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How to Pronounce International Names RSL Retreat 2012 Stanford University.

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Presentation on theme: "How to Pronounce International Names RSL Retreat 2012 Stanford University."— Presentation transcript:

1 How to Pronounce International Names RSL Retreat 2012 Stanford University

2 Part I: General Pronunciation Rules

3 Jingyuan Chen Qingfei Luo

4 International Language Presentation - Chinese

5 汉 漢 Simplified Traditional Pin Yin

6 Qingfei /t ʃ / Cheek Xu Tao / ʃ / /au/ She Cow Cao /ts/ Hats

7 Zhang Ziyi /d ʒ / /dz/ Java Kids Debiao Li /ə//ə/ Idea Hou Zi So Kids / ə u/ /dz/

8 Deqiang Qiu / ə //t ʃ / /i ə u/ Idea Cheek yo-yo Chunlei /u ə n/ when Scott Hsieh (Xie) She Yes / ʃ / /ie/

9 Useful Pinyin Pronunciation Tool

10 Acknowledge Wikipedia & Baidu Baike (Chinese Wikipedia)

11 Ives Levesque Thomas Christen

12 La prononciation des noms français Ives Levesque Thomas Christen

13 Survol (overview) Relatively close to English pronunciation – Most differences are subtle Vowel sounds are a bit different Dropped letters (mainly at the end of names) Accents (é, è, ô, …) Letter combinations (an, on, ch, …) Male/Female variants Many exceptions…

14 François “Throaty” “nasal” inflexion soft “wah” Françoise

15 Bérengère “throaty” “nasal” inflexion soft flat, as in “meh”

16 Bragi Sveinsson

17 Names in Icelandic Emphasis is almost always on first syllable Icelandic letters: – Þ: Th (as in thought) – ð: Th (as in this) – Æ: I (as in like) – Ö: U (as in sun) – All vowels can have acute accents: á (ow), é (ye), í (ee), ó (o), ú (oo)

18 Names in Icelandic R is trilled (rolled) G is often almost silent when in between two vowels Some other interesting facts: – Naming system is patronymic – no family names: [Name] [Name of father] + son/dóttir (son/daughter) Bragi Sveinsson – Last names not used much – if you refer to someone by last name, people will look at you weird

19 Prachi Pandit Manoj Saranathan Urvi Vyas

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21 Two major language groups – Dravidian and Indo-Aryan (Australo-asiatic, Tibeto- Burman) – Roughly North vs. South (74% vs 24%) – Indo Aryan languages are derived from Sanskrit, Dravidian from Tamil/proto Dravidian – Very different grammar and sound rules

22 Some rules English transliteration is very arbitrary – e.g zh as in pazham found in Tamil/Malayalam ‘a’ sound is more common than Ah or h – E.g. ravi shankar is not rAvi shankAr Stress is usually equally distributed unlike English (unless it is not) Vowel ending names are usually feminine and consonant ending names masculine – A and I sounding (e.g. prachi, urvi, preeti, lat) – Consonant ending (e.g. manoj, prasheel) Indians conflate v and w

23 Interactive game

24 RSL Examples prAchI pandit urvI vyAs Preeti bAlchandani Sonal Josan Mandeep Kaur Manojkumar Saranathan

25 Tough names Mridula Maitreyi Radhika Siddhartha Nripjit Hrithik Subrahmanyan Chandrashekhar (Nobel laureate of the Chandra moon probe fame) Venkatasubramaniam

26 Uche Monu

27 Three major ethnic groups in Nigeria – Yoruba – Igbo – Hausa Within the three major language groups, there are various dialects Ndi Igbo (Igbo people) are located in the south east part of Nigeria Over 18 million Igbo speaking people Igbo people are predominantly Christians (Catholic, Anglican and Others) and their faith plays a very intrinsic role in the family, community and the naming culture

28 Consonants: The Igbo alphabet has a lot of compound consonants (ch, gb, gw, gh, kw, kp, nn, nw, ny) – Chinyere – Nwabugwu – Ikokwu There are also many consonants that are combined in names – Njideka – Nduka – Mbelu No two consonants stand together with the exception of “m”, “n” and “l” (these serve for emphasis) – Illoh – Nnenna – Mmadubuike Igbo Names

29 Vowels: Double vowels were traditional used in the Igbo language for vowel intensiveness – Maazi (Mazi) – Mbaamaonyeukwu (Mbama) – Ejiike (Ejike) – Mgbeeke (Mgbeke) The long and the short forms of Igbo names – Emeka or Meks (Chukwuemeka) – Niki (Nkiruka, Nkilinwa) – Chichi (Chinyere, Chisolum) – Chuks (Chukwuka, Ogochukwu)

