Presentation on theme: "June 18, 2012 Beth Ann Thorpe, LPTA, BS, CSCS – ACCE Christina Howard, MPT – Program Coordinator Marc Duyck, PT, MsEd - Instructor."— Presentation transcript:
June 18, 2012 Beth Ann Thorpe, LPTA, BS, CSCS – ACCE Christina Howard, MPT – Program Coordinator Marc Duyck, PT, MsEd - Instructor
Schedule 9:00 - Introduction and Welcome 9:15 - Physical Therapy Clinical Outcome Objectives 10:00 – Clinical Student Case Scenarios 10:30 – Break 10:45 – Scenario Discussion 11:45 – Walking Tour of Health and Wellness Building 12:00 – Buffet Lunch 1:00 – CI of the Year Award, Program Updates 1:15 - Characteristics of Effective Clinical Instructors 1:30 – Student Panel 2:15 – Fostering Student Professionalism 3:00 – Disability Resources and ADA Compliance 3:45 – Take Home Messages and Closing
Courtesy Announcements Please turn phones to vibrate or silent mode Water and coffee available through the day Restrooms are out in the hall – LOCATE Get up and move around as needed AM break time, walking tour before lunch Certificates with be e-mailed within 1-2 days along with links to documents discussed and survey Wi-Fi is available on campus through SAN1 LOGIN: L88888888, PIN: jackjane2012
Conference Objectives Understand clinical outcome objectives including Clinical Performance Instrument performance levels. Create and discuss student clinical case scenarios and identify strategies for successful resolution. Know when to contact the ACCE/DCE with clinical concerns. Recognize characteristics of an effective clinical instructor and successful clinical student. Fostering professionalism in physical therapy students Understand student rights for disability accommodations in the clinical setting.
Survey – Show of Hands How many of you are or will be: Clinical Instructors Center Coordinators of Clinical Instruction Clinic/Department Managers/Rehab Directors Academic Faculty – Instructors or ACCE/DCE Work with Pacific SPTs Work with Mount Hood SPTAs Work with Lane SPTAs Work with students from other schools or disciplines
Beth Ann Thorpe, LPTA, BS, CSCS – ACCE What is “Entry Level” for PT/PTA? Clinical Performance Instrument (CPI) Review of Bloom’s Taxonomy
What is “Entry Level?” PT Minimum Skills – Doctorate Degree Link PTA Minimum Skills – Associate Degree Link We teach general foundational knowledge for ALL settings, not specialties or in depth manual techniques for PTAs. Remember these are students, not experienced clinicians. A little humor – So You Want to Be a PT StudentSo You Want to Be a PT Student
Clinical Performance Instrument Paper or online assessment tool created by the APTA for student clinical performance. PTA CPI Web: LINKLINK Schools pay to use the online version Online version has required FREE training module through APTA Learning Center for all users CPI Indicators: 18 for SPTs, 14 for SPTAs Performance Dimensions and Rating Anchors: LINKLINK Definition of Entry Level on handout
Clinical Outcomes LCC PTA Students complete 3 clinical rotations during 2nd year; PTA 280A, B, and C (6 weeks for 216 hours) Outcome expectations are progressively increased PTA 280A: CPI 1-6 approaching I level, 8-14 approaching AB level PTA 280B: CPI 1-7 approaching AI level, 8-14 approaching I level PTA 280C: CPI 1-7 approaching E level, 8-14 approaching AI level
Bloom’s Taxonomy 3 Domains 1. Cognitive - knowledge, definition (see image below) 2. Psychomotor – skill, do it 3. Affective – attitude, value
Bloom’s Taxonomy Links Big Dog and Little Dog’s Performance Juxtaposition http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/bloom.html Iowa State University Center for Excellence in Learning and Teaching- A Model of Learning Objectives http://www.celt.iastate.edu/teaching/RevisedBlooms1. html http://www.celt.iastate.edu/teaching/RevisedBlooms1. html Bloom’s Taxonomy with an iPhone http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sdkT7nQ0WGQ&f eature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sdkT7nQ0WGQ&f eature=related
Bloom’s Cognitive PTA Example Remembering – Recite stages of gait cycle Understanding – Explain what happens at each stage Applying – Classify RLA vs Traditional descriptions Analyzing – Differentiate normal vs abnormal gait Evaluating – Correct abnormal form, weaknesses Creating – Prescribe exercise program to address gait deviations
Student Clinical Case Studies Write Individual Case - 10 minutes Use the worksheet given This can be CI-Student, Student-Patient Color paper = Challenge Color paper = Success Think about the CPI Indicators around the room
Case Study Examples Challenge – PT student in middle rotation in OP ortho completing an evaluation omitted taking vital signs but later made up values in documentation. Professional and behavioral issue. DCE was called by CI. Critical Incident report was completed. Lesson on VS and given practice in case the skill was a problem. Student ultimately continued questionable ethical behavior and failed clinical. CI was more aware of ethics and began discussing it with students. Success – PTA student in first rotation in acute was intimidated by transferring patient with multiple lines in small room. Some behavior but mostly skill issue. CI simulated catheter, O2 and IV lines in open room to have student practice. CI told ACCE at site visit about student lack of skill in this area. Line management practice in mock hospital room added the next term prior to clinical. This sharing helped entire class and CI practiced IV with students prior to multi-line patient handling.
