Presentation on theme: "World War I: New Technology and U.S. Involvement The History Channel on 'Trench Warfare' * Today’s focus will be on the use of new methods and technology."— Presentation transcript:
World War I: New Technology and U.S. Involvement The History Channel on 'Trench Warfare' * Today’s focus will be on the use of new methods and technology in World War I and the United States’ Involvement on the Western Front *
German trenches at the right, British at the left.
* “Going over the top”
* Problems in the trenches
* Problems in the trenches: “Trench Foot” and “Trench Mouth”
* Problems in the trenches: Rats
* Problems in the trenches: Body Lice
* Problems in the trenches: Snipers
* New Weapons: Tanks
* New Weapons: Poison Gas * Chlorine, Mustard Gas
* New Weapons: Poison Gas
* New Weapons: Flamethrower
* New Weapons: Barbed Wire
Americans Arrive on the Western Front * Arrival of Americans changed course of war and helped Allies pull off a “victory” * * The U.S. troops were escorted by a convoy system across the Atlantic * * June – July 1917, American troops supplemented Allied powers on the Western Front (“doughboys”) * July 1917, John J. Pershing and the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) arrive in Paris – Pershing’s VIEWS on the U.S. involvement were different than other Allied Powers’… * AEF troops arrived at the rate of 10,000 a day, Germans could NOT sustain fighting! * Different tech. from the British
Americans Arrive on the Western Front * Germans launch HUGE offensive in March 1918 (July) – AEF troops played large role in preventing Central powers from taking Paris * *September 1918, AEF under Pershing launch the Meuse- Argonne Offensive – aka the Battle of Argonne Forest * Argonne Forest was CRUCIAL to the Allied war effort because it caused the Germans to begin their final retreat! * November 11, 1918 – Armistice Day signaled the end of World War I * * By October 1918, the Central powers had fallen apart (Ger., A-H, Ott.) Battle of Argonne - "Trench Warfare"