Presentation on theme: "Sounds of Spanish. Unlike French, in Spanish you must pronounce every single letter except ‘h’. Once you have learnt the sounds of Spanish you can pronounce."— Presentation transcript:
Sounds of Spanish
Unlike French, in Spanish you must pronounce every single letter except ‘h’. Once you have learnt the sounds of Spanish you can pronounce ANY Spanish word!
In mainland Spain the letter ‘v’ is pronounced as a ‘b’, so the word holidays ‘vacaciones’ is said more like [bacaciones].
¿Puedes decir palabras con B y V? Can you say words with B and V? bajo - short (height) bueno – goodbien - well vaca – cowvivo - I live verde – greentelevisión - television
In some Spanish-Speaking countries the “ll” is pronounced like “y” in English. ¿Cómo te yamas? In other countries the “ll” is pronounced like the “j” in the word “joy”. ¿Cómo te jamas?
¿Puedes decir palabras con L y LL? Can you say words with L and LL? ¡Hola! - Hello!color – Colour luna – moonpelo – hair ala – wingloro – parrot collar – necklaceella - She billete – ticketallá - over there millón – millionpollo - chicken
In Spanish the 'r' sound is rolled when doubled 'rr', and if it's at the beginning or end of a word.
¿Puedes decir palabras con R y RR? Can you say words with R and RR? rubio – blonde río – river grande – bigpera - pear rojo – redárbol - tree arroz – riceperro - dog torre – towerarriba -above
The curly line or 'tilde' over an 'n' in Spanish means it is pronounced 'ny', like the first 'n' in 'onion'. So 'baño' (which means toilet or bath) is pronounced [banyo].
¿Puedes decir palabras con N y Ñ? Can you say words with N and Ñ? mano – hand uno – one mañana - morning/tomorrow uña - nail ¡ ñam ñam! - yum yum!
In some countries like Spain the 'j' is pronounced in the back of the throat like the 'ch' in some Scottish words like 'loch. In other countries the “j” is pronounced like the English “h” in the word “hotel”. At the end of a word the “j” is silent.
¿Puedes decir palabras con G y J? Can you say words with G and J? garaje – garagegato – cat reloj - watch goma - rubber mujer – womanguitarra – guitar jamón – hamgorro - woolly hat ojo – eye*ángel – angel * The letter “g” followed by the vowels e and i make the sound of the letter “h” in English
Spanish can sound different in different regions. For example, in northern Spain people usually say 'z' like the English 'th' in 'think'. However, in most of Latin America people say 'z' like the English 's'.
¿Puedes decir palabras con C, Q y Z? Can you say words with C, Q and Z? casa – housecolor - color cuatro – fourcatorce - fourteen taza – cupcinco - five bloque – blockqueso - cheese quince - fifteen
H – this letter is never pronounced in Spanish. Eg: Hola Helena, ¿Has hablado con Hector? (Hello Helena, have you spoken to Hector?)
¿Puedes decir palabras con H? Can you say words with H? hola – hello hablo - I speak hamburgesa – hamburger huevo – egg historia - history
I/Y – these letters sound like the ‘ee’ in tree. Eg: Sí, Madrid es divertido y bonito. (Yes, Madrid is fun and beautiful.)
¿Puedes decir palabras con I/Y? Can you say words with I/Y? vino tinto – red wine sonido – sound hija – daughter geografía – Geography castillo - castle
Qu – this is pronounced like the English letter ‘K’. Eg: ¿Qué quieres?. Quiero queso por favor. (What do you want? I want cheese please.)
¿Puedes decir palabras con Q? Can you say words with Q? ¿Qué tal? - How are you? ¿Quién es? – Who is it? ¿Qué disastre! – What a disaster! ¡Qué asco! – How awful!
¡A practicar! ds/practice.shtml
Spanish uses accents or stressed letters to help with the pronunciation of words. Unlike French there is only ONE type of accent and it only goes in this direction (/) Fall your voice where you see the accent. Eg: María = Mary las matemáticas = math cómodo = comfortable
For words that don’t have visible accents the following rule applies… Stress the last syllable for words ending in a consonant. Eg: animal = animal Stress the second last syllable for words ending in a vowel. Eg: libro = book