Student Clinical Case Studies Small group discussions at your table – 15 minutes Seek/offer feedback Have any of you experienced similar?
Write on the easels on your way out: 1-2 Characteristics of an effective Clinical Instructor Characteristics of a successful clinical student
Student Clinical Case Scenarios Large Group Discussion Share 1 Success and 1 Challenge per table How often was the ACCE/DCE involved? Suggestions/Feedback
ACCE/DCE Resources Use us! When in doubt, check in. Keep phone number and e-mail handy during clinical Red Flags/Behavioral issues – sooner than later Set up a successful environment before student arrival APTA Credentialed Clinical Instructor Program APTA Guidelines and Self-Assessment for Clinical Instruction – CI LINK, CCCE LINKCI LINKCCCE LINK Have site policies, goals, manual, mentoring Welcome letter and contact prior to student arrival Possible shadow or meeting prior to start date
ACCE/DCE Resources cont’d During Clinical Thorough student orientation on day 1 - LINKLINK Set communication style/tone early on Kolb Learning Style Inventory - LINKLINK Weekly Goal Setting Meeting – LINK (sample)LINK End of the day reflections – Ask the student for 3 things that went well today and 3 things to work on Problem-Solving Algorithm - LINKLINK Critical Incident Report – LINK (sample), also onlineLINK Sample Weekly Progressions – LCC Mid-term CPI springboard for final goal setting
Characteristics of an Effective CI Patience Allow hands on practice Demonstrate techniques Allow (safe) mistakes Gear toward student learning style Good communicator EBP Role model Give feedback Supportive and encouraging Seek feedback Give appropriate but not unreasonable challenges Build confidence by allowing student to lead Be nice.
Successful Clinical Student Drive and determination Do not be too hard on yourself – allow/forgive mistakes Patience Ask questions Confidence in knowledge learned Adaptable/flexible Take feedback/criticism Write clear and concise notes Good listener Arrive early and be prepared for the day Study at home Respectful, accountable Time management
Professionalism What is considered Professional Behavior? What type of professional behaviors are expected of students? PT vs PTA? Autonomous vs semi-autonomous? How do CIs orient students who are challenged in the professional domain? APTA Guide to Professional Conduct for the PT APTA Guide to Professional Conduct for the PTA Example of conduct observed Review of Guides in small groups
Professionalism cont’d Coaching students on professional communication Verbal Non-verbal Written E-mail communications Challenges faced by programs How challenges are addressed by programs Explicit coaching Program standards
Americans with Disabilities Act Compliance Students’ Rights Disability Resources Department Procedures Increase in student requests for accommodations at the community college level Most common request is for text anxiety, time and a half for exams LCC PTA clinical outcome objectives have built in extra time that progressively lessens by final rotation.
Familiarize yourself with clinical outcome objectives, CPI indicators, student level before student arrival Meet the student where he/she is in the learning process Self-assess your performance as a site/CI/CCCE/instructor and ask for student feedback for improvement Consult with resources and ACCE/DCE for support sooner than later, especially on red flags/behaviors Create a rich learning environment with welcome letter, orientation, and communication strategies early on
Be direct with students – do not wait until mid-term to provide feedback When having discussions regarding professionalism with students, use core documents as references When it comes to professionalism, we are all works in progress Students with disabilities have rights to seek accommodations but must be able to perform essential skills. It is the responsibility of the student and the school to provide possible accommodations.
