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Your friend Diana has the latest Tommy Lee song on her iPod. You ask Diana for the song and she makes a copy for you to play on your phone. Your friend.

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Presentation on theme: "Your friend Diana has the latest Tommy Lee song on her iPod. You ask Diana for the song and she makes a copy for you to play on your phone. Your friend."— Presentation transcript:

1 Your friend Diana has the latest Tommy Lee song on her iPod. You ask Diana for the song and she makes a copy for you to play on your phone. Your friend Diana has the latest Tommy Lee song on her iPod. You ask Diana for the song and she makes a copy for you to play on your phone.

2 The latest GI Joe movie is playing at Caribbean Cinemas. You have not seen it yet and the ticket costs $15. While walking in town a vendor offers you the movie on DVD for $5. The latest GI Joe movie is playing at Caribbean Cinemas. You have not seen it yet and the ticket costs $15. While walking in town a vendor offers you the movie on DVD for $5.

3 Your classmate does not have the textbook for EDPM because the bookstore has run out. He needs the book. You get your mother to photocopy the entire book for him at her workplace. Your classmate does not have the textbook for EDPM because the bookstore has run out. He needs the book. You get your mother to photocopy the entire book for him at her workplace.

4 Was it the wrong or right thing to do?

5 Ethics: Copyright, Intellectual Property & Plagiarism

6 What is Ethics? Ethics is the study of right and wrong. Ethics is the study of right and wrong.

7 What is Intellectual Property? This refers to the creations of the mind: inventions, literary and artistic works and symbols, names, images and designs used in commerce. This refers to the creations of the mind: inventions, literary and artistic works and symbols, names, images and designs used in commerce.

8 What is Intellectual Property? Once you create something with your mind like a song, video or poem it automatically becomes your intellectual property. Once you create something with your mind like a song, video or poem it automatically becomes your intellectual property.

9 Trademarks

10 Trademarks

11 Trademarks

12 What is Copyright? Copyright law allows authors, musicians, artists, etc. to make money off of their labor. It prevents others from taking their work for free. It also prevents people from altering the work without permission. Copyright law allows authors, musicians, artists, etc. to make money off of their labor. It prevents others from taking their work for free. It also prevents people from altering the work without permission.

13 What is Copyright? Breaking copyright law is called “Copyright infringement” And it can have severe consequences.

14 What Can Be Protected? Literary Works Literary Works Musical Works / Sound Recordings Musical Works / Sound Recordings Dramatic Works Dramatic Works Choreographic Work Choreographic Work Pictorial, Graphic, and Sculptural Works Pictorial, Graphic, and Sculptural Works Motion Pictures and AV Motion Pictures and AV Computer Software (Video Games) Computer Software (Video Games) Architectural Works Architectural Works

15 If There is No Copyright… The main motive for creative endeavors (money) disappears. If authors can’t make a living writing, most will not write. The main motive for creative endeavors (money) disappears. If authors can’t make a living writing, most will not write. If copyright exists but can’t be enforced, the above still happens eventually. The end result is less creative content. If copyright exists but can’t be enforced, the above still happens eventually. The end result is less creative content.

16 What Does Copyright Give Rights Holders? Economic Rights Moral Rights.

17 Economic rights The exclusive right to make money off your work and to receive money (royalties) if someone uses your work with permission. The exclusive right to make money off your work and to receive money (royalties) if someone uses your work with permission.

18 Moral rights These rights allow you to prevent anybody from using your creation ( a part or the whole) in a way you do not feel is appropriate. These rights allow you to prevent anybody from using your creation ( a part or the whole) in a way you do not feel is appropriate.

19 Copyright is Automatic There is no need to include a copyright notice. (©, 2013). There is no need to include a copyright notice. (©, 2013). The copyright is in force when the work is “fixed” which includes saving to disk or writing it on paper. The copyright is in force when the work is “fixed” which includes saving to disk or writing it on paper.

20 Flip Card Activity

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22 Randy had to write a one-page report on Derek Walcott. He copied a paragraph in his own handwriting from the World Book Encyclopedia. Is that okay?

