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1 Wood mobilisation in the context of the EU Forest Action Plan Roland Beck DG Agriculture and Rural Development European Commission.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Wood mobilisation in the context of the EU Forest Action Plan Roland Beck DG Agriculture and Rural Development European Commission."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Wood mobilisation in the context of the EU Forest Action Plan Roland Beck DG Agriculture and Rural Development European Commission

2 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November Problem of mobilisation of wood  Background: - concerns on competitiveness of the EU forest sector - new demand created by renewable energy policy  Forestry Strategy  Coordination role of DG AGRI (between different sectoral policies)  Facilitate the exchange of experiences  In support of SFM and the multi-functional role of forests  Forest Action Plan  framework for forest-related actions at Community and Member State level  serves as an instrument of coordination between Community actions and the forest policies of the Member States  Report of the EP 1996: …promote the use of small dimension wood for industry and energy…

3 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November Several types of activities: Commission actions Working groups under the SFC Exchanges of experience, sharing information Strengthening cooperation Recommendations for Member State actions EU FOREST ACTION PLAN

4 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November EU Forest Action Plan - Objective 1 Work programme for the FAP : Key Action 4: Promote the use of forest biomass for energy generation 4.1 Improve mobilisation and efficient use of wood and wood residues, including low-value timber – SFC working group Analyses implementation of key action 4 through rural development programmes in MS (Report 2009; follow-up) Key Action 5: Foster the cooperation between forest owners and enhance education and training in forestry 5.2Study on market supply of wood on obstacles to mobilisation due to fragmented ownership structures (Study finalised 2010) 5.3Experiences on co-operation methods of private forest owners organisations (SFC exchange of experiences, report CEPF)

5 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November FAP key action 4: Promote the use of forest biomass for energy generation Activity 4.1 of the work programme of the FAP – to improve the mobilisation and efficient use of wood and wood residues, inclu- ding low-value timber SFC ad hoc Working Group EU FOREST ACTION PLAN

6 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November Mobilisation and efficient use of forest biomass  Overview of forest biomass potential  Mapping good practices on wood mobilisation  Emphasis on: - role of forest owners - sustainability and supply - identifying successful instruments to foster sustainable mobilisation  Conclusions and recommendations  Report approved by the SFC December 2008;  08_en.pdf 08_en.pdf  formal opinion of the SFC on wood mobilisation December 2008 EU Forest Action Plan: SFC Working group on mobilisation and efficient use of wood and wood residues for energy generation

7 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November Availability of wood (for energy) in the EU Potential - several studies: - physical potential 212 – 315 million cbm - mobilisable potential 100 – 190 million cbm  Precise estimation not possible, but clear potential in  forest residues,  complementary fellings  precommercial thinnings  small scale private forests  Wood outside forests  Post – consumer wood

8 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November Working Group report – main results Availability of wood for energy in the EU  Strong increase in wood demand forecasted  Growing competition between energy and raw material uses  Synergies in mobilising wood for energy and raw materials  Already higher direct use for energy than assumed  Data shortcomings

9 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November Challenges for mobilisation of wood  Environmental sustainability - Biodiversity - Site fertility; soil erosion and compaction - Water protection; nutrien leakage - Forest health and restoration  Competitiveness of forest-based industries - Security of supply; fair competition - Co-operation between market partners  Efficiency and economic viability of wood mobilisation - Costs; harvesting technology - Transaction costs - Work force - Need for innovation  Forest owner motivation and organisation

10 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November Working Group report – main results Approaches to wood mobilisation: Experiences from Member States  General policy initiatives: Energy policies, strategic planning exercises  Support schemes for heat from biomass  Support for biomass supply: Rural development programmes  Capacity building, information: Role of public forest services  Establishment of forest owner groupings  Pilot projects and evaluation  Increase of wood biomass supply potential for energy  Wood mobilisation efforts from public forests  Ongoing effort; measures directed to high-risk areas

11 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November focus areas for action - Mostly related to wood mobilisation as general effort - Addressed to MS, regions, SFC, COM, stakeholders, industry  improve data on supply and use of wood  develop national / regional wood mobilisation strategies  increase the potential for wood supply  ensure sustainability of forest biomass  develop and maintain efficient wood supply chains and markets  strengthen forest owner motivation, organisation and awareness  enhance support, incentives and coordination efforts  promote research and technological development in forest production, harvesting technologies and wood utilisation Action – focus areas

