Presentation on theme: "World History II SOL 5. SOL 5 Review Questions 1. Where was the Ottoman Empire located, and where did it expand? 2. What were the contributions of the."— Presentation transcript:
World History II SOL 5
SOL 5 Review Questions 1. Where was the Ottoman Empire located, and where did it expand? 2. What were the contributions of the Mughal emperors of India? 3. How did the Mughal Empire trade with European nations? 4. What did southern India trade? 5. What present-day countries did the Ottoman Empire encompass at its height? 6. What present-day countries did the Mughal Empire encompass at its height? 7. Why did the Ottomans and Mughals interact with European Countries? 8. How did China attempt to limit foreign influence? 9. Describe the Japanese policy toward foreign trade. 10. In what way was Africa involved in Global Trade in the 16 th century ( )?
The Ottoman Empire Islamic Empire
Ottoman Empire – Asia Minor
Expansion of the Ottoman Expansion The Ottoman Empire grew to Northern Africa, Southwest Asia, Southeast Europe, and the Balkan Peninsula.
Development of Ottoman Empire City of Constantinople captured and renamed Istanbul Islamic religion as a unifying force that accepted other religions Brought much of Muslim territory under Ottoman rule Brought much of Muslim territory under Ottoman rule
Ottoman Trading Coffee Ceramics
Ottomans The Ottomans became a political and economic power following the conquest of Constantinople. Ottomans were centrally located in present-day Turkey.
Mughal Empire Islamic Empire
Location – Northern India
Contributions of Mughal Rulers Spread of Islam into India Most of India was Hindu Most of India was Hindu Establishment of European trading posts Influence of Indian textiles on British textile industry
Mughal Art The Taj Mahal was built by Mughal ruler Shah Jahan as a memorial to his dead wife.
Trade Portugal, England, and the Netherlands competed for the Indian Ocean trade by establishing coastal ports on the Indian sub-continent.
Southern India Most of Southern India remained independent – not under Mughal control. Southern India traded spices, silks, and gems
China and Japan
China and Japan sought to limit the influence and activities of European merchants. How did they do this and Why?
China Creation of foreign enclaves (areas) to control trade. Imperial policy of controlling foreign influence and trade Increase in European demand for Chinese goods (porcelain and tea)
Japan Powerless emperor controlled by a military leader “shogun” Adopted a policy of isolation to limit foreign influence
China and Japan
Africa Involvement in Global Trade
Important Terms Import – products brought into a country from another country Export Mercantilism
Africa African exports Slaves (triangular trade) Raw materials (ivory, gold) African Imports Manufactured goods from Europe, Asia and the Americas New food products
Growth of European Nations
Commercial Revolution European maritime nations competed for overseas markets, colonies, and resources.
New Economic System A new economic system emerged: – New money and banking systems were created. – Economic practices such as mercantilism evolved. – Colonial economies were limited by the economic needs of the mother country.
European Nations Mercantilism: An economic practice adopted by European colonial powers in an effort to become self sufficient; based on the theory that colonies existed for the benefit of the mother country