Presentation on theme: "1 Academic Impact : What it means and how to calculate it Prof. Neal Ashkanasy."— Presentation transcript:
1 Academic Impact : What it means and how to calculate it Prof. Neal Ashkanasy
2 About the Presenter Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Organizational Behavior (2007-2014) Published by Wiley-Blackwell First published in 1981 2012 2-year Impact Factor = 3.626 Top 5, Applied Psychology Associate Editor, Academy of Management Review (2011-2014) Published by the Academy of Management 2012 2-year Impact Factor = 7.895 #1 Journal in Management Associate Editor, Emotion Review Published by Sage on behalf of the International Society for Research on Emotions 2012 2-year Impact Factor = 1.894 First published 2009 Book Series Editor, Research on Emotion in Organizations Published by Emerald, JAI Press Imprint First published in 2005 Editorial boards (selection) Academy of Management Journal (1996-2007) Journal of Applied Psychology Academy of Management Learning & Education Journal of Management Personality & Individual Differences https://www.business.uq.edu.au/staff/details/neal-ashkanasy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neal_Ashkanasy
3 Outline Citation Indices Meaning of citations Boosting your citations Journal Impact factors Concluding Comments
4 Citation Indexing Developed in its modern form by Eugene Garfield of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) – Now published by Thomson Reuters Scientific The Web of Science (Thomson Reuter Scientific) – Sciences Citation Index (SCI) – Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) – Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI) – Conference Proceeding Citation Index – Book Citation Index (New) – Select “All Databases” (broadest) Click the little orange down arrow next to “Web of Science Core Collection” to see the full menu (see next slide).
5 WoS Start Page Click to see menu, including “All databases” Click to see menu, including “Cited Reference Search”
6 Alternatives to WoS SCOPUS –Elsevier –Broader then SSCI –New: SCOPUS “Journal Analyzer” Research Gate Academia Google Scholar –See http://www.harzing.comhttp://www.harzing.com –“Publish or Perish” –Calculates ‘h’ and ‘g’ citation indices Authors Journals –Quick and easy to use
7 h- and g-indices Citations per publication Hirsch’s “h-index” – h = no. publications with at least h citations – e.g., h = 6 if six publications have been cited 6 or more times Egghe’s “g-index” – g = no. publications whose combined citation count is at least g 2 (or average citations for the top g pubs ≥ g) – e.g., g = 6 if the average no of citations for the top 6 publications is at least 6. – Gives more weight to highly cited articles than h.
8 Meaning of Citations Article is cited in WoS-Indexed journals – Citations in other journals and books do not count – But citations to non-WoS-Indexed journal articles, book chapters, and books are counted WoS is three databases! – (Source) “Search” – “Cited Reference Search” Click the little blue down arrow next to “Basic Search” (see Slide 5) – “Secret” data based used to calculate IF’s.
9 Why are articles cited? Genuine contribution to the literature – Ideas cited more than data – Books cited more than journal articles (??!!) Handy references – Review articles (e.g., AMR, JoM) – Snapshots (e.g., J. J. Ray in the 1980’s) ‘Bad’ citations? Fashion – Harzing’s study of mis-citations Harzing, A. W. 2002. Are our referencing errors undermining our scholarship and credibility? The case of expatriate failure rates. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23: 127-148.
10 Boosting Your Citations Publish in the top-tier journals Write quality articles that attract attention and interest Advertise Self-cite (!!??) Contact Thomson Reuters re. errors Make publications available in the public domain – See SHERPA RoMEO database – http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo.php http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo.php
11 Journal Impact Factor Calculated as N citations in year y to articles published in y-1 and y-2 divided by N “citable” articles published in y-1 and y-”2. E.g. 2013 impact factor = Number of citations in 2013 to articles published in 2011 and 2012, divided by the number of “citable” articles published in 2011 and 2012. “Citable” articles = “Articles”, “Reviews”, and ( more recently) “Conference Proceedings”. E.g., AMR 2013 Impact Factor calculated as … – Total citations in 2013 to articles published in 2011 and 2012 = 469 Cites in 2013 to articles published in 2011 = 315; in 2012 = 154 – Total citable articles published in 2011 and 2012 = 60 Number of citable articles published in 2011 = 30; in 2012 = 30 – AMR’s 2013 Impact Factor = 469/60 = 7.817
12 5-Year Indices WoS recently introduced 5-year indices, more applicable to the social sciences where the review process is typically 18-30 months rather than 6-12 months typical in the sciences 5-Year Impact Factor – Same as 2-year, but calculated over 5 years Article Influence Score – Takes account of the quality of the citing journals
14 Closing Comments Citations count more than ever as an index of impact Already the primary criterion in the sciences – Already a key criterion in the social sciences – Now becoming a key criterion in the organization sciences