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Almerindo E. Ojeda The Guantánamo Testimonials Project Center for the Study of Human Rights in the Americas University of California at Davis

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Presentation on theme: "Almerindo E. Ojeda The Guantánamo Testimonials Project Center for the Study of Human Rights in the Americas University of California at Davis"— Presentation transcript:

1 Almerindo E. Ojeda The Guantánamo Testimonials Project Center for the Study of Human Rights in the Americas University of California at Davis What’s Wrong with Gitmo?

2 The Nine Forms of Abuse Physical Sexual Medical Legal Psychological Age-Related Religious National Verbal

3 Physical Abuse Forced Cell Extractions (IRFing) done: With excessive force [1] Other beatings [5] - [6] Injurious shackling (excessively tight or heavy shackles) With excessive pepper-spraying [2] Stress positions (Positional Torture) [8] With retaliatory intent [3] - [4] Bending thumbs backwards, pressuring genitals [7]

4 Sexual Abuse Sexual Harrassment [1] Invasion of personal space Forced anal penetration during rectal exams [2] Inappropriate physical contact Sexual taunting Lack of privacy while showering and going to the toilet [3]

5 Medical Abuse Subordination of treatment to cooperation [2] Denial of medical treatment [1] Medical supervision of “enhanced interrogation” [4] Forced feeding of hunger strikers [3] Non-therapeutic hidration (orally, IVs, enemas) [6] Non-therapeutic drugging [7] - [8] Sharing medical records with interrogators [5]

6 Legal Abuse Kidnapping (arrests without warrants) Human trafficking (bounties for the capture) Incommunicado holding (No family ever; no lawyers early on) Disappearance (secret detention) early on No timely recourse to habeas corpus (the right to question your detention before a court of law)

7 Legal Abuse (2) Subjection to unfair proceedings: CSRTs and ARBs [1] Prosecution makes the rules (crime is codified after the arrest; no right to a lawyer, to self-representation, or to attorney-client privilege; evidence can’t be questioned; guilt is presumed; coerced testimony and hearsay evidence are allowed). Prosecution appoints the defense team from its own ranks (and may dismiss it). Prosecution appoints the tribunal from its own ranks (and may dismiss it). Prosecution may reject the ruling and order a remake (and has; sometimes twice). Subjection to further unfair proceedings: Trials by military commission and habeas hearings.

8 Psychological Abuse Debilitation (sleep deprivation, temperature manipulation, hypocaloric meals) Abusive isolation (to prolong shock of capture, for non- maximal infractions, or for more than thirty days) [1] - [2] Sensory assault (loud music, strobe lights) Disorientation (spatial, temporal, sensory) Induced desperation (learned helplessnes) Threats (of rendition, dogs) Feral treatment (holding cages) Humiliation (female underwear, dog tricks, mocking haircuts)

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10 Psychological Abuse Debilitation (sleep deprivation, temperature manipulation, hypocaloric meals) Abusive isolation (to prolong shock of capture, for non- maximal infractions, or for more than thirty days) Sensory assault (loud music, strobe lights) Disorientation (spatial, temporal, sensory) Induced desperation (learned helplessnes) Threats (of rendition, dogs) Feral treatment (holding cages) Humiliation (female underwear, dog tricks, mocking haircuts) Abusive isolation (to prolong shock of capture, for non- maximal infractions, or for more than thirty days)

11 Age-Related Abuse At least some of them were interrogated [2] At least twelve minors were held in GTMO [1] Mohamed Jawad was deprived of sleep [3] At least some of them were tortured Omar Khadr was tortured in multiple ways [4] Jawad and Khadr have been tried as war criminals (the first children ever to be).

12 Religious Abuse Mocking prayer Fake menstrual blood tactic [1] - [2] Playing the national anthem over the call to prayer [5] Koran desecration (handling, stepping, kicking, batting, dumping it into the toilet) [4] Pornography and sexual taunting [3] Demanding collaboration in exchange for permission to pray

13 National ⁄ Ethnic Abuse Wrapping prisoners with the Israeli flag during interrogation [1]

14 Verbal Abuse You are now property of the U.S. Marines [1] - [2] Others [3]

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