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Living with The 3 Key Financial Statements Putting the pieces together By Adrian Payne.

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Presentation on theme: "Living with The 3 Key Financial Statements Putting the pieces together By Adrian Payne."— Presentation transcript:

1 Living with The 3 Key Financial Statements Putting the pieces together By Adrian Payne

2 Slide 2 of 12

3 Who currently works, or has ever worked in Finance? Who knows what the Accounting Equation is? Who knows what money is? Who knows what cash is? Is there a difference money and cash? Anyone heard of the phrase Asset Rich but Cash Poor? Identify the Visitors Slide 3 of 12

4 Agenda Living with The 3 Key Financial Statements Income Statement Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Introduction The Accounting Equation Income Statement Example Fundamental Concept: Timing Domestic Accounting Exercise Cash Flow and The Plasma TV Conclusion Balance Sheet: Two sides to a story Balance Sheet: Two sides to a story Slide 4 of 12

5 Slide 5 of 12

6 Income Statement Slide 6 of 12

7 INCOME STATEMENT The Income Statement records when the event happened NOT when the payment happened. Because the income statement is prepared under the accrual basis of accounting, the revenues reported may not have been collected. Similarly, the expenses reported on the income statement might not have been paid. Records actual cash receipts and cash payments. CASH FLOW STATEMENT Fundamental Concept The Timing of Events Slide 7 of 12

8 PROPRIETORSHIP Proprietorship on the right side ASSETS Assets on the left side Balance Sheet Remember the Accounting Equation : A= L + P Think of the Balance Sheet as a piece of paper with a line drawn down the middle of the page LIABILITIES Liabilities on the right side Slide 8 of 12

9 Please refer to the two page Word Document : There are two questions: Time permits us only to work through the first question in class. -> Remember that the *Accrual method of Accounting records Income and Expenses when they’re incurred, not when they’re paid. - > The Cash method records only when the receipts of payments are made. The second question is a bonus. To be completed outside of class If you need help, please me or call Domestic Accounting : Homework It doesn’t have to be a chore *see Slide 7 for an Accrual recap Slide 9 of 12

10 For example, when you use cash to buy a Plasma TV, you own the TV (you've increased your "assets") but you also have less money (you've decreased your cash in the bank) Cash can come from three different sources Operating Activities  Normal business activities Investing Activities  Sale of Assets e.g. Plasma TV Financing activities  Share issues or ask your parents Cash Flow Statement Practical thinking Slide 10 of 12

11 Profit is the money left over at the end of the month after all household expenses have been paid. The Profits increase household wealth which is recorded on the Balance Sheet. You may decide to leave the cash in the bank or make an additional mortgage payment or you may buy a Plasma television. This is the cash flow. No point paying off bank debt or buying gadgets for the home if you don’t have the cash to buy groceries and the daily essentials. Conclusion A = L + P Slide 11 of 12

12 The 3 Key Financial Statements Now you know their place in your home: Income Statement : To measure PROFIT Balance Sheet: To measure WEALTH Cash Flow Statement: To measure HEALTH Slide 12 of 12 By Adrian Payne 2011


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