Presentation on theme: "The 2011 Humanitarian Situations in Ethiopia.. The Humanitarian crises in the horn of Africa Covers countries Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya,.........."— Presentation transcript:
The Humanitarian crises in the horn of Africa Covers countries Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya,..........
1. N UMBER OF PEOPLE REQUIRING HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (S INCE J ULY 2011) The findings of the July 2011, government and multi-agency assessment and monitoring results indicated that there are a total of 4,567,256 requiring humanitarian assistance The total net emergency food and non-food requirements for the period July to December 2011 amounts to USD 398,439,730 In addition a total of USD 329,834,684 is required to respond to non-food needs.These include: health and nutrition, water and sanitation and agriculture and education sectors
A FFECTED P OPULATION AND RELIEF FOOD REQUIREMENTS BY REGION DURING 2011 RegionTarget Benefi Cereal in Met.ton Supple mentar y food oilpulseTotal Tigray 399,37324,1252,5337242,41229,794 Afar 132,99511,9201257359119714,782 Amhara 420,04532,7903,4439843,27940,495 Oromia 1,889,267158,13016,6044,74415,813195,291 Somali 1,438,826129,49413,5973,88512,949159,926 SNNPR 252,2367,4777852247489,234 Benishangul Gumuz 29,5148859327891,093 Dire Dawa 5,00022524723278 Grand Total 4,567,256365,09638,33510,95336,510450,893
2. S UMMARY OF H UMANITARIAN R EQUIREMENTS General ration: USD 292,434,684 Supplementary food: USD 37,400,000 Net food requirement: USD 329,834,684 Health and Nutrition: USD 31,360,739 Water and sanitation: USD 20,163,178 Agriculture and Livestock: USD 12,131,129 Education: USD 4,950,000 Non-food sub total: USD 68,605,046 Grand total: USD 398,439,730
3. R ELIEF R ESPONSES TO THE 2011 H UMANITARIAN F OOD REQUIREMENTS The total net requirement for the first half of 2011 identified in the February and April Humanitarian Document (HRD) was 189,606 MT. Out of this, donor contribution up until end of June 2011 stood at 164,190 MT; of which 93,267 MT was delivered in country, The total food requirement for the first half of the year was about 279,897 MT. From January to June,206,647 MT of food was allocated and dispatched in four rounds by government and its partners. The dispatched amount covers 73% of the requirement for the first half of the year.
C ONTI.. Out of the total of 206,647 MT allocated food - Disaster Risk Management and Food Security Sector ( DRMFSS), handled 37%, - The NGO consortium joint Emergency Operation - Plan (JEOP) covered 18%, and - WFP handled 45%.
4. T HE M AIN C AUSES OF THE 2011 CROP FAILURE The continued La Nina episode during the first of 2011 has affected the food security situations in the south and south eastern parts of the country The short rainy season dependent and sorghum receiving parts of the country are also affected by the situation The poor performance of short-cycle crops and deterioration of livestock body condition and production contributed to rising malnutrition Flooding also posed a threat during the second half of 2011 in western, north-western, and central parts of the country
C ON The failure of sweet potato harvest in SNNPR compounded with poor performance of short-cycle crops as well as drought –induced reduction in livestock production resulted in increased cases of malnutrition in worst affected areas The late on-set and poor performance of rains has resulted in poor short rainy season harvest prospects, including a delay in the harvest (1-2 months in some areas) The anticipated poor harvest, combined with the failure of gap-filling food harvests (haricot bean, sweet potato, vegetables, green maize) and increased grain prices aggravated the situation.
C ONTI.. The deterioration of the food security situation has had serious impact on nutrition in the affected areas; with monthly reports from Therapeutic Feeding Programs (TFPs) increasing admission trends in most La Nina affected areas over the past four months. In SNNPR for instance TFP admissions increased by 42% between February and March and by 90% between March and April 2011. Likewise in Oromiya, TFP admissions increased by 36.5% between February and March 2011.
C ONTI.. In Somalia, admissions increased by 6% in 71% of the centers in the months between March and – April, 2011 This situation is not expected to be improved before September/October 2011; when some delayed Nutrition situation is also deteriorating in woredas that experienced poor belg (short rain season) performance in SNNPR, Oromiya and Pocket areas of Amahara.
I NFLUX OF S OMALI R EFUGEES ( SITUATION AFTER 5 TH OF S EPT ) Current 2010 2011 Site/CampHousehold s Individual s Househ olds Individu als Househol ds Individu als Bokolmanyo9,41637,5593,98814,9885,42822,571 Melkadida9,84339,8336,45225,4913,39114,342 Kobe5,74925,519------- 574925,519 Hilawyen3,62415,715---------------3,62415,715 Camp Sub Total 28,632118,62610,44040,47918,19278,147