Presentation on theme: "Earth’s Features Unit C Chapter 6 Lesson 1 C6 – C11."— Presentation transcript:
Earth’s Features Unit C Chapter 6 Lesson 1 C6 – C11
Main Idea Earth’s surface includes water and solid landforms. You can identify surface features by their location, shape, and elevation.
A Watery Planet Earth is the only planet in our solar system with a large amount of water on its surface. All of Earth’s oceans are connect with most of the water found in the southern part. Lakes and rivers carry or hold fresh water. Only 3% of Earth’s water is fresh and most of it is found in glaciers or ice sheets.
Most of the Earth’s fresh water is found in glaciers or ice sheets near Earth’s poles. Fresh water is a very important resource!
Earth’s Solid Surface CRUST – Earth’s rocky outer layer. Has many features on the ocean floor and on the continents. LANDFORMS – continental features
Landforms Mountains – the tallest of Earth’s landforms Steep sloops rise to tall peaks Can be a single peak or in chains, ranges, and mountain systems
Landforms cont. HILLS –Smaller than mountains –Rounded crests stand above the land around them MOUNTAIN VALLEYS –Long, narrow regions of low land between ranges of mountains or hills. –CANYONS – deep valleys with steep sides
Landforms Cont. PLATEAUS High landforms with flat surfaces. Often along tops of canyons MESAS Like a plateaus, but smaller
Landforms Cont. PLAINS Broad and flat Lower than surroundings
Landforms Cont. RIVER VALLEY Valley with a river flowing usually in the center River moves along a channel in the valley floor FLOOD PLAIN The floor of a river valley on either side of the river Water covers a flood plain when a river overflows
Landforms Mountains – tallest landforms Hills – smaller than mountains Plateaus – high landforms with fairly flat surfaces Mountain Valleys – long, narrow regions of low land between ranges Plains – broad, flat and lower than surroundings River valley – river that flows through the center of a valley Flood Plain – the floor of a river valley on either side of the river
Coastal Plain Canada to Florida Slopes gently from the Appalachian Mountains to the shores of the Atlantic ocean Fertile soil
Beaches & Marshlands Found at shorelines where the dry land meets the ocean. Flat landforms Can be rocky or sandy
Pacific Coast No coastal plain Coastline is rocky Can be steep cliffs Mountains may extend to the waters edge
Sea Caves Waves penetrate weak rock Begins as a small fracture in rock that develops into a cave over time
Sea Cliffs Created by erosion and weathering
Sea Arches Natural opening eroded out of a cliff face
Pocket Beaches Form along a rocky coastline Small and curve landward Sand fills spaces (pockets) between rocky cliffs
Mainland beaches Found along straight shorelines free of large rocks Some stretch for miles
Barrier Island Beach Barrier island – separated from mainland by a narrow, shallow body of water Beaches can be large New Jersey Barrier Island
Sand Dunes Mounds or ridges of sand that the wind often forms along coastlines Form in long, irregular rows set back from the water
What are the three types of beaches? Pocket Mainland Barrier
Ocean Floor Features Continental margin: shelf, slope, rise Ocean floor features are similar to features on land –Canyons –Mountains –Plains –seamounts
Starts at the waters edge and extends to the deep ocean floor 3 Parts to the continental margin –Continental shelf –Continental slope –Continental Rise
Continental Shelf Forms the edges of the continent Slopes gradually down from sea level to less than 200 m
Continental Slope Beyond the shelf and is very steep Can fall to depths of 3 km (1.8 mi) Forms the sides of the continents
Continental Rise At the bottom of the slope Stretches out about 1,000km across the ocean floor
Ocean Floor Features Canyons – same as on the land, but called submarine canyons underwater Mountains & Plains Seamounts – huge steep sided mountains rising from the ocean floor –Some have flat tops and are known as Guyots (GEE ohs)
Ocean Floor The vast area of the deep ocean floor is called the Abyssal Plain.
What are the three parts of the continental margin? Continental Shelf Continental Slope Continental Rise
Mid-Ocean Features Ocean Basin – the region beyond the continental margin Deep canyons called trenches Mariana Trench (near Guam) drops 6.6 mi below the ocean floor Mid-ocean ridges form mountain chains The sides of the ridges slope down to the abyssal plain
Mapping Surface Features Topographic Map – shows the shape of surface features and their elevations or heights above sea level. Contour Lines – connect points on the map that have the same elevation Contour lines show shape and steepness of the land.
What three properties are used to identify surface features? Location Shape Elevation
How do contour lines help you visualize a feature of Earth’s solid surface? Contour lines can show the shape and steepness of the land
Name and describe the three parts of the continental margin. Continental shelf – forms a continent’s edges Continental slope – steeper and forms its sides Continental Rise – at the bottom of the slope and stretches across the ocean floor.
Earth has lots of water. Water covers 70% of Earth’s surface. Even so, water is a critical resource for all living things. Explain why. Salt water is not safe to drink, but is the most abundant type of water. Only 3% of water is fresh and most is locked in glaciers. Fresh water in streams and ponds is very precious.
Describe how plateaus and plains are similar and how they are different. Plateaus and plains are both flat and wide. However, plateaus rise above their surroundings, while plains sit lower than their surroundings.
The Mariana Trench is a feature of the floor of the Pacific Ocean. What land feature does its shape most resemble? A. river valley B. Canyon C. Mountain Range D. Beach
The Mariana Trench is a feature of the floor of the Pacific Ocean. What land feature does its shape most resemble? B. Canyon
The rocky outer layer of Earth’s surface is called the Crust
What are the lines that connect points on a map that have the same elevation called? Contour Lines
What type of map shows the shape of surface features and their elevations? Topographic Map
Where is salt water most often found relative to dry land? A. in rivers and streams B. in underground wells C. along shorelines and near beaches D. in ice sheets at the North Pole
Where is salt water most often found relative to dry land? C. along shorelines and near beaches
A flat landform found at a high elevation is called a ______? A. plateau B. river valley C. plain D. canyon
A flat landform found at a high elevation is called a ______? A. plateau
Underground caves, steep cliffs, and sand dunes often form near __________? A. mountain peaks B. coastlines C. flood plains D. Continental slopes
Underground caves, steep cliffs, and sand dunes often form near __________? B. coastlines