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Presentation on theme: "PENGANTAR TEKNIK INDUSTRI"— Presentation transcript:

Ir. Moehamad Aman, MT Yun Arifatul Fatimah, ST., MT

2 TUJUAN Memahami latar belakang sejarah berdiri dan perkembangan disiplin Teknik Industri (Industrial Engineering), serta memahami secara garis besar metode-metode Teknik Industri dalam upaya peningkatan efektivitas, efisiensi maupun produktivitas kerja.

3 MATERI 1.Engineering dan Industrial Engineering 2.Historis, konsep, ruang lingkup, dan peranan disiplin Teknik Industri 3.Aliran konvensional Teknik Industri : Scientific Management dan Administrative and Behavior Management : a. Teknik tata cara b. Perancangan dan pengukuran kerja c. Principle of Motion Economy d. Administrative Management e. Human Relationship f. Behavioral Sciences

4 MATERI 4. Pengaruh Management Science/Operations Research dalam perkembangan disiplin Teknik Industri a. Classical Quantitative Approach (matematika dan statistik) b. Operation Research Model c. Simulation Model 5. Pengaruh Pendekatan Sistem Integral dalam perkembangan disiplin Teknik Industri a. Model proses bisnis dalam suatu organisasi b. Pendekatan Sistem Integral c. Studi kasus: tahap-tahap dalam perancangan sistem manufaktur d. Studi kasus: tahap-tahap dalam perancangan sistem jasa 6. Kurikulum Teknik Industri UMM 7. Profesi, Etika, Kompetensi, dan Profil Sarjana Teknik Industri

5 PUSTAKA 1. Turner, Wayne C., (1993). Introduction to Industrial and System Engineering. Prentice Hall, Inc. 2. Hicks, Philip E. (1994). Industrial Engineering and Management: A New Perspective.  McGraw-Hill, Tokyo. 3. Emerson,and Naehring (1988). Origins of Industrial Engineering. Institute of Industrial Engineering. 4. Miller, David M. and J. W. Schmidt (1984). Industrial Engineering and Operation Research. John Wiley, Singapore. 5. Sritomo Wignjosoebroto, (2002). Pengantar Teknik dan Manajemen Industri. Widya Guna, Surabaya.

6 What is Industrial Engineering?
Industrial Engineering is concerned with the design of production systems. The Industrial Engineer analyzes and specifies integrated components of people, machines, and facilities to create efficient and effective systems that produce goods and services beneficial to mankind.

7 Anywhere there is a "value-added" enterprise, there is a production process.
The IE focuses on "how" a product is made or "how" a service is rendered. The goal of Industrial Engineering is improving the "how."

8 Industrial Engineering is
Designing, operating and improving the performance of systems of people, materials, and equipment. IEs use their skills in mathematical, physical and social sciences together with their special knowledge in design, computer modeling and manufacturing. IE’s regularly interact with people on projects and teams to solve industrial problems. They often have opportunities to quickly move into management positions.

9 In general engineers are concerned with the analysis and design of systems.
Electrical Engineers are concerned with electrical systems, Mechanical Engineers are concerned with mechanical systems, Chemical Engineers are concerned with chemical systems, and so forth. Industrial Engineers are concerned with production systems. In general, engineering is the application of science and mathematics to the development of products and services useful to mankind. Industrial Engineering focuses on the "way" those products and services are made, using the same approaches that other engineers apply in the development of the product or service, and for the same purpose.

10 What Makes Industrial Engineering different from other engineering disciplines?
Fundamentally, Industrial Engineering has no basic physical science like mechanics, chemistry, or electricity. Also because a major component in any production system is people, Industrial Engineering has a person portion, the human aspect is called ergonomics, although elsewhere it is called human factors. A more subtle difference between Industrial Engineering than other engineering disciplines is the concentration on discrete mathematics. IE's deal with systems that are measured discretely, rather than metrics which are continuous.

11 What are the basic sciences for Industrial Engineering?
The fundamental sciences that deal with methodology are mathematical sciences, namely mathematics, statistics, and computer science. System characterization thus employ mathematical, statistical, and computer models and methods and give direct rise to Industrial Engineering tools such as optimization, stochastic processes, and simulation. Industrial Engineering specialty courses therefore use these "basic sciences" and the IE tools to understand traditional production elements as economic analysis, production planning, facilities design, materials handling, manufacturing systems and processes, job analysis, and so forth.

12 What are the specialties of Industrial Engineering?
Industrial Engineering at the undergraduate level is generally seen as a composition of four areas. First is operations research, which provides methods for the general analysis and design of systems. Operations Research (OR) includes optimization, decision analysis, stochastic processes, and simulation. Production generally includes such aspects as economic analysis, production planning and control, quality control, facilities design, and other aspects of world-class manufacturing. Third is manufacturing processes and systems. Manufacturing process deals directly with materials forming, cutting, shaping, planning, etc. Manufacturing systems focus on the integration of manufacturing process, usually through computer control and communications. Finally ergonomics deals with the human equation. Physical ergonomics view the human as a biomechanical device while informational ergonomics examines the cognitive aspects of humans.

13 (Automotive, Pharmaceutical, chemical, and others)
Where do IEs work? (Automotive, Pharmaceutical, chemical, and others) Design & operate production lines, manufacturing processes, and inventory systems Make production plans Control and assure quality

14 Where do IEs work? Consulting Industry
Assisting companies in solving their people, material and equipment related problems using Computer simulation models for performance analysis Statistical and optimization models for system design and control

15 Where do IEs work? Transportation Industry
(Airlines, Port Authorities) Airport operations - monorail Container port terminals, maritime transportation Highway operations planning

16 (UPS, Fedex,Postal Service)
Where do IEs work? Distribution Systems (UPS, Fedex,Postal Service) Designing efficient package delivery systems Package sorting systems Managing distribution networks

17 Where do IEs work? Hospital management
Health Care Systems (Hospitals, Insurance Companies) Hospital management Scheduling and capacity planning Health care cost reduction and quality improvement

18 Where do IEs work? Information Technology (Automation, E-Commerce)
Designing factory automation Controlling systems and processes using computers Designing computerized distribution center operations


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