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ACE Course Taster Session

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1 ACE Course Taster Session

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3  Media and resources in the Western world are under the influence of the Bible. Language and culture cannot be separated

4  Learn English through Songs  Sweat of your brow (come from Genesis 3:19 ) “By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return.”

5  Sweat of your brow is a song by black singer Jully Black (2005)  Chorus: You gotta sweat to your brow, You and me break Step to the right and Step to the left Gotta sweat to your brow, You and me break Step to the right and Step to the left Gotta sweat to your brow, You and me break Step to the right and Step to the left Gotta sweat to your brow, You and me break Step to the right and Step to the left

6  The Bible was a source of inspiration for Shakespeare ( ). He used over 1,300 documented biblical references in his plays written from Learn English through Shakespeare

7  Old Hamlet: Tis given out that, sleeping in my orchard, A serpent stung me — so the whole ear of Denmark Is by a forged process of my death Rankly abus’d — but know, thou noble youth, The serpent that did sting thy father’s life Now wears his crown.’ Hamlet (1.5)  Serpent is a symbol of sin in Genesis 3 Biblical references - imagery

8  On Abel and Cain ◦ Claudius: O, my offence is rank it smells to heaven; It hath the primal eldest curse upon't, A brother's murder. Pray can I not, Though inclination be as sharp as will: My stronger guilt defeats my strong intent; And, like a man to double business bound, I stand in pause where I shall first begin, And both neglect. What if this cursed hand Were thicker than itself with brother's blood, Is there not rain enough in the sweet heavens To wash it white as snow? Hamlet (3.3) ◦ "Come now, let us reason together," says the Lord. "Though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red as crimson, they shall be like wool.” (Isaiah 1:18) “Cleanse me with hyssop, and I will be clean; wash me, and I will be whiter than snow.” (Psalm 51:7) Biblical references - textual

9  On Job ◦ I am as poor as Job, my lord; but not so patient. Henry IV, Part 2 (1.2) ◦ Ye have heard of the patience of Job. James 5:11 (KJV) Biblical references - textual

10  Blessed are the peacemakers on earth. Henry VI, Part 2(2.1) and Matthew 5.9 (KJV)  My name be blotted from the book of life. Richard II (1.3) and Psalm (KJV)  What his heart thinks his tongue speaks. Much Ado about Nothing (3.2) and Matthew 12:34 (KJV)  Give every man thine ear, but few thy voice; Take each man ’ s censure, but reserve thy judgment. Hamlet (1.3) and James 1:19 (KJV) Biblical references - textual

11  On World’s AIDS Day 2006, Barack Obama gave the following speech: “…we can embrace another tradition to our politics and our community—a tradition…that based on simple ideas that we got a stake in each other – that I am my brother’s keeper, and I am my sister’s keeper, and that binds us together greater than it drives us apart.” Learn English through Speeches

12  Origin of the idiom:  Then the LORD said to Cain, "Where is your brother Abel?" "I don't know," he replied. "Am I my brother's keeper?" (Genesis 4:9)

13  “…Something is happening in Memphis; something is happening in our world. And you know, if I were standing at the beginning of time, with the possibility of taking a kind of general and panoramic view of the whole of human history up to now, and the Almighty said to me, "Martin Luther King, which age would you like to live in?" I would take my mental flight by Egypt and I would watch God's children in their magnificent trek from the dark dungeons of Egypt through, or rather across the Red Sea, through the wilderness on toward the promised land. And in spite of its magnificence, I wouldn't stop there….”  I have been to the mountain top, by Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Learn English through Speeches

14  Biblical terms are seen in modern usage  An exodus of nurses will not affect the hospital’s ability to cope with patients, says the health minister. Learn English through News

15  Non-native English speakers have difficulty learning and applying idiomatic expressions  Idioms are cultural-specific and sometimes not decomposable  For example: Turn the Other Cheek

16 Which of the following phrases are taken from the Bible? 1.Go the extra mile 2.Eat, drink and be merry 3.Eat to your heart’s content 4.Double-edged sword