12 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November – Northern EU - motivate forest owners - innovative technologies – Central & western EU - improve forest owner groupings & co-operation - motivation of forest owners - maintain markets – Southern EU - establish fuel markets - initiate forest owner groupings & co-operation – Eastern EU and EU-12 - promote use and markets for low value timber - raise awareness of private forest owners Different regional conditions and needs Working group report available on the europa forestry website:

13 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November  Opinion of the Standing Forestry Committee - February 2009 Stresses the need for -development of wood mobilisation strategies (nREAPs etc.) -efforts in mobilising wood from high risk areas, -establishing and enhancing forest owner groupings, -conducting national and regional awareness campaigns Follow up activities

14 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November  Grenoble workshop June 2009: Strategies for increased mobilisation of wood -Jointly organised by UNECE, Forest Europe, France, stakeholder groups -Building on efforts of UNECE, EU, stakeholder groups -Discussing successful mobilisation examples -Deciding to compile a good practice guidance  Good practice guidance on sustainable mobilisation of wood -main brochure (plus leaflet) available in EN and ES -to support the formulation of nREAPs -8 mobilisation areas for action, 24 measures and examples from 13 Countries Follow up activities

15 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November Studies  Different IEE projects (in ES 33 bio-energy, 2 include wood)  Real potentials for changes in growth and use of EU forests (EU-Wood) – (til 2020 no shortage if mobilisation efforts are made; reference to good practice guide on wood mobilisation)  Prospects for market supply of wood and other forest products from fragmented forest-ownership structures

16 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November Current efforts Study: Prospects for the market supply of wood and other forest products from areas with fragmented forest ownership structures –June 2009 to August 2010; lead contractor BOKU Vienna – 8 case study areas incl. Catalunia –Wood balance and overview of the private forest sector in the EU –Detailed overview of wood markets and assessment of private forest owners´ participation in a number of regions –Overview of factors influencing participation of private forest owners in the wood markets –Identification of measures facilitating mobilisation of wood from forests with fragmented ownership –Conclusions and recommendations for increasing market supply of wood from fragmented forest structures in the EU

17 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November Current efforts Study: Prospects for the market supply of wood and other forest products from areas with fragmented forest ownership structures –3 market categories („strong“, „developing“, „weak“) –Ownership types Traditional (economic oriented towards wood production) Non-traditional forest owners –Non-wood related (often non-economic) objectives –Uninterested owners (non objectives at all) –Most promising measures for “weak” markets Pooling activities Bureaucracy Counceling Networking Training Flagship projects

18 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November Rural Development « LEADER Axis » Axis 1 Competi - tiveness Axis 2 Environment + Land Management Axis 3 Economic Diver. + Quality of Life Single set of programming, financing, monitoring, auditing rules Single Rural Development Fund 18

19 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November Renewable energy in Rural Development : axis 1 (competitiveness) MeasurePossible actions Farm modernisation Support to:  Investments for on-farm production of renewable energy (biogas, oilseed crushing)  Plantation of multi-annual energy crops (e.g., herbaceous grasses, short rotation coppice)  Investments in manure storage facilities Added value of agricultural and forestry products  Support for biofuels processing  Small scale processing of wood (chips, pellets; only micro-enterprises) Improvement of the economic value of forests  Pre-commercial thinning, pruning, species composition  Infrastructure for forestry

20 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November Rural Development : axis 2 (agri-environmental measures) MeasurePossible actions Afforestation of agricultural land Afforestation for environmental purposes (protection of environment, natural hazards, climate change mitigation)  Does not exclude sustainable use/harvesting of forest materials  Plantation costs of afforestation with fast growing trees (< 15 years) can be supported

21 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November MeasurePossible actions Diversification into non-agricultural activities Renewable energy production and use on farms / for local energy supply Support for business creation (micro- enterprises) Building installations/infrastructure of renewable energies from agricultural/forest biomass for local energy provision (electricity, heating) Basic services for the economy and rural population Installations of renewable energies for local energy provision Rural Development : axis 3 (diversification)

22 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November Other activities nREAPs -Participation in analysis (ongoing) Rural development post main instrument to co- finance forestry measures - investments (infrastructure, first thinning etc.) - creation of new forests - owner groupings - SRC - entrepreneurs - prevention - agro-forestry

23 Plataforma Tecnologica Forestal Espanola Madrid, 24 November Thank you for your attention


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