Presentation on theme: "1 Allan Chiang, S.B.S. Privacy Commissioner for Personal Data 8 July 2013 Asian Privacy Scholars Network Conference Balance between Access to Public Domain."— Presentation transcript:
1 Allan Chiang, S.B.S. Privacy Commissioner for Personal Data 8 July 2013 Asian Privacy Scholars Network Conference Balance between Access to Public Domain Information and the Protection of Personal Data
2 Sources of Public Domain Information Companies register Land register Register of vehicles SFC’s register of licensed persons and registered institutions Notice of intended marriage Register of voters
3 Judiciary’s daily cause list Judiciary’s cause book Government gazette Telephone directory Professional or business directory, listing or notice Sources of Public Domain Information
4 Correction: Personal data, be it publicly available or not, is subject to protection under the PDPO Myth: Public Domain Information is Open to Unrestricted Use
5 Use Limitations DPP3: unless the data subject has given prior consent, personal data shall be used for the purpose for which they were originally collected or a directly related purpose
6 Personal Data in Public Domain still Subject to PDPO Government confirmed LRC’s view “putting personal data in the public domain does not make the data available for use for any purpose” Hon Chu JA in Re Hui Kee Chun, CACV 4/2012 DPP3 “is directed against the misuse of personal data and it matters not that the personal data involved has been published elsewhere or is publicly available”
7 Implications of Unfettered Use of Data Privacy intrusion in general Insufficient or no control over data security, accuracy, retention Function creep, e.g. direct marketing, profiling Identity theft, stalking and surveillance etc.
8 Use Limitations DPP3: unless the data subject has given prior consent, personal data shall be used for the purpose for which they were originally collected or a directly related purpose
9 Use Limitations Original purpose: explicit SFC’s register: Security & Futures Ordinance “ For the purposes of enabling any member of the public to ascertain whether he is dealing with a licensed person or a registered institution in matters of or connected with any regulated activity and to ascertain the particulars of the licence or registration of such person or institution (as the case may be), the register shall be made available for public inspection…”
10 Original purpose: explicit Government telephone directory: an explicit use restriction to the effect that the information (government officials’ names and contact details) is not intended to be used for direct marketing activities and the information should not be transferred for commercial gains Use Limitations
11 Use Limitations Original purpose: implied Register of vehicles is established under the Road Traffic (Registration and Licensing of Vehicles) Regulation “to provide for the regulation of road traffic and the use of vehicles and roads (including private roads) and for other purposes connected therewith” Hence permitted use of personal data should relate to traffic and transport matters
12 Use Limitations Directly related purpose Data subject’s reasonable expectation: Assessed on a case by case basis Take into account specific context of data collection and sensitivity of data Will a reasonable person in the data subject’s situation finds the data re-use unexpected, inappropriate or otherwise objectionable based on the context of the data collection?
13 Vehicle owner Company director Property owner Hypothetical Scenarios for DPP3 Application
14 Privacy rights Other rights Public interests
16 Protection Measures: Examples of Good Practice Vehicle owners particulars Administrative measures to remind applicants that personal data is provided for traffic and transport-related matters Applicants asked to declare purpose of use of personal data sought
17 Protection Measures: Examples of Good Practice Land registry Massive download of data not possible Marriage registry Notice amended in 2005 to include less data than those supplied by the marrying parties Register of voters Use of personal data for any purpose other than a purpose related to the election is an offence under the Electoral Affairs Commission Regulation
18 Protection Measures: Examples of Good Practice Government telephone directory An explicit use restriction to the effect that the information (government officials’ names and contact details) is not intended to be used for direct marketing activities and the information should not be transferred for commercial gains
19 Protection Measures: Examples of Failures Vehicle owners particulars Irrespective of whether a purpose of use of data is indicated and what purpose is indicated, C for T has to comply with the request Company register Unfettered public access to company directors’ HKID and residential addresses Land registry Unfettered public access to property owners’ identity card numbers and signatures
20 Way Ahead Education Enforcement Legislation
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