2 1. The Neolithic Revolution The beginning of the Neolithic Revolution was caused by a several factors. The geographic factor that probably contributed most to the Neolithic Revolution was climate change. The geographic factor of climate change would have caused a longer growing season for farmers.
3 2. The Neolithic Revolution After the Neolithic Revolution, humans no longer HAD to hunt animals. As a result of the Neolithic revolution they started Animal Domestication (using them and raising them for food).
4 3. The Neolithic Revolution The Neolithic Revolution led to an alteration in the social patterns in humans. Because humans no longer had to hunt and gather their food they were able to stay in one place. The Neolithic Revolution led to the creation of settled communities.
5 4. The Neolithic Revolution The Neolithic Revolution also caused several other changes in Human societies: the population began growing much faster, advanced cities began growing along rivers and deltas, and specialized laborers working different jobs began to produce more intricate and complex products. A change in human society which did NOT happen because of the Neolithic Revolution was that people began using bone and stone tools.
6 5. The Neolithic Revolution Another aspect of civilization that the Neolithic revolution led to was the development of government. The transition to farming influenced government because governments were needed to set laws and provide order for the people.
7 6. Early SocietiesThere are four early civilizations that we have discussed in this unit: Nile River Valley (Egypt), Mesopotamia (between the Tigris and Euphrates), Indus River Valley (India) and the Huang He (Yellow River) and Yangtze River – both in China.
8 7. Early SocietiesThe location of these civilization was heavily influenced by one thing: Early river valley civilizations began near rivers to use as transportation and a fresh water source.
9 8. Early SocietiesSeveral things indicate Civilization. Civilization is indicated by government, culture, laws, currency, written language, and social structure.
10 9. Early SocietiesSeveral historical artifacts can indicate civilization such as : A metal coin (currency), A piece of woven silk, and a clay tablet with writing. A historical artifact that does NOT indicate civilization is a fish hook made of bone.
11 10. Early SocietiesEarly civilizations arose from about 8,000 BC to 500 BC. Early societies were characterized by several things: they had the first organized governments, they had the first systems of writing, and they had the first major religions. Early societies during the era of Early Civilizations were NOT characterized by the first use of gunpowder.
12 11. Early SocietiesOne of the location for an early civilization was the Indus River valley in India. Sometimes the early Indus River Valley settlements sometimes forced to change location because the Indus River occasionally changed course.
13 12. Early SocietiesThe Nile River in Egypt flooded regularly every year which had the effect of renewing the soil and making it very good for farming. Egypt was called the “Gift of the Nile” because the annual flooding and irrigation from the Nile provided for farming in a desert region.
14 13. Early SocietiesA theocracy is when a government is run by a religion. The early civilization of Egypt (Nile River valley) was ruled by a pharaoh know as a god-king. Because their government and religion were tied together like that Egypt was considered a theocracy.
15 14. Early SocietiesWith the rise of early civilizations building became more important and common. An architectural achievement that is attributed to the Egyptian are the Pyramids of Giza.
16 15. Early SocietiesHammurabi was a Babylonian ruler. He codified hundreds of laws and set out penalties for violating those laws. This was known as Hammurabi’s Code. Hammurabi’s Code had a lasting impact because the laws were made more consistent and predictable. Hammurabi’s Code is first (and most famous) codified law in history.
17 16. Early SocietiesThe early civilization in China was ruled by dynasties. A Dynasty is characterized by a family maintaining power for several generations.
18 17. Early ReligionsThere were four early religions discussed in this unit: Judaism, Confucianism, Buddhism and Hinduism. The origins of Buddhism and Hinduism were similar because they both began in the same country.
19 18. Early ReligionsConfucianism was started by Confucius in what is now China. The objective which was a primary goal of Confucianism was to restore social order through proper behavior.
20 19. Early ReligionsThe Aryan people were an ancient people that moved into India and brought a religion with them. The religion the Aryan people brought to the Indus River Valley was Hinduism.
21 Site of Ancient Civilizations Documents Influencing Modern Law 20. Maps and ChartsSite of Ancient CivilizationsDocuments Influencing Modern LawMajor World ReligionsEuphrates RiverDeclaration of IndependenceBuddhismHuang He (Yellow River)Hammurabi’s CodeChristianityIndus RiverHinduismNile RiverIslamTigris RiverJudaism
22 21. Maps and Charts A + Nile River valley (Egypt) C = Mesopotamia (Between theTigris and Euphrates