Purposes Of Fitness Testing l To educate the patient about their present fitness relative to health-related standards as well as age and gender matched norms.
l Providing the data that is helpful in writing responsible and physiologically meaningful exercise prescriptions & which is matched with the patient’s pathologies.
l Collection of data over time which provides evidence of progress and training for the patient.
l To provide motivation to the patient by establishing reasonable and attainable fitness goals.
l Helps the exercise leader to evaluate intensity of the exercise program relative to the patient’s risk profile.
Patient Pre-Test Instructions l The patient should have completed the PAR-Q before coming to the clinic for testing. l Wear loose fitting comfortable clothing for the test.
l Drink plenty of fluids 24-hours prior to coming for the test. l Avoid tobacco, alcohol, caffeine and food at least 3- hours prior to the test.
l Avoid exercise on the day of the test. l Make sure that they are adequately rested the night before the test.
Body Composition l Hydrostatic Weighing l Plethysmography l Body Mass Index (kg bw /Hgt m 2 ) l Waist c /Hip c Circumference l Waist Circumference l Skinfold Measurements l Bioelectrical Impedance
l For any method used to assess body composition, the patient should : l Avoid caffeine, ETOH, diuretics l Void completely before assessment l No food or drink x 4 hrs. before test l Avoid exercise x 12 hrs. before test
Some Field Tests That Are Commonly Used To Assess Fitness l Astrand-Ryhming Ergometer Test l Cooper’s 1.5 Mile Run l Cooper’s 12-minute Test l Fisher-Fairbanks Walking Test l Sharkey’s Step test l Rockport One-Mile Walking Test
Monitoring & Precautions l Heart rate l Blood pressure l RPE - Borg Scale l Subjective symptoms - SOB, diaphoresis, chest pain, unusual fatigue, nausea, changed vision, vomiting, etc.
Reasons To Stop An Exercise Test l Onset of angina l Drop in systolic BP or failure to rise when load is increased l BP >260/115 mm Hg l Signs of poor perfusion - cyanosis, dizziness, confusion, light-headedness, ataxia, etc.
l Failure of HR to rise with increased workload l Noticeable change in heart rhythm l Subject requests to stop l Severe fatigue l Equipment failure
Other Tests l Evaluations Of Muscle Strength l 1 RM l 6 RM l 10 RM l Muscular Endurance l Flexibility l Sit and Reach test