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The Battle of Trenton And the Victory at Princeton.

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Presentation on theme: "The Battle of Trenton And the Victory at Princeton."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Battle of Trenton And the Victory at Princeton

2 The Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence was signed and adopted on July 4 th, 1776 This represented an official declaration of war against the British Government

3 Early Battles Most early battles involved few troops – Bunker Hill 2,200 British 1,200 Americans The British had not won a decisive battle over the Patriots Summer of 1776 – British sent 32,000 troops to New York – General Howe hoped that the huge army would convince the Patriots to give up

4 Fighting in New York Long Island – Washington had fewer than 20,000 troops But they were determined to fight – Continental Army was outnumbered They suffered heavy losses – Americans ran short on supplies Casualties – British – 400 – American Washington retreats to Manhattan then to New Jersey and on to Pennsylvania

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6 Nathan Hale Hero at Long Island – Teacher from Connecticut – Disquised as a Dutch Schoolteacher – Wanted to spy on British Hale was discovered and hanged – “I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.” – Nathan Hale

7 A Low Point Winter of 1776 – 1777 – Continental Army dwindles – Soldiers went home or deserted Washington wrote his brother – If new soldiers were not recruited soon, “I think the game is pretty near up.” Washington could not believe that the fight for liberty would truly fail.

8 African Americans Join the Fight Continental Army needed soldiers – Estimated 5,000 African- American joined the Patriots – Enslaved Africans who had run away – Fought to earn their freedom By wars end, all colonies except South Carolina had enlisted African Americans

9 The Winter of General Howe took his troops to New York for the Winter – He left New Jersey in the hands of the Hessians Howe’s delay allowed Washington to gather reinforcements – Thomas Paine said, “These are the times that try men’s souls.” – He urged Patriots to remain loyal to their cause

10 The Battle of Trenton Washington plans a surprise attack on the Hessians December 25, 1776 – Washington and his men cross the Delaware River into Trenton 2,500 Men Lasted less than 1 hour – Patriots captured more than 900 Hessians – Only 5 American Cassualties The victory boosted American Spirits

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13 On to Princeton Washington was not satisfied – Patriots march toward Princeton January 2, 1777 – Patriots keep campfires burning – Left camp under the cover of night – The encircled the British Troops Princeton was another victory for the Patriots – “It is a fine fox chase, my boys!” – George Washington

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