marketing Lessons learnt from the 1 st Tri-term The major lesson learnt: Upstream sector was not sufficiently developed, which led to serious gluts, income losses and disincentive to sustained production. Consequences on the 2. Tri-term: A paradigm shift from upstream to downstream activities: –Increased funds allocation on processing and marketing; –More emphasis on private sector and agribusiness. Increase in linkages: processors and marketers with industrial end users, financial institutions, equipment makers, etc. Increased institutional linkages with other projects: –Rural Micro Finance Project, CBNRMP, USAID-funded PRISMS, SPFS, NFDP II etc.
Cassava processing and marketing 2 nd Tri-Term: Priority Areas of Work for RTEP Organization of groups of growers, processors, marketers, service providers, equipment makers and end-users to facilitate linkages and access to finance/capital, technology, extension and inputs. Organization of clusters of commercial processing groups and establishment of linkages to flash-drying enterprises. Higher focus on equipment: –Development and/or importation of prototypes of peeling, washing, drying machines, etc; –Identification of technologies and processes for yam, cocoyam and potato. Increased attention on quality management systems.
Cassava processing and marketing 2 ND TRI-TERM OBJECTIVES Increase of production and productivity to bridge the competitiveness gaps Promotion of further product diversification Change from state to community-based approach; Adoption of group dynamics as the focus of extension activities; Incorporation of rural enterprise management (REM) into all production and processing activities.
Cassava processing and marketing Processing and marketing enterprises Guiding principles Enterprise establishment will be community-based and demand driven Enterprises owned by groups Selection criteria: track record of achieved results The group will: Play active role in enterprise development. Take direct control of the day-to-day running of their business. Receive technical and managerial assistance Promotion of product diversification: gari, chips, HQCF and odorless fufu combinations) Limit the processing capacity per enterprise to 0.5 tonnes per day
Cassava processing and marketing 2 ND TRI-TERM Activities Implemented & Results Training workshops on: –Rural Enterprise Management (REM) and Community Driven Development (CDD); –Cassava quality standards; –Market linkage and technology development (for National stakeholders). Fabricators exhibitions of cassava processing equipment. Thematic studies of the SAMEGs Equipments: –Cassava peeling machine: efficiency 85% to 95%, loss below 10%, capacity of 800kg/hr, developed by NCAM- assisted fabricator. –Drying system: bridges the output between the small capacity inefficient dryers and the high capacity flash dryers, developed by NCAM.
Cassava processing and marketing Challenges Groups –Financial constraints of groups unlikely to provide their 20% share to the project’s funding; –Skepticism towards group ownership: preference for individual ownership of processing facilities. The market of High Quality Cassava Flour (HQCF): The flour millers are not interested to buy cassava flour and thus ignore the National Policy on integrating cassava flour into bread flour.
Cassava processing and marketing Expected Outputs from the 2 nd Tri-Term Implementation Establishment of 575 processing centres. Production of 86,250 metric tons of high quality roots and tubers derivates requiring 345,000 metric tons of fresh roots and tubers annually. Empowerment of 17,250 processing families Empowerment of 3,450 marketing families Empowerment of 28,750 farming families Training of: –17,250 group beneficiaries –6,000 farmers –5,000 youths –390 artisans –104 equipment makers –130 SAMEG members