30 All Igbo names (and Nigerian names in general) have a meaning The Igbo people give their names to reflect their extensive experiences as a nation, reflective religiosity, social sophistication, and as a tribute to their traditional tenet Examples – Market Day names: In Igbo land, there are 4 days when the market is open for shopping (Eke, Orie, Afor and Nkwo) Okeke Okorie Okafor Okonkwo Common Naming Occurrences

31 There are usually key words that serve as underlying roots in a name Chi: Spirit/luck/personal God Chioma: Good spirit/luck Chinonso: God is nearby Chukwu: God Chukwuemeka: God has done well Chukwudi: There is a God Obi: Heart Obiajulu: Heart is full of joy Obiora: Heart of the masses Nne: Mother Nnenna: Fathers mother Nneoma: Sweet mother Nna: Father Nnamdi: My father is alive Obinna: Kind to his father Oma: Fine/Good Ifeoma: Beautiful Nkeoma: That which is good

32 Juan Plata

33 RSL Retreat: Spanish Pronunciation Juan Plata

34 Vowels A as in ”apple” and not “game” or “Andy”: E as in “Bed” and not “He” I as in “ee” in teeth not “I” in Pin O like boat but stop before the w sound U silent after Q and G otherwise like “O” in “Do” Sounds “never” change but get shorter when stressed.

35 Consonants Consonants are pronounced as in English except: C before e and i (cement,cinderella) Ch always as in church and not monarch G before e and i (more like an h) H is a mute letter J (like h in hat) not as in Jello or silent LL kind of like y in yell Ñ opiNIon Q (ui, ue) U is silent R (rolled) RR (rolled strongly)

36 Rule of thumb Every Letter is pronounced Exception: H is mute and U is not sounded in some cases as explained earlier.

37 Practice Fellow RSL/ISIS members: Francisco Gimenez Luis de Sisternes Examples: Maria Alejandra Lee Lino Mejia Helena Quiñonez Guillermo Lopez Arrillaga, Junipero, Alameda de las Pulgas

38 Hien Nguyen Anh Van

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40

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42 Vietnamese alphabet is Latin-based! Nguyễn

43 Consonants “Different” consonantsEnglish closest D/Gi (Giang / Duyên)zebra Đ (Đạt)dad Kh (Khanh)??? Ng/Ngh (Nguyễn / Nghi)sing Nh (Nhàn) caipirinha Th (Thành)tea S (Sang)shine X (Xuân)sun

44 Vowels a ă â e ê i/y o ô ơ u ư Combinations Nguyễn, Châu, Khôi, Khương, Hiền, Tuấn

45 Accents a á à ạ ả ã – Khanh, Khánh (raised voice) – Thanh, Thành – Vương, Vượng – thơ, thở – Nga, ngã

46 Common Last Names Nguyễn (39%) Phạm (12.9%) Trần (9.5%) Lê (7.5%) Huỳnh/Hoàng (5.1%) Phan (4.5%) … Văn (<< 1%)

47 Names & Meaning -Hồng (Rose), Mận (Plum) - Chiến Thắng(Victory), Độc Lập(Independence), Thanh Bình (Peace), Hoài Bão (Hope) - Cát Tường (Happy & Healthy), Hương Giang (Perfume River), Trúc Quỳnh, Lam Nghi, Miên Ân

48 Part II: Examples from Lucas

49 陈 景媛陳景媛 Simplified Traditional Pin Yin Jingyuan Chen Jean Yoo-an Chen 王

50 Thomas Christen

51 Ives Levesque (Yves)

52 骆庆飞駱慶飛 Simplified Traditional Pin Yin Qingfei Luo Ching Fay Law

53 Uchechukwuka Diana Monu OO – CHAY – CHU – K(W)U –KA Uche stands for wisdom Chukwu stands for God Together: God’s mind is the best Variations: Uche/Uchenna/Uchechukwu/Uchechukwuka e.t.c Unisex name Most notable Nigerians with the name “Uche” are in sports – Ikechukwu Uche (football) – Kalu Uche (football) – Uche Okechukwu (football)

54 Nguyễn Minh Hiền (Hien Nguyen)

55 Juan Camilo Plata

56 My name Bragi Sveinsson – G is almost silent – Remember to roll the r – “Brye – yi” – “ei” in last name pronounced like “ay” – Brye-yi Svaynsson Name of the god of song and poetry worshipped in N-Europe 1000 years ago

57 V ă n Tú Anh (Anh Van)

58 urvI vyAs


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