Look at the map legend to find out what ocean depths this albatross flew over. One albatross tagged over Cordell Bank, off California (see close-up) Black circles indicate where a bird was located at noon. Arrows show their path.
Microbes - microscopic organisms made up of a single cell (unicellular) or a cell cluster DiatomsCyanobacteria
Microbes Are the Most Abundant Organisms in the Ocean and form the Base of the Marine Food Webs These diatoms and other phytoplankton are tiny plant-like organisms. They produce sugar by photosynthesis using sunlight, carbon dioxide and nutrients.
The Wind Drives Coastal Upwelling Central California Coast
Coastal Upwelling Fertilizes the Ocean Central California Top-down view from a satellite shows the sea surface temperature off central California. Plumes of colder water (blue, 9 C or 42 F) upwell along the coast and mix with the warmer water offshore (red, 16 C or 60 F ).
Productive Water Looks Green Green in the ocean indicates productive regions with abundant chlorophyll-containing phytoplankton. Image Credit NASA
Albatross Food Chain Image credits: Phytoplankton: NOAA MESA Project, Zooplankton: NOAA/D.Forcucci; NOAA Central Library/Charleston Bump Expedition 2003. NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration; Dr. George Sedberry, South Carolina DNR, Principal Investigator, Fish: NOAA, NEFSC, Squid: NOAA/MBARI 2006, Albatross: NOAA Corps/Lieutenant Elizabeth Crapo
Many marine birds and mammals come together to feed in productive areas of the ocean.
Use Agreement This presentation was developed for Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary and Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument by Meghan Marrero of Mercy College and Oikonos - Ecosystem Knowledge. Teachers, educators, researchers and students may incorporate these materials into their lesson plans, presentations, and worksheets in hard copy and digital format for internal educational use only, not into any publication for external distribution. All photos, art, video and data have been contributed free of charge to create this product for educational use. Content may be copyrighted and/or owned by individuals and entities other than, and in addition to, NOAA and Oikonos. Credits for all the media are embedded or included, please retain credits when reproducing. No organization or person (whether an educational body or not) may incorporate this material into any media for promotional or commercial purpose whatsoever. Please contact Oikonos or NOAA to request further use of any images, art, video, data or text included in this presentation – we will contact contributing authors. Contact: WingedAmbassadors@oikonos.org All resources for this curriculum are available at : www.cordellbank.noaa/gov/education/teachers.html www.papahanaumokuakea.gov/education/wa.html www.oikonos.org/education
Engage – Imagining the Seafloor 1.The ocean surface looks the same everywhere 2.But the seafloor is full of features: Google Maps of the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean Explore – Identifying Seafloor Features 1.Measuring the Seafloor 2.Google Map of the Pacific Ocean 3.Google Map of Trenches 4.ROV Submersible 5.Google Map of Continental Shelves 6.Google Map of Continental Slopes 7.3D graphic of Continental Slope 8.Google Map of Abyssal Plains 9.Google Map of Banks 10.3D graphic of Cordell Bank 11.Google Map of Seamounts 12.3D graphic of a volcanic seamount 13.B&W Contour Map of Pacific Ocean Bathymetry 14.Albatross Nesting Colony 15.Photos of Kure Atoll and Tern Island where birds were tagged 16.Albatross At-Sea 17.Photos of Tagging over Cordell Bank 18.Handout Example: Cordell Bank Loop Explain – Upwelling and Phytoplankton 1.Microbes are microscopic organisms 2.Phytoplankton microbes photosynthesize 3.The wind drives coastal upwelling 4.Coastal upwelling fertilizes the ocean 5.Productive water looks green 6.Albatross Food Chain 7.Whales and birds feed in productive areas Elaborate – Marine Sanctuaries 1.Map of existing U.S. Marine Sanctuaries 2.Designing Marine Sanctuaries 3.Sanctuaries Can protect Seafloor Features 4.Where Would You Create an Albatross Sanctuary? 5.Information for Map Discussions 6.Map of Albatross Track: Kure Atoll Loop 7.Map of Albatross Track: Cordell Bank Loop 8.Map of Albatross Track: Kure Atoll to Alaska 9.Map of Albatross Track: Kure Atoll to Japan Lesson 3 Presentation Content