Presentation on theme: "Xi’an Jiao tong University Stomatology Hospital"— Presentation transcript:
1Xi’an Jiao tong University Stomatology Hospital Function applianceXi’an Jiao tong University Stomatology HospitalOrthodontic DivisionWang Xiaorong
21. The basic conceptFunction appliance：Itself does not produce any mechanical power, its role is changing the orofacial muscle function together to promote development of craniofacial growth, in order to correct the mistake in the formation of malocclusion.
3The features of function appliance The impact of the use of dental and skeletal muscleUpper and lower dentition open bite separationLower jaw forward (or backward) shiftWhen swallowing, the lower lip closeSelective changes in the tooth eruption RoadDoes not affect the eruption of permanent teeth and replacement
4The development of function appliance In 1726, the French doctor Fauchard first use expansion.1771 England surgeon Hunten, the first analysis of the mandibular growth1879, the United States, "the father of Orthodontics" Kingsley, the design of a typical occlusal appliance leaps and bounds, and guide the mandibular forward, established the idea of treatment of mandibular forward.
5The development of function appliance 1880, published an article, the inclined plane treatment of mandibular retrusion deformities, carried out functional appliance precedent., Denmark and Germany Haupl of Andresen long-term cooperation and invented activator system1951, Stockfisch designed Kinetor appliance. Functional appliance with the expansion of the combination of helical spring. Function of the maxillofacial region had a significant impact on orthopedics.
6The development of function appliance Balters designed Biology regulator in 1960.Frankel has designed functional regulator in 1967.In late 80's our country are carrying out the functional orthopedic treatment.
7Principle of Functional appliance To the mouth and maxillofacial muscle function to stimulate and guide the bone growth of periodontal ligament receptors in biological regulation, mobilization of the growth potential, to achieve the purpose of correction.
8Principle of Functional appliance Correction does not in itself have any power, but perioral muscle contractile force, passing through the appliance to the temporomandibular joint, jaw, teeth, bone and other parts, so that deformities have been corrected
9Principle of Functional appliance Recoverable through the appliance and lip cheek genioglossus muscle coordination between the power to make happen and maxillofacial soft tissue reconstruction, the re-establishment of function and form a balance between the power to the treatment of dentofacial deformity prevention purposes.
10Muscle ChangeTreatment, change the tone of facial muscles on the teeth and bones by the application of force size, direction and time, so I noodle region neuromuscular jaw environment is conducive to development and craniofacial growth.When caused by swallowing mandibular muscle contraction contribute to the establishment of normal swallowing tooth contact.
11Muscle ChangeAppliance because of retention in the mouth lax, swallowing must rely on the tongue to maintain its position, the location of the tongue back to normalEmphasize the treatment of lip closure, lip changed the location and activityIs a muscle training device.
12Change of teeth and alveolar Selectively control the vertical height of the teethInhibit anterior, promote eruption of posterior teeth, to correct deep overbite
13Change of teeth and alveolar Inhibition of posterior teeth, promoting tooth eruption before the correction of anterior open together.Vertical eruption of the teeth at the same time, you can guide them in the near distal direction, to do a small amount of buccolingual movement.
14IndicationBefore peak period of growth and development (for the early permanent dentition ）Upper and lower jaw development is not transferredFunctional types of malocclusion
16The advantages of functional appliance The unity of form and function, treatment stability and time is shortExert the body growth and development potential and development of the forces of natureWith fixed appliance used in conjunction, can simplify the second phase of treatment, to a certain extent to avoid extract teeth and orthognathic surgery, so that a more stable therapeutic effects
17Treatment procedures Diagnosis Design Occlusal reconstruction Craft Room production
18Clinical treatment Try to wear Treatment period Holding period Post-treatment
20Commonly used functional appliance oblique derivative, lip block, vestibular shieldActivatorFrankel II III
21Activator Design by Andresen.. Advance the mandible several millimeters for Class Ⅱ correction.
