Presentation on theme: "The Battle of Trenton And the Victory at Princeton."— Presentation transcript:
The Battle of Trenton And the Victory at Princeton
The Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence was signed and adopted on July 4 th, 1776 This represented an official declaration of war against the British Government
Early Battles Most early battles involved few troops – Bunker Hill 2,200 British 1,200 Americans The British had not won a decisive battle over the Patriots Summer of 1776 – British sent 32,000 troops to New York – General Howe hoped that the huge army would convince the Patriots to give up
Fighting in New York Long Island – Washington had fewer than 20,000 troops But they were determined to fight – Continental Army was outnumbered They suffered heavy losses – Americans ran short on supplies Casualties – British – 400 – American - 1500 Washington retreats to Manhattan then to New Jersey and on to Pennsylvania
Nathan Hale Hero at Long Island – Teacher from Connecticut – Disquised as a Dutch Schoolteacher – Wanted to spy on British Hale was discovered and hanged – “I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.” – Nathan Hale
A Low Point Winter of 1776 – 1777 – Continental Army dwindles – Soldiers went home or deserted Washington wrote his brother – If new soldiers were not recruited soon, “I think the game is pretty near up.” Washington could not believe that the fight for liberty would truly fail.
African Americans Join the Fight Continental Army needed soldiers – Estimated 5,000 African- American joined the Patriots – Enslaved Africans who had run away – Fought to earn their freedom By wars end, all colonies except South Carolina had enlisted African Americans
The Winter of 1776-1777 General Howe took his troops to New York for the Winter – He left New Jersey in the hands of the Hessians Howe’s delay allowed Washington to gather reinforcements – Thomas Paine said, “These are the times that try men’s souls.” – He urged Patriots to remain loyal to their cause
The Battle of Trenton Washington plans a surprise attack on the Hessians December 25, 1776 – Washington and his men cross the Delaware River into Trenton 2,500 Men Lasted less than 1 hour – Patriots captured more than 900 Hessians – Only 5 American Cassualties The victory boosted American Spirits
On to Princeton Washington was not satisfied – Patriots march toward Princeton January 2, 1777 – Patriots keep campfires burning – Left camp under the cover of night – The encircled the British Troops Princeton was another victory for the Patriots – “It is a fine fox chase, my boys!” – George Washington
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