23 Michelle was working on a science project. She found exactly what she wanted on the Internet and copied and pasted it right into her typewritten report on the project. Is that okay?

24 Simon forgot to do an SBA that was due in the morning. His friend offered to let him use one he did last school year. The friend ed the SBA to Simon. Simon changed the name on the report, printed it, and turned it in. Is that okay?

25 Is there a word for what we just discussed?

26 What is Plagiarism? Plagiarism is the use of someone’s intellectual property without giving appropriate credit. Plagiarism is the use of someone’s intellectual property without giving appropriate credit. The aim of plagiarism is to unfairly get credit for someone else’s work. The aim of plagiarism is to unfairly get credit for someone else’s work.

27 What is Plagiarism? For example a student could take someone else's work, change a few words or sequence of ideas and pass it off as their own. This is plagiarism, it is wrong and it is cheating.

28 Are plagiarism and copyright infringement the same ? Copyright infringement is a violation of the rights of a copyright holder, when material is used without permission. It is against the law. However, plagiarism is concerned with the loss of reputation when someone takes credit for your work. It is not illegal but it is wrong and can have consequences.

29 Real world consequences of plagiarismReal world consequences of plagiarism. Real world consequences of plagiarism

30 How to avoid Plagiarism Read the source document and make notes in your own words. Read the source document and make notes in your own words. Use the information to develop your own ideas. Use the information to develop your own ideas. Use several different sources of information rather than relying on one or two sources. Use several different sources of information rather than relying on one or two sources.

31 How to avoid Plagiarism Acknowledge the source of any ideas opinions or theories that are not your own. Acknowledge the source of any ideas opinions or theories that are not your own. Indicate when you are quoting or paraphrasing another person’s words. Indicate when you are quoting or paraphrasing another person’s words. Use several different sources of information rather than relying on one or two sources. Use several different sources of information rather than relying on one or two sources. State the source of any piece of information that are not common knowledge including statistics, graphs, charts, drawings and photographs. State the source of any piece of information that are not common knowledge including statistics, graphs, charts, drawings and photographs.

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33 What is Fair Use? Use of material for criticism, parody, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Use of material for criticism, parody, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Limitations apply. This includes consideration of the purpose, nature, amount and substantiality, and the effect of the use on potential value of work. Limitations apply. This includes consideration of the purpose, nature, amount and substantiality, and the effect of the use on potential value of work.

34 More Fair Use You can use excerpts from a book to write a review of it. However, you can’t reproduce whole chapters of the book for reviewing purposes without permission. You can use excerpts from a book to write a review of it. However, you can’t reproduce whole chapters of the book for reviewing purposes without permission. A class dealing with film studies can screen a movie without payment for study purposes. However, no admission can be charged and only students in the class can attend the screening. A class dealing with film studies can screen a movie without payment for study purposes. However, no admission can be charged and only students in the class can attend the screening. This is a difficult area that can get people in trouble. Consult an attorney if you are in doubt… This is a difficult area that can get people in trouble. Consult an attorney if you are in doubt…

35 How Long Does Copyright Last? A copyright last for life plus 70 years for individuals for anything on or after A copyright last for life plus 70 years for individuals for anything on or after A copyright lasts for 95 years for corporate authors after publication for anything on or after (It is 120 years after creation if not published.) A copyright lasts for 95 years for corporate authors after publication for anything on or after (It is 120 years after creation if not published.) Works published before 1978 and after 1923 are protected for 95 years. Works published before 1978 and after 1923 are protected for 95 years.

36 Public Domain Anything in the public domain is useable by anyone in any way that they want. No one owns it. Anything in the public domain is useable by anyone in any way that they want. No one owns it. Everything published before 1923 is in the public domain. Everything published before 1923 is in the public domain. US federal works are in the public domain. US federal works are in the public domain. Authors can choose to put work in the public domain by including a notice that the item is in the public domain. Authors can choose to put work in the public domain by including a notice that the item is in the public domain.

37 Creative Commons License A Creative Commons license lets you dictate how others may use your work. The Creative Commons license allows you to keep your copyright but allows others to copy and distribute your work provided they give you credit and only on the conditions you specify.

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