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World History II SOL 5. SOL 5 Review Questions 1. Where was the Ottoman Empire located, and where did it expand? 2. What were the contributions of the.

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Presentation on theme: "World History II SOL 5. SOL 5 Review Questions 1. Where was the Ottoman Empire located, and where did it expand? 2. What were the contributions of the."— Presentation transcript:

1 World History II SOL 5

2 SOL 5 Review Questions 1. Where was the Ottoman Empire located, and where did it expand? 2. What were the contributions of the Mughal emperors of India? 3. How did the Mughal Empire trade with European nations? 4. What did southern India trade? 5. What present-day countries did the Ottoman Empire encompass at its height? 6. What present-day countries did the Mughal Empire encompass at its height? 7. Why did the Ottomans and Mughals interact with European Countries? 8. How did China attempt to limit foreign influence? 9. Describe the Japanese policy toward foreign trade. 10. In what way was Africa involved in Global Trade in the 16 th century ( )?

3 The Ottoman Empire Islamic Empire

4 Ottoman Empire – Asia Minor

5 Expansion of the Ottoman Expansion The Ottoman Empire grew to Northern Africa, Southwest Asia, Southeast Europe, and the Balkan Peninsula.

6 Development of Ottoman Empire  City of Constantinople captured and renamed Istanbul  Islamic religion as a unifying force that accepted other religions Brought much of Muslim territory under Ottoman rule Brought much of Muslim territory under Ottoman rule

7 Ottoman Trading  Coffee  Ceramics

8 Ottomans  The Ottomans became a political and economic power following the conquest of Constantinople.  Ottomans were centrally located in present-day Turkey.

9 Mughal Empire Islamic Empire

10 Location – Northern India

11 Contributions of Mughal Rulers  Spread of Islam into India Most of India was Hindu Most of India was Hindu  Establishment of European trading posts  Influence of Indian textiles on British textile industry

12 Mughal Art The Taj Mahal was built by Mughal ruler Shah Jahan as a memorial to his dead wife.

13 Trade  Portugal, England, and the Netherlands competed for the Indian Ocean trade by establishing coastal ports on the Indian sub-continent.

14 Southern India  Most of Southern India remained independent – not under Mughal control.  Southern India traded spices, silks, and gems

15 China and Japan

16   China and Japan sought to limit the influence and activities of European merchants.   How did they do this and Why?

17 China   Creation of foreign enclaves (areas) to control trade.   Imperial policy of controlling foreign influence and trade   Increase in European demand for Chinese goods (porcelain and tea)

18 Japan   Powerless emperor controlled by a military leader “shogun”   Adopted a policy of isolation to limit foreign influence

19 China and Japan

20 Africa Involvement in Global Trade

21 Important Terms   Import – products brought into a country from another country   Export   Mercantilism

22 Africa African exports   Slaves (triangular trade)   Raw materials (ivory, gold) African Imports   Manufactured goods from Europe, Asia and the Americas   New food products

23 Growth of European Nations

24 Commercial Revolution  European maritime nations competed for overseas markets, colonies, and resources.

25 New Economic System A new economic system emerged: – New money and banking systems were created. – Economic practices such as mercantilism evolved. – Colonial economies were limited by the economic needs of the mother country.

26 European Nations  Mercantilism: An economic practice adopted by European colonial powers in an effort to become self sufficient; based on the theory that colonies existed for the benefit of the mother country


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