22Indication Growth and development of children Class Ⅱ bone (mandibular retrusion, mild maxillary protrusion)Patients with good cooperative
23Appliance structure and production Maxillary componentPlastic part：baseplateMetal parts: Transverse palatal barlabial bow
24Mandibular componentOne whole side of the tongue base, enveloping the anterior labial to 2-3mm
25baseplateThe original functional appliance design was a block of plastic covering the teeth of both arches and the palate.
26Wax Record Hop The amount of mandibular advancement overjet < 6mm，guide to cut to cut overjet > 6mm，guide in several times
27Open vertical volumeInterest only on the basis of combined space and continue to open 3 - 5mmOn the mandibular midline to be consistent
28Wear applianceWear appliance every day of not less than hours in rest time and eveningmonth active treatment period Maintain one and a half years
29activatorAngle II 1 Classification (wearing appliance into) lower jaw forward and downward (muscles by stretch and fatigue) muscle reflex to pull back in situ mandibular (upper and lower body because of this backward force on inhibition of maxillary dental arch forward development) overlapped anterior occlusal normal
30Role and the principle Mandibular protrusion Tatsu neutral relations of posterior teethFront teeth overjet the normal occlusal
31Referral should pay attention to Inspect influention second molar eruption and primary and permanent teeth to replace the plastic partWhether or not to loose bow lipsTooth surface and plastic noodle mediated the relationship between the bufferCheck active mandibular protrusion case
32the function of Activator Improvement Class II molar relationshipReduce overbite and overjet.To improve the noodle type II categoryBackward upper anteriorForward under anteriorMandibular rotation after
33function regulator，FR It was designed by German R. Frankel in 60's the 20th century, so is also known as the Frankel appliance.
34principle FR a major role at the oral part of the vestibular area Used appliance retain lip, cheek screen blocked lips, cheek muscle, so that the developing dentition avoid abnormal perioral muscle function
35principleSo that the dental arch, mandible length, width and height on three bearings to maximize developmentLip shield, buccal vestibular sulcus screen can pull Department periosteum to stimulate the growth of the Department of alveolar bone
36FR IThe appliance is utilized to promote transverse arch development both dentally and skeletally.this is accomplished by the vestibular shields removing external muscle pressure from both the maxillary and mandibular arches.Its also effective for interruption of abnormal mentalis function and promote facial development.
37FR IIThe FR II will also accomplish transverse and vertical development of both the maxillary and mandibular arches.
38FR IIIThis appliance is used to aid in the correction of Class III malocclusions. This can be achieved by retarding further development of the mandible while simultaneously allowing for the development of the maxilla to its fullest growth potential.
39FR IVThis appliance is used exclusively in Class I malocclusions where skeletal open bite,arch width deficiency,or abnormal muscle function are present.
40FR VIt is a modification of the FR II and as such is intended for Class II malocclusion,particularly in cases where an increase in vertical dimension is undesirable.It is often used in conjunction with extraoral traction devices.
41FRⅢIndicationFunctional Class Ⅲ is caused by such factors as muscular disorders, bad habits, tongue, or interference.Mild skeletal class Ⅲ, maxillary hypoplasia, normal or mild mandibular protrusion, mandibular incisor to retreat to on the edge, with a favorable growth pattern, no obvious genetic history.
42BionatorIndicationMixed dentition Class Ⅱ Division 1, maxillary development of normal, functional mandibular retrusion, position on, the development of normal or mildly inadequate Noodles 1 / 3 short or normal mandibular advancement significantly improved after the type
43twin block It is plastic Upper and lower occlusal contact pad combined into a 45 'angle
44All mattress covers on the second molars and premolars together noodle, and in the second premolar in the near edge of ridge formed in the inclined plane to the near, inclined plane and combined into a 45 'angleAll coverage under the pad surface premolar area together in the second premolar distal marginal ridge formed in the far 45 'of slopeAll pads in the upper and lower second premolar area 45 'slope of the relationship between occlusal contacts and keep guide to the mandibular protrusion at the location.
45ForsusForsus appliance is a fixed appliance and common use, rapid correction of malocclusion Angle Ⅱ combined functional appliance. It can be seen as a Herbst appliance and the Jasper Jumper appliance improvements, can produce sustained, light elastic, so that the mandibular oral function in a different state at the protrusion, and mandibular growth stimulation.
