During his travels, Darwin wrote thousands of pages in his journals, drew pictures of the things he saw, and collected a vast amount of ______________ that led him to propose a _______________________ about the way _____________. revolutionary hypothesis evidence life changes http://www.elsie.brandeis.edu/images/journals.gifhttp://www.24hourmuseum.org.uk/chg/content/images/2003_2233.JPG
DARWIN WONDERED? Why do Argentina and Australia have ________ ______ even though they have ________ grassland ____________? Why are there no ______ in Australia and no ________ in England? Why have so many species disappeared? How are these ______ species related to living species? http://www.rc.umd.edu/praxis/mitchell/images/dinosaur1.gif different animals similar ecosystems rabbits kangaroos extinct
Who Was Charles Darwin? While on his voyage around the world aboard the ____________, Charles Darwin spent about one month observing life on the ________________. There, he encountered some unique animals, such as ______ and ________. Galápagos Islands http://www.darwinadventure.com/pictures/galapagos_giantortoise.jpg http://mikebaird.com/ecuador/images/galapagos_off_ecuador_ng_map.jpg H.M.S. Beagle finchestortoises
Go to Section: Pinta Island Intermediate shell Pinta Isabela Island Dome-shaped shell Hood Island Saddle-backed shell Hood Floreana Santa Fe Santa Cruz James Marchena Fernandina Isabela Tower Giant Tortoises of the Galápagos Islands Section 15-1 On the desert-like Hood Island, tortoises had long necks… …while on the lush rainforest of Isabela Island, tortoises had short necks… and on Pinta Island, tortoise necks were somewhere in between
Ideas that shaped Darwin’s thinking: In 1785 ______________ proposes that the EARTH was _______ by _________________ occurring over __________ periods of time, and is _______________ old. very long James Hutton shaped geological forces millions of years http://www.creationism.org/books/TaylorInMindsMen/TaylorIMMc03.htm
Ideas that shaped Darwin’s thinking: In 1833 ___________ explains that the geological processes still ___________ have shaped Earth’s features over ________________ Charles Lyell occurring now http://www.biologydaily.com/biology/Sir_Charles_Lyell long periods of time
Ideas that shaped Darwin’s thinking: http://wrgis.wr.usgs.gov/docs/usgsnps/animate/A08.gif Theory of Pangaea …and continental drift
Ideas that shaped Darwin’s thinking: observed that babies were being born faster than people were dying. He reasoned that if the human population continued to grow, sooner or later there would be _______________________ Thomas Malthus (1798) insufficient space & food http://www.nndb.com/people/250/000024178/malthus.jpg
Ideas that shaped Darwin’s thinking: ___________________________ was one of first scientists to recognize living things _______________ and that all species were ________ from other species. Lamarck published his hypothesis of ________________________ the year Darwin was born. changed over time Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1809) descended Inheritance of Acquired traits http://www.educa.rcanaria.es/fundoro/00.corsi.htm
The male fiddler crab uses its front claw to _________mates and fight off _____________. Through _________ use, the front claw becomes ________. The fiddler passes on this __________ characteristic to its offspring attract predators larger repeated acquired
What’s wrong with Lamarck’s hypothesis? Lamarck didn’t know about genes and how traits are _______. If you lifted weights your whole young adult life, and then you had children, would your kids be more muscular? inherited NO! ________ traits can ____ be __________ to their offspring. http://www.geocities.com/arnold_schwarzenegger_pictures/ ACQUIRED NOT PASSED ON
What’s right with Lamarck’s hypothesis? Lamarck was first to develop a scientific hypothesis about _______ and recognize that organisms are ________________________ evolution adapted to their environments http://pegasus.cc.ucf.edu/~he599900/giraffeeating.jpg
a.The earth is really old, and slowly changes b.Living things pass changes on to their offspring, leading to species changes c.Sooner or later growing populations run out of resources d.Living things change slowly over time because of competition for resources, and pass those changes on to their offspring Hutton Lyell Malthus Lamarck Match the letter of the idea with the man or men who proposed it:
a.The earth is really old, and slowly changes b.Living things pass changes on to their offspring, leading to species changes c.Sooner or later growing populations run out of resources d.Living things change slowly over time because of competition for resources, and pass those changes on to their offspring Hutton Lyell Malthus Lamarck a. c. b. d.
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