Would rather/sooner Would rather/(sooner) + V1 Present/Future I would rather (sooner) stay home than go out.
would rather + be + Ving Present I would rather be lying on the beach than studying English
Would rather (sooner) + have + V3 Unreal Past I would rather have gone to Istanbul for holiday than (have) stayed home.
Would rather/sooner + he/she/... + V2 would prefer + him/her/… + to + V1 Present I would rather he became a lawyer but she wants to be a teacher. I would prefer him to become a lawyer.
Prefer Prefer + Ving + to + (doing) I would prefer running to walking. Prefer + to + V1 + rather than + (V1) I would prefer to stay home rather than meet her. I would prefer to eat meat rather than (eat) chicken.
would rather Vs would prefer Would rather + V1 + than + V1 I would rather eat at home than eat out. Would prefer + to + V1 + (rather) than + ( V1/Ving) I would prefer to eat at home (rather) than eat/eating out.
Would prefer + noun = OK Would rather / sooner + noun = X I would prefer tea. I would rather tea.
Would rather(sooner) Vs Would prefer past Would rather + have + V3 + than + (have) + V3 I would rather have bought my own car than (have) rented cars. Would prefer + to + have + V3 + (rather) than + (have) + V3 I would prefer to have bought my own car (rather) than (have) rented cars.
Like sth better than sth I like coffee better than tea. (Means = I like coffee more than tea)
Prefer / Like in the past For past preferences if we could do it we must use prefer or liked. We CAN’T use would rather / sooner. When I was a child, I prefered playing football to (playing) basketball. When I was a child, I liked playing footbak better than playing basketball.
Used to Vs Would Used to + state verbs or action verbs. When I was a child, I used to ride a bike all day. When I was a child, I used to have toy cars. Would + action verbs When I was a child, I would/used to ride a bike.
Be + used to + Ving Present I am used to waking up early on weekdays.