17 1.Walk the extra mile  Modified from Matthews 5:41 ” If someone forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles. ” 2.Eat, drink and be merry  Ecclesiastes 8:15 – First appeared in Tyndale ’ s version  Now it becomes “Eat and drink and be glad” in NIV 3.Eat to their heart’s content  “The righteous eat to their hearts’ content, but the stomach of the wicked goes hungry” (Proverbs 13:25) 4.Two-edged sword  Hebrews 4:12 – First appeared in Tyndale ’ s version

18 Which of the following phrases appeared in the Bible? 1. See eye to eye 2. Give you the shirt off my back 3. Put words in your mouth 4. Turn the other cheek 5. Eat to their heart’s content

19 1. See eye to eye  “Thy watchmen shall lift up the voice; with the voice together shall they sing: for they shall see eye to eye, when the LORD shall bring again Zion.” (Isaiah 52:8 KJV) 2. Give you the shirt off my back  And if any man will sue thee at the law, and take away thy coat, let him have thy cloak also. (Matt 5:40 KJV) 3. Put words in your mouth ◦ And come to the king, and speak on this manner unto him. So Joab put the words in her mouth. (2 Samuel 14:3 KJV) 4. Turn the other cheek  But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also. (Matt 5:39 KJV) 5. Eat to their heart’s content ◦ The righteous eat to their hearts' content (Prov 13:25 NIV)

20  Gospel of Matthew (esp. Sermon on the Mount, Matthew ch.5-7) ◦ Matthew Gospel contains a wealth of idioms  Psalms and Proverbs ◦ Rich with rhetorical devices such as parallelism ◦ Idiomatic expressions can be commonly found

21  How many idioms can you find in Proverbs 13:24-25?  24 He who spares the rod hates his son, but he who loves him is careful to discipline him. 25 The righteous eat to their hearts' content, but the stomach of the wicked goes hungry.

22  How many idioms can you find in Proverbs 13:24-25?  24 He who spares the rod hates his son, but he who loves him is careful to discipline him. 25 The righteous eat to their hearts' content, but the stomach of the wicked goes hungry.

23  How many idioms can you find from Matthew 5:38-42 ?  38 “You have heard that it was said, ‘Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.’ 39 But I tell you, Do not resist an evil person. If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also. 40 And if someone wants to sue you and take your tunic, let him have your cloak as well. 41 If someone forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles. 42 Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you.

24  How many idioms can you find from Matthew 5:38-42 ?  38 “You have heard that it was said, ‘Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.’ 39 But I tell you, Do not resist an evil person. If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also. 40 And if someone wants to sue you and take your tunic, let him have your cloak as well. 41 If someone forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles. 42 Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you.

25  How many English words and phrases first appeared in the English translations of the Bible?

26  In Coined by God (W.W. Norton & Co. 2003), a total of 139 English words and phrases that first appeared in the Bible were collected by Stanley Malless and Jeffrey McQuain.  If we included in our tally words and phrases that are modified or derived from the Bible, the list should add up to 200+.

27 For more information on biblical idioms, please visit Prof. David Jasper,Prof. David Jasper, Professor in Literature and Theology, Department of Theology and Religious Studies, author of The Bible and Literature: A Reader (with Stephen Prickett), 1999, “This is an impressive tool for scholars and anyone interested in the literature and cultural influence of the Bible. I am sure that it will be widely used as a major resource for all students and scholars.”

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31  ACE Course is a 10-week interactive English enhancement course that introduces three key areas in which the English Bible left a significant impact: Arts, Culture and Expressions.

32 Old Testament  Lesson 1: In the Beginning  Lesson 2: Mark of Cain  Lesson 3: Tower of Babel  Lesson 4: Exodus  Lesson 5: Wisdom of Solomon  Lesson 6: Patience of Job New Testament  Lesson 7: Right living  Lesson 8: Prodigal Son  Lesson 9: Last Supper  Lesson 10: Damascus Road Experience

33  Learn vocabulary and idioms  Study Bible paintings  Watch movie clips  Appreciation of hymns and songs  Reading comprehension  Oral practices  Activities such as cross word  Group discussions

34  Yes!  A refundable deposit will be returned to you if you attend 8 lessons  This is to encourage you to attend more of the classes  A certificate will be given in the last lesson

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