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Get Cited or Perish: The h-index & Researcher Incentives for Open Access A. Ben Wagner, Sciences Librarian University at Buffalo.

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Presentation on theme: "Get Cited or Perish: The h-index & Researcher Incentives for Open Access A. Ben Wagner, Sciences Librarian University at Buffalo."— Presentation transcript:

1 Get Cited or Perish: The h-index & Researcher Incentives for Open Access A. Ben Wagner, Sciences Librarian University at Buffalo

2 The OA Message to Researchers Used to be Publish or Perish. Now it’s increasingly Get Cited or Perish. Open Access: more readers, more citations, more impact It’s your work; retain a few rights, at least posting manuscript to repository. Sure you publish for prestige, but you also publish to be read!

3 2007 All scholarly articles in journals covered by SSCI 238 Cites 2007 Impact =238 2007 cites = 1.506 Factor 158 2005-06 articles 2005-2006 Child Abuse & Neglect (journal) 158 articles The Classic Journal Impact Factor

4 So what? JIF is a measure of extreme currency – 2 year window. JIF is a GROSS average. Average article in Nano Letters cited 10.371 times, But the citation RANGE = 0 - 319 times (14 articles cited zero times!). Never ever intended to measure quality of an individual article or author, even Thomson Scientific says that.

5 A Better Citation Metric h-Index (Hirsch Index) An h-Index of 11 means a person (or dept.) has 11 articles cited at least 11 times. Easily calculated from Web of Science resources/webofscience.html resources/webofscience.html

6 Critique of h-index Rewards longevity, but not least- publishable-unit or sheer quantity. Recent and old work rewarded equally Does not reward highly cited papers Many variants (g-index, m-index, etc. proposed to weight age, recent work, & highly cited papers, # of coauthors) Relatively insensitive to manipulation.

7 Variants of h-index g-index = g number of papers that received g 2 citations (rewards highly cited papers m-index = h-index / no. of years a researcher has published (normalizes for longevity)

8 Citation Indexes – Many more players – 1 SciFinder NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS) Google Scholar/Harzing’s POP Amazon (Search inside this book) Scitation/Spin Web/PROLA Citation Bridge (US Patents) USPTO Optics InfoBase

9 Citation Indexes – Many more players - 2 CiteSeer (primarily computer & info sci) ScienceDirect PsycInfo IEEE Xplore Spires (High Energy Physics) IOP Journals CrossRef

10 My Take For an individual or department:  h-index plus  Total cites to all published articles plus  Citation Report graphs from appropriate the citation databases (SCI, SSCI, AHCI,+?) Give a pretty good take on the impact of one’s journal articles within the limits of available citation data. Demonstrably superior to JIF

11 A Free, New Citation Tool Harzing’s Publish or Perish Install from: Automatically analyzes citations from Google Scholar for any author. Instructive to compare Web of Science citation report with Harzing’s report. Warning: Dirty data, don’t take at face value.

12 Harzing’s POP Statistics Total number of papers & citations Ave. number of citations per paper & per author Ave. number of papers per author & per year Hirsch's h-index and related parameters Egghe's g-index Other variations on the h-index Age-weighted citation rate Number of authors per paper

13 Primer on Open Access (OA) OA simply means free-to-read. OA is fully compatible with rigorous peer review. OA does not necessarily mean author-pay (there are many models being tested). OA journals can be low or high quality, just like subscription journals.

14 Can OA have Prestige? PLOS Biology  JIF=13.5 (7 th out of 263 biochem journals)  Started in October 2003 PLOS One (in 2010 will be the largest science journal in the world) – est. 8,000 articles

15 OA – a flash in the pan? More than 4,000 fully OA, peer reviewed journals - 2 new titles per day 1,500 OA repositories - new repository every day. Scientific Commons – 30 million OA items. 20% medical lit avail. Free within 2 years Over 100 OA publication mandates

16 SO WHAT! We publish for prestige, but we also publish to be read & cited. What if I point you to actual research that shows OA articles are cited 25-250% more than toll access (TA) articles?  aphy.doc aphy.doc

17 A Couple of OA Cite Advantage Studies (OA-CA = citations to OA vs. TA articles) 44% OA-CA in Ecology  (Norris & Rowland, 2008) The citation advantage of open-access articles. JASIST, 59(12), 1963-1972. OA-CA: Math (91%); Elec. Engineering (51%); Philosophy (45%)  ( Antelman 2004) Do open-access articles have a greater research impact? College & Research Libraries. 65(5): p. 372-382.

18 What you should know about OA Know what your OA options are.  OA journal not the whole story Most non-OA journals allow authors to deposit their articles in an IR/DR. See for publisher policies.

19 More on Institutional Repositories You have rights! Retain right to mount your hard work to an IR/DR. Done right it will be visible to Google Scholar, OAIster, & other OAI harvestors. Wide variety of formats & document types

20 The OA Advantage As scholar, enlarge your audience/impact. As reader, enjoy free online access to the literature. As teacher, your students have free, liability-free access (fair use, course pack). Moving away from an unsustainable journal publishing system.

21 Personal Story Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling Article

22 Check out: Open the channels of communication in your field. Create Change (SPARC) Making Change Work for You  Practical steps as faculty, researcher, reviewer, editor, society member, teacher. 

23 From Opportunity Assessment Instrument ACRL Scholarly Communication Toolkit: “10 Things You Should Know About Scholarly Communication” 20101%2010%20Things%20You.pdf. 20101%2010%20Things%20You.pdf “Open Access Overview” (Peter Suber): Open Access Scholarly Information Sourcebook: Practical Steps for Implementing Open Access: “Transforming Scholarly Communication and Publishing” (UB Libraries – for faculty and students): ScholCom Staff Wiki (UB Libraries – internal): 6 Things Researchers Need to Know about OA – P. Suber

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