2 Standard WHII.5 You will be able to describe… and locate the Ottoman EmpireIndia, coastal trade, and the Mughal EmpireEast Asia, including China & Japanese ShogunateAfrica and its global trade involvementthe growth of European nations, Commercial Revolution and mercantilism
3 I. Ottoman EmpireThe Ottoman Empire emerged as a political and economic power following the conquest of Constantinople (the capital of the Christian Byzantine Empire).
4 I. Ottoman EmpireThe Ottomans also brought much of the Muslim territory in Southwest Asia and North Africa under their rule.
5 I. Ottoman EmpireThe Ottoman Empire also spread into the Balkan Peninsula and Eastern Europe, and brought the Islamic religion with them.This planted the seeds for many modern conflicts between Christians and Muslims.
6 I. Ottoman Empire Original Location of the Ottoman Empire Asia Minor Modern-day Turkey
7 I. Ottoman Empire Expansion & extent of Ottoman Empire Southwest Asia Southeastern EuropeBalkan PeninsulaNorth Africa
8 I. Ottoman Empire Development of the Ottoman Empire Capital at Constantinople → renamed IstanbulIslamic religion as unifying force that accepted other religionsTrade in coffee & ceramics
9 II. The Mughal Empire 1526Descendants of the Mongols, the Muslim Mughal (Mogul) rulers established an empire in northern India. (Babar) 1526Akbar the Great, Jahangir and Nur JahanShah Jahan ( wife Mumtaz Jahal)The Mughal empire traded with European nations.
10 II. The Mughal EmpireAlthough India was originally Hindu, the Mughal invasion introduced Islam to the region.The Taj Mahal is an example of how Islam impacted India’s architecture.
11 II. The Mughal EmpireLocation of the Mughal EmpireNorth India
12 II. The Mughal Empire Contributions of the Mughal rulers Spread of Islam into IndiaArt & architecture – Taj MahalArrival of European trading outpostsSouthern India (independent) traded silks, spices, and gems.
13 II. The Mughal Empire Trade with European nations Portugal, England and the Netherlands competed for Indian Ocean trade by establishing coastal ports on the Indian sub-continent.
14 III. China & JapanChina & Japan sought to limit the influence and activities of European merchants.Found European goods to be inferiorForced European to trade in gold or silver onlyChina & Japan remained relatively isolated from the rest of the world for the next 400 years.
15 III. China & JapanChinaCreation of foreign enclaves to control trade (Canton)Imperial policy of controlling foreign influences & tradeIncrease in European demand for Chinese goods
16 III. China & JapanJapanGovernment → powerless emperor ruled by a military leader (shogun)Shinto was the major religion of JapanAdopted a policy of isolation to limit foreign influence
17 IV. AfricaThe exportation of slaves and demand for imported goods began to alter traditional patterns in Africa.
18 IV. Africa African Exports: African Imports: Slaves (triangular trade – Middle Passage)Raw materialsAfrican Imports:Manufactured goods from Europe, Asia and the AmericasNew food products (corn, peanuts)
19 V. EconomicsEuropean maritime nations competed for overseas markets, colonies and resources, creating new economic practices, such as mercantilism, linking European nations with their colonies.
20 V. Economics Mercantilism An economic practice adopted by European colonial powers in an effort to become self-sufficientBased on the theory that colonies existed for the benefit of the mother country
21 V. Economics Commercial Revolution European maritime nations competed for overseas markets, colonies and resourcesA new economic system emerged:New money & banking systems were createdEconomic practices such as mercantilism evolvedColonial economies were limited by the economic needs of the mother country
22 Knowledge CheckWhere was the Ottoman Empire located, and how did it expand?How did the expansion of the Ottoman Empire impact world trade?Who was Akbar the Great? What were some of his accomplishments during his reign?Explain the impact of English trade on the Mughal Empire.Briefly explain China, Japan and Korea’s interaction with Europe during the Age of Exploration. (Use Chapt 19 in your text (AP) Chapt 14 Honors