Presentation on theme: "Controlled Assessment BU1.3 Vitamin C"— Presentation transcript:
1Controlled Assessment BU1.3 Vitamin C Topic of the investigation:How much vitamin C is in food depends upon the time the food is cooked forResearch ONE possible method to investigate the hypothesisDevelop a detailed plan for this methodFill in the RESEARCH NOTES sheet (BOTH sides) and hand in to your teacher.
2Candidate Research Notes Fill in both sides of the sheet. Make sure you SIGN the front page.Use the information from the source you found most useful, but you can use information from the other sources too.It is important you put as much detail as you can BUT do not write outside the boxes.
3ContextA food scientist needs to explain to hospital cooks how long to cook vegetables so that they contain as much vitamin C as possibleHow could the results of this investigation help to show the amount of cooking time needed or the different methods of cooking to retain vitamin C content?Explain in your own words.HINTVitamin C is needed for healthy skin and blood vesselsVitamin C is soluble in water so it can be found in the juices and extracts of certain fruits and vegetablesCooking vegetables by boiling in water is likely to reduce their vitamin C content
4Measuring the vitamin C content This is done using a chemical called DCPIPDCPIP has a blue colourIn the presence of vitamin C DCPIP goes colourlessThe more vitamin C present the more drops of DCPIP need to be added to the food extract before a blue colour remains. (When this happens all the vitamin C has reacted with the DCPIP)Problems:It may be difficult to determine the end pointThe drops of DCPIP may not all be the same size
5ResearchFind at least 3 sources. Look for descriptions of experiments that tell you how to extract the vitamin C from the vegetable and how to test for it. A diagram is not essential but may be useful.PLAN AHEAD! You have to squeeze FOUR lines of writing into a very small space! Draft it on another piece of paper first.Select the most useful source and write down its Title, Author, Publisher and Date OR its Title and Web address.Write WHY you thought this one was the most useful. It could be because it helps you with the theory, or maybe it has a good diagram, includes clear safety information or the method shows the steps in detail.Choose ONE of your rejected sources and write down its Title, Author, Publisher and Date OR its Title and Web address.Write WHY you rejected it.
7Risk assessment Hazard Risk Control Name (for example broken glass) How likely? (low/medium/high risk) ANDPossible outcomeControlHow to reduce risk. (“Be careful” is NOT enough!)
8Equipment listYou can draw a labelled diagram but this will take a while.A clear list with sizes stated would be quicker.
9Method in note form. Don’t write full sentences here. VariablesMethodIndependent variable Name AND how it will be measured Dependent variable Name AND what you will measure Control variables At least TWO RELEVANT ones named AND for EACH one, how it will be controlled.Step by stepDon’t forget repeats and calculating means. Say HOW a mean is calculated.* HINT Use all the sources or a textbook to find out two factors that will affect the values used.
10Investigations: Writing a Method EK Range High School 2013Investigations: Writing a MethodBronzeCan youList the equipment you need, including at least one measuring instrument?Name the independent variable and the dependent variable?Give one way to make it a fair test?State at least one safety precaution?Describe what to do during the practical?Strengths, weaknesses and next stepsThis is what youneed to doto get the full 9 marksin the Part 1 CAU examSilverCan youList all the apparatus, giving details of sizes or types?Identify and give the range and intervals or values of the independent variable?Identify and state how the dependent variable will be measured?Name at least two control variables and say how they will be controlled?Describe at least two hazards and link them to their control measures?Describe the sequence of the practical work using correct English?My response is …GoldCan youList all the apparatus, including the sizes or types and the range and/or precision of all measuring instruments?Identify all relevant variables, stating how they will be measured and/or controlled?Write a 3-part risk assessment, linking at least two hazards with their associated risks and control measures?Describe the sequence of the practical work using almost faultless English?GoldCan youList all the apparatus, including the sizes or types and the range and/or precision of all measuring instruments?Identify all relevant variables, stating how they will be measured and/or controlled?Write a 3-part risk assessment, linking at least two hazards with their associated risks and control measures?Describe the sequence of the practical work using almost faultless English?THINK PINK FOR LITERACY – GO GREEN TO IMPROVEWell done – in this task you have:To GO GREEN! You should now:Over to you – re-write the THINK PINK section correcting the highlighted errors.DiamondCan you explainYour choice of key apparatusHow you selected the values of the independent variableWhy it is important to control extraneous variables?