References APTA Minimum Required Skills of Physical Therapist Graduates at Entry-Level BOD G-11-05-20-48. http://www.apta.org/uploadedFiles/APTAorg/About_Us/Policies/BOD/Education/MinReqSkillsPTGrad.pdf. Accessed June 15, 2012. http://www.apta.org/uploadedFiles/APTAorg/About_Us/Policies/BOD/Education/MinReqSkillsPTGrad.pdf APTA Minimum Required Skills of Physical Therapist Assistant Graduates at Entry-Level. BOD G11-08-09-18. http://www.apta.org/uploadedFiles/APTAorg/About_Us/Policies/BOD/Education/MinReqSkillsPTGrad.pdf. Accessed June 15, 2012. http://www.apta.org/uploadedFiles/APTAorg/About_Us/Policies/BOD/Education/MinReqSkillsPTGrad.pdf. Accessed June 15 So You Want to Be a PT Student video. You Tube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vgt1Gl4pir4. Accessed June 15, 2012.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vgt1Gl4pir4 PTA CPI Web. Academic Software Plus. https://cpi2.amsapps.com/user_session/new. Accessed June 15, 2012.https://cpi2.amsapps.com/user_session/new PTA Clinical Performance Instrument. APTA, 2008. PT Clinical Performance Instrument. APTA, 2008 Bloom’s Taxonomy Cognitive Domain image. http://projects.coe.uga.edu/epltt/index.php?title=Bloom%27s_Taxonomy. Accessed June 15, 2012.http://projects.coe.uga.edu/epltt/index.php?title=Bloom%27s_Taxonomy Big Dog and Little Dog’s Performance Juxtaposition. http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/bloom.html. Accessed June 16, 2012.http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/bloom.html. Accessed June 16 A Model of Learning Objectives. Iowa State University Center for Excellence in Learning and Teaching. http://www.celt.iastate.edu/teaching/RevisedBlooms1.html. Accessed June 15, 2012. http://www.celt.iastate.edu/teaching/RevisedBlooms1.html Bloom’s Taxonomy with the iPhone. You Tube, Video. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sdkT7nQ0WGQ. Accessed June 15, 2012.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sdkT7nQ0WGQ APTA Credentialed Clinical Instructor Program. http://www.apta.org/CCIP/. Accessed June 15, 2012.http://www.apta.org/CCIP/ Guidelines for Self-Assessment for Clinical Instruction. APTA. 2004 Edition. Kolb Learning Style Inventory. Image retrieved from http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.businessballs.com/images/kolb%27s_learning_styles_businessballs.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.business balls.com/kolblearningstyles.htm&h=675&w=859&sz=138&tbnid=VxAjWuMz- MtusM:&tbnh=90&tbnw=115&zoom=1&usg=__BTY9kRRVc8EG5lZT7fXONIgryxg=&docid=xeuHq50qaha0fM&sa=X&ei=- vLeT4OTOsLu2gW04OTgAQ&ved=0CHMQ9QEwAA&dur=214. Accessed June 15, 2012. http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.businessballs.com/images/kolb%27s_learning_styles_businessballs.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.business balls.com/kolblearningstyles.htm&h=675&w=859&sz=138&tbnid=VxAjWuMz- MtusM:&tbnh=90&tbnw=115&zoom=1&usg=__BTY9kRRVc8EG5lZT7fXONIgryxg=&docid=xeuHq50qaha0fM&sa=X&ei=- vLeT4OTOsLu2gW04OTgAQ&ved=0CHMQ9QEwAA&dur=214 American Physical Therapy Association. Problem solving algorithm utilized by PTAs in patient/client intervention. In: A Normative Model of Physical Therapist Assistant Education: Version 2007. Alexandria, VA: American Physical Therapy Association; 2007:84‐85. Lane Community College Health and Wellness Building image. Building User Introduction. SRG Partnership, Inc. www.lanecc.edu/sustainability/documents/B30book.pdf. Accessed June 15, 2012. www.lanecc.edu/sustainability/documents/B30book.pdf APTA Guide to Professional Conduct for the PTA. APTA Ethics and Judicial Committee. November 2010. http://www.apta.org/uploadedFiles/APTAorg/Practice_and_Patient_Care/Ethics/GuideforConductofthePTA.pdf. Accessed June 15, 2012. http://www.apta.org/uploadedFiles/APTAorg/Practice_and_Patient_Care/Ethics/GuideforConductofthePTA.pdf APTA Guide to Professional Conduct for the PT. APTA Ethics and Judicial Committee. November 2010. http://www.apta.org/uploadedFiles/APTAorg/Practice_and_Patient_Care/Ethics/GuideforProfessionalConduct.pdf. Accessed June 15, 2012. http://www.apta.org/uploadedFiles/APTAorg/Practice_and_Patient_Care/Ethics/GuideforProfessionalConduct.pdf American With Disabilities Act of 1990. Department of Justice. http://www.ada.gov/pubs/ada.htm. Accessed June 15, 2012.http://www.ada.gov/pubs/ada.htm Shepard, K and Jensen, G. Handbook of Teaching For Physical Therapists. Second Edition. Philadelphia, PA. Butterworth and Heinemann and imprint of Elsevier. 2002