46Indication 1）Functional and early bone malocclusion 2）Angle Ⅱ - maxillary protrusion and normal or mildly, moderately incisor on the lip following dump3）Angle III - mandibular who can back on the edge.
47extraoral anchorage appliances To oral external head, pillow, neck, places, submental extraoral structures such as the anti-baseOrthodontic tooth movement for three-dimensional movement on the mandibular inhibit or promote the growth and development, to change the direction of bone growth to provide sufficient anchorage capacity
49Rear traction appliance Backward force used to make teeth move or inhibit distal alveolar, mandibular forward growth of extraoral anchorage appliance deviceMainly include the face-bow, J-hook headgear
50reverseheadgearTo the amount of pads, chin pocket as composite parts Anchorage Traction stent as a mask to connect components Activity or as a fixed appliance within the mouth piece
51extraoralverticalpull Application of vertical traction to curb dental, alveolar and mandibular vertical growth direction and growth of extraoral anchorage appliance-type devices
52Extraoral traction type orthodonticforce：Are using face-bow mobile teeth, and power range is 340 ~ 450gorthopedicforce：Are mobile throughout the dental arch, and even maxillary or mandibular, maxillary on each side 800-1lOOg, lower jaw on each side g
53Traction power size and time reinforcement fmolaranchorage：Traction on each side g, can be every day with 8 hours, 10 hours or 12 hours.molardistalization300 ~ 500g traction on each side, no less than 12 hours every day.
54Traction power size and time Canine rpremolar distalizationEach side of the g. Not less than 12 hours every day.Intrusionandenmasseretraction fupperanteriorsEach side of the g, not less than 12 hours every day.
55Inhibition of forward maxillary growth: 500 ~ 800g per side Stimulate maxillary growth : g, not less than 12 hours every dayInhibition of mandibular growth: on each side 500g, not less than 12 hours every dayPerpendicular to the growth inhibition: a single molar down when each side of the g, down posterior teeth paragraph , g
56Commonly used extraoral anchorage appliance Protraction applianceOuter bow appliance
57（1） Protraction appliance Indication ：Shown deciduous, mixed dentition maxillary hypoplasia caused by anterior teeth / all teeth cross bite.
58Protraction appliance CompositionFacial device The amount of board Chin pocket Metal stentIntraoral devices baseplate
59Protraction appliance Clinical ApplicationIntraoral devices: 24 hours / day wear, removed when brushing their teethExtraoral devices: 10 ~ 12 hours / day, strength 300 ~ 500 g / side
60Function Stimulate the growth of maxillary forward Inhibit the growth of the mandibularChange the direction of mandibular growth
61Protraction appliance Other：If the solid potentiometer, to be used in adhesive-type, base adhesive on the teeth. If the maxillary arch narrow, can be expansion, and then traction.
62（2） Outer bow appliance1）Indications ：Excessive maxillary development, up near molar displacement, maximum anchorage 2）Frame ：Intraoral devices: on the first molar band. Extraoral devices: Headgear high, medium and low face-bow: bow inside and outside the 10 ~ 30 degree angle
63Outer bow appliance Device composed of head: headgear or neck strap. Face device: face-bowRubber band
64Outer bow appliance 3）Clinical Application ： Headgear ：In accordance with the requirements of different locations (high, medium and low) Face-bow: long, medium and short.Traction: tooth movement or increase the anchorage 150 grams / lateral maxillary development restrictions on 300 ~ 500 g / side
65Outer bow appliance4）function：Pushed to the distal molar movement; restrictions maxillary developmental; increase anchoragetraction in the front (in the maxillary extraoral arch welding on Hook, led by the lower jaw forward)
66J-hook headgearTo neck strap or headgear as anchorage components, J-shaped hook connected components as the rear traction deviceMechanism: J-shaped hook traction device SHI main arch at the front to move far from canine, premolar or incisor adduction
67summaryFunctional appliance power source is the correction of facial muscle strength, by changing the mouth facial muscle function together to promote development and growth and the correction of malocclusion.Extraoral anchorage appliance is characterized by greater access to Anchorage, at the same time, the application of orthopedic force to correct mild deformity of the mandible