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In your own words, please answer: 1. What is a copyright? 2. What does a copyright protect?

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Presentation on theme: "In your own words, please answer: 1. What is a copyright? 2. What does a copyright protect?"— Presentation transcript:

1 In your own words, please answer: 1. What is a copyright? 2. What does a copyright protect?

2 And the United States Government

3 Topics that We Will Discuss: What is Copyright? What Can Be Copyrighted? When was the Copyright established in the United States? How Long Does Copyright Last? What is in the Public Domain? What is Fair Use? Alternatives to Copyright Copyright in the News (MP3s, Copyright Extension) Copyright in the Supreme Court

4 What is Copyright? Copyright allows authors, musicians, artists, etc. to make money off of their labor. It prevents others from taking there work for __1___. It also prevents people from altering the work ______2_______. Powerpoint Slide Courtesy of: Lorenzen, Michael. "Copyright Basics." Lesson Plans at LibraryInstruction.com Web. 23 Sept Permission for use given on site.

5 Why Do We Have Copyrights? Hmm…

6 Why Do We Have Copyrights? The main motive for creative endeavors (__1___) disappears without copyrights. If copyright exists but cant be ___2____, the above still happens eventually. Powerpoint Slide Courtesy of: Lorenzen, Michael. "Copyright Basics." Lesson Plans at LibraryInstruction.com Web. 23 Sept Permission for use given on site.

7 When Were Copyrights Established in the United States? Hint… A long time ago.

8 United States Constitution, 1787 Article 1, Section 8, Clause 8 states… To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries. Text Courtesy of the US Library of Congress: od1(bdsdcc+c0801))

9 What Can Be Protected Under Copyright Today? ___1___ Works Musical Works Dramatic Works _____2_____ Work Pictorial, Graphic, and Sculptural Works Motion Pictures _____3_____ Architectural Works Powerpoint Slide Courtesy of: Lorenzen, Michael. "Copyright Basics." Lesson Plans at LibraryInstruction.com Web. 23 Sept Permission for use given on site.

10 What Does Copyright Give Rights Holders? Right to reproduce the work. Right to distribute copies for ___1__. Right to display musical and artistic works ___2___. Powerpoint Slide Courtesy of: Lorenzen, Michael. "Copyright Basics." Lesson Plans at LibraryInstruction.com Web. 23 Sept Permission for use given on site.

11 How Long Does Copyright Last? A copyright last for life plus 70 years for individuals for anything on or after A copyright lasts for 95 years for corporate authors after publication for anything on or after (It is 120 years after creation if not published.) Works published before 1978 and after 1923 are protected for 95 years. Powerpoint Slide Courtesy of: Lorenzen, Michael. "Copyright Basics." Lesson Plans at LibraryInstruction.com Web. 23 Sept Permission for use given on site.

12 Copyright is Automatic There is no need to include a copyright __1___. (©, 2003). However, it is a good idea to do so due to ignorance. The copyright is in force when the work is fixed which includes _____2_____ or writing it on paper. Powerpoint Slide Courtesy of: Lorenzen, Michael. "Copyright Basics." Lesson Plans at LibraryInstruction.com Web. 23 Sept Permission for use given on site.

13 What is Public Domain? Public domain refers to the total absence of copyright protection for a creative work (such as a book, painting, photograph, movie, poem, article, piece of music, product design or computer program). Definition courtesy of The Linux Information Project (LINFO)

14 Public Domain Anything in the public domain is useable by anyone in any way that they want. No one __1__ it. Everything published before __2__ is in the public domain. US ___3___ works are in the public domain. Authors can choose to put work in the public domain by including a notice that the item is in the public domain. Powerpoint Slide Courtesy of: Lorenzen, Michael. "Copyright Basics." Lesson Plans at LibraryInstruction.com Web. 23 Sept Permission for use given on site.

15 Public Domain Examples Project Gutenberg (many sites including places classics in the public domain online which are scanned by volunteers. The US Federal Government search engine FirstGov (http://www.firstgov.gov/) indexes public domain government info.http://www.firstgov.gov/ Most works published prior to 1923 are not online and are unlikely to be put online in the future do to the costs of scanning and hosting and the difficulty of profiting from this work. Powerpoint Slide Courtesy of: Lorenzen, Michael. "Copyright Basics." Lesson Plans at LibraryInstruction.com Web. 23 Sept Permission for use given on site.

16 What is Fair Use? Use of material for criticism, comment, news reporting, ___1____, scholarship, and ___2___. Limitations apply. Powerpoint Slide Courtesy of: Lorenzen, Michael. "Copyright Basics." Lesson Plans at LibraryInstruction.com Web. 23 Sept Permission for use given on site.

17 More Fair Use You can use excerpts from a ___1__ to write a review of it. A class dealing with film studies can screen a movie without __2____ for study purposes. Difficult area that can get people in trouble. Consult an attorney if you are in doubt… Powerpoint Slide Courtesy of: Lorenzen, Michael. "Copyright Basics." Lesson Plans at LibraryInstruction.com Web. 23 Sept Permission for use given on site.

18 Alternatives to Copyright Licenses – Creators can retain copyright but allow people to use content under certain terms. Open License – Others can use but must credit original source. Further, any version that others create must also have the open license and be useable by others as well. Example: (http://www.wikipedia.org/). Powerpoint Slide Courtesy of: Lorenzen, Michael. "Copyright Basics." Lesson Plans at LibraryInstruction.com Web. 23 Sept Permission for use given on site.

19 Copyright in the News Many object to recent ____1___ of copyright terms. Recent legislation extended copyright terms keeping pre-1923 as the beginning of the public domain. Powerpoint Slide Courtesy of: Lorenzen, Michael. "Copyright Basics." Lesson Plans at LibraryInstruction.com Web. 23 Sept Permission for use given on site.

20 Copyright in the Supreme Court New York Times Co. v. Tasini (2001) Decision by the United States Supreme Court on the issue of copyright in the contents of a ________1______.

21 MP3 Files And of course, the widespread piracy of __1__ and __2___ has resulted in a crackdown by the respective industries. Powerpoint Slide Courtesy of: Lorenzen, Michael. "Copyright Basics." Lesson Plans at LibraryInstruction.com Web. 23 Sept Permission for use given on site.

22 Points to Remember… Copyright allows authors, musicians, artists, etc. to make money off of their labor. It prevents others from taking there work for free. Copyrights extend to many different mediums, including multimedia. Copyrights were established in the US with the Constitution, and have been enforced through the Supreme Court. Individuals can opt to put their work in the Public Domain.

23 QUESTIONS??? Ask now! Okay, we gave you a chance! Now, clear your desk except for a black pen or a pencil!


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