Presentation on theme: "Artistic and Literature in Spanish America Tomás Eloy Martínez Dra. Patricia Nigro."— Presentation transcript:
Artistic and Literature in Spanish America Tomás Eloy Martínez Dra. Patricia Nigro
Tomás Eloy Martínez(1934-2010) Film critic for La Nación. Primera Plana and Panorama: political magazines. Página 12. He was a teacher at Rutgers University, New Jersey. Columnist for The New York Times and La Nación. His most important novels are La novela de Perón (1985) and Santa Evita (1995).
Tomás Eloy Martínez (1934-2010) He was born in Tucumán. He got his degree in Latin American and Spanish Literature. Film critic for La Nación.(1957-1961) Editor in chief of Primera Plana (1962- 1969) and Panorama (1970-1972): both political magazines. Director of La Opinión Literary Supplement. (1972-1975) Between 1975 and 1983, he lived in exile in Caracas, Venezuela.
He founded two journals El Diario de Caracas and Siglo XXI in México. (1977- 1979) He also created the Cultural Supplement of Página 12. (1991- 1995) Since 1996, he became columnist for The New York Times Syndicate, El País (Spain) and La Nación. Tomás Eloy Martínez (1934-2010)
He was a teacher at University of Maryland. (1984-1987) Since 1995 till his death, he took a position as distinguished professor and director of the Latin American Studies program at Rutgers University, New Jersey. Tomás Eloy Martínez (1934-2010)
Tomás Eloy Martínez: a writer His most important novels are La novela de Perón (1985) and Santa Evita (1995). He won the Alfaguara award for El vuelo de la reina (2002). In 2009, he became a member of National Journalism Academy. He was one of the teachers of Fundación para un Nuevo Periodismo, created by his friend Gabriel García Márquez.
Tomás Eloy Martínez: a writer Santa Evita, the story of what happened with her body after Perón outhrown in 1955, was translated to 32 languages and published in 50 countries (1995). Its Argentinian best seller novel.
Tomás Eloy Martínez: his writing style La pasión según Trelew (1974) was part of the journalistic movement the New Journalism because it is a journalistic report to find the truth of what was called the “Trelew masacre” (Trelew manslought) (1972).
Tomás Eloy Martínez: his writing style True fiction: to take historical people and facts and write a novel about them. New Journalism: to use literary techniques to tell the thruth of any fact. E. g. Truman Capote’s In cold blood.
Tomás Eloy Martínez: his writing style A novel was, in his own words, a full freedom statement and so a novelist can manage reality as he needs it. He agrees with Hayden White that narratives could be considered the key to work out the problem of transforming knowledge into language. He tried to reach something that couldn’t be reached in another way: the story behind the history. He tells fictional events as if they were real facts.
Tomás Eloy Martínez: his ideas His main subject is Argentinians history, our identity, the political events we have suffered, our people and our leaders. He was trying to find who we are and why we are by writing novels, articles and by teaching about our best writers. He did not write non fiction but stories full of historical characters.
Tomás Eloy Martínez: his ideas Every great writer of Latin America was once a journalist: Hernández, Borges, Arlt, Gabriel García Márquez (Colombia), Juan Carlos Onetti (Uruguay), Augusto Roa Bastos (Paraguay), Alfonso Reyes (México), José Martí (Cuba)...
Every great journalist become sooner or later in a great writer. He said: “What I write is what I am, and if I am not faithful to myself, I can’t be faithful to my readers.” “Only what is written is historical.” (Robin Collingwood). It means what is written is permanent. Tomás Eloy Martínez (1934-2010)
Tomás Eloy Martínez: his ideas Courage is needed to write and to talk about reality. Journalism has two goals: taking care of the language (its tool) and its ethic. Journalists don’t need to reconcile with nobody and with nothing. A journalist must constantly think about his reader. He must be honest, research a lot, be faithful to the truth no matter what.
Tomás Eloy Martínez: his ideas Journalism is a way of thinking, of creating, of helping people to have a better life. Journalists are privileged witnesses. It is important to keep calm and to have eyes wide open. Justice and freedom should not be separated. In fact, this is what democracy means.