11Results Draw a blank table suitable for the method you have planned It’s worth 2 marksDon’t forget to label each column clearly and write the UNITS in the column headings
12Paper 1 structure Question 1 Research sources 3 marks USE your Research NotesIdentify two sources.Say why you found one better than the other.Question 2 Control variables 3 marksSee the next slideQuestion 3 Plan marksWrite an equipment listName the variablesSay how the control variables should be kept the sameWrite instructions for the method in a logical orderWhat are you going to measure or count?Write a 3-part Risk Assessment (Hazard, risk, how to control the risk)Spelling, punctuation and grammar MATTER for this question!Question marksWill ask about one of the Key Terms, for example comparing results, Zero error, Repeatability, Anomalous results.Make sure you know what the words on the AQA Glossary of Terms mean and can explain why they are important.Question 5 Results table marksYour blank results table. This should have been done in a lesson. Make sure it is handed in.If you did not do one earlier, draw it in the space below the question.Total 20 marks
13Question2 Control variables 3 marks You will need to name a variable you are going to controlTHENYou will need to describe how you would carry out a preliminary investigation to determine the value (size) of this control variableANDExplain how the results of this investigation will help you to decide on the best value for the control variableFor example:How will you know the volume of vegetable extract to test?Too small a volume - the results may be very close together and you will not see a trendToo large a volume and you could spent too much time collecting your results so you do not finish the experimentCan you design an experiment which will give you an idea of the best volume to choose?
14The Practical You may work individually or in groups You will be asked to use the equipment and follow the method provided (this might not be the same as your own plan)You might be provided with a results table or the teacher can tell you how to arrange it.TAKE PART! Make sure the teacher sees you take some measurements and taking care to keep the control variables the same.
15Procedure You should be given a photocopy of instructions to follow. If you do not understand what to do, make sure you ask for help.
16Analysing results You MUST do this by yourself Decide if it should be a bar chart or a line graph: If the IV is categoric (labels), draw a BAR CHARTIf the IV is continuous (numbers that have been counted or measured), draw a LINE GRAPHThe graph is worth 4 marks.Remember to make the graph take up more than half the page. Label both axes with the name and units. Accurate plotting of all points and a line of best fit are worth a mark each.The teacher cannot help you.
17Exam Part 2You will have your Research notes, table and graph with you.There will be Secondary Data sheets for use with some questions.You will be required to:Analyse your own resultsDraw a conclusionMatch your results to the hypothesisEvaluate the method and quality of dataAnalyse further secondary dataReport your findings in the context set.
18Paper 2 structure Question 1 Your investigation 12 marks USE your Research Notes, Results and GraphWill ask about your investigation for example:What were the names of your variables?What were the uncertainties in your investigation and how could you reduce them?Did you repeat any of the readings? If yes then say why. Refer back to your graph: are all your points on or near the line of best fit?Do your results support your hypothesis? Say yes they do or no they don’t because … quote some figures from your data to support what you are sayingDo other results show that the investigation is reproducible? If they do then they show a similar trend to your results. Quote some figures to support your answerQuestion 2 Secondary Data marksSketch graph. Name and label both axes but NO numbers. SHAPE of line only, no points plotted.Case studies 1, 2, 3. Explain whether each one supports the hypothesis (one does, one does but has an error, one has a different IV) Write about ALL of them, IDENTIFY each one clearly.Case study 4. RelationshipsJustification using the information given about case study 4.Question 3 Context marksUSE your Research Notes.Explain how your investigation could be useful in context given.Question 4 Graph marksYou may have already done this. Check it is ready to hand in: labels AND units on BOTH axes. ALL points accurate. LoBF SMOOTH curve or RULED line as appropriate.Total 30 marks