Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Post-conflict Development and Natural Resources Marcia Mundt Honors Thesis Advisor: Dr. Yosef Lapid A Case Study of Indonesia.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Post-conflict Development and Natural Resources Marcia Mundt Honors Thesis Advisor: Dr. Yosef Lapid A Case Study of Indonesia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Post-conflict Development and Natural Resources Marcia Mundt Honors Thesis Advisor: Dr. Yosef Lapid A Case Study of Indonesia

2 Why Conflict? Social Impacts Casualties Drugs AIDS Terrorism Economic Impacts Decreased Development Increased Poverty Interdependency Political Impacts Instability

3 “Resource Curse” Discovery: “Violent secessionist movements are statistically more likely if the country has valuable natural resources.” -Paul Collier, World Bank Natural Resources GDP per capita Why the Correlation? 1) Resource Scarcity- “Tragedy of Commons” 2) Resource Dependency 3) Decreased GDP  Increased Poverty 4) Poor Governance 5) Local Grievances

4 Peacebuilding Security & Reconciliation Social Empowerment Economic Growth Political Stability

5 Terms & Definitions Natural Resource Conflict- disagreements and disputes over access to, control over, and use of natural resources Post-Conflict Development- the process of strengthening a country’s political, economic, and human rights foundation in a post-conflict situation to effectively prevent recurrent violence

6 A Case Study of Indonesia A classic case of resource-based conflict… East Timor Aceh Kalimantan Maluku Central Sulawesi Papua Riau

7 Historical Background Colonialism –Portuguese- 16 th Century –Dutch- 17 th Century WWII Japanese Occupation Independence –December 27, 1949 Authoritarianism –Sukarno ( ) Indonesian Communist Party “Guided Democracy” –Suharto ( ) Pro-Western “New Order”

8 Conflict Trigger 1997 East Asian Financial Crisis 1998 Suharto Resignation

9 East Timor East Timorese National Liberation Army Republic of Indonesia Initially 1975 Renewed 1999 Independence 2002 Natural Resources: Oil, Natural Gas, Gold, Manganese, and Marble

10 Aceh Aceh Freedom Movement (GAM) Indigenous Acehnese Republic of Indonesia Javanese Migrants/Investors Initially 1989 Renewed 1999 Special Autonomy 2002 Natural Resources: Oil, Natural Gas, Gold, Silver, Timber, Agriculture

11 Riau Independent RiauJavanese Migrants/Investors Riots 1998 Decentralization 2003 Natural Resources: Oil, Timber, Agriculture

12 Kalimantan Indigenous DayakMadurese Migrants/Investors Initially 1996 Renewed 1999 Decentralization 2003 Natural Resources: Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Timber

13 Papua Free Papua Movement (OPM) Republic of Indonesia “Non-Papuan” Migrants/Investors Initially 1965 Renewed 1998 Special Autonomy 2001 Natural Resources: Oil, Natural Gas, Timber, Gold, Silver, Copper

14 Maluku Indigenous Kaonese ChristiansMigrant Makianese Muslims/Investors Peace Pact 2002 Initially 1970s Renewed 1998 Natural Resources: Oil, Timber, Gold, Nickel, Manganese, Agriculture

15 Central Sulawesi Indigenous ChristiansMigrant Muslims/Investors Riots 2000 Malino Declaration 2001 Natural Resources: Oil, Natural Gas, Timber, Nickel, Agriculture

16 Conflict ZoneResource(s)Conflict-Resource Correlation East TimorGas Oil Minerals Resource Scarcity State Dependence on Resource Poverty Poor Governance Local Grievances AcehGas Oil Timber/Forestry Agricultural Products Resource Scarcity State Dependence on Resource Poor Governance Local Grievances RiauGas Oil Timber/Forestry Agricultural Products Resource Scarcity State Dependence on Resource Poor Governance Local Grievances KalimantanGas Oil Minerals Timber/Forestry Resource Scarcity State Dependence on Resource Poor Governance Local Grievances PapuaGas Oil Minerals Timber/Forestry Resource Scarcity State Dependence on Resource Poverty Poor Governance Local Grievances MalukuOil Minerals Timber/Forestry Agricultural Products Resource Scarcity State Dependence on Resource Poverty Poor Governance Local Grievances Central SulawesiOil Minerals Timber/Forestry Agricultural Products Resource Scarcity Poverty Poor Governance Local Grievances

17 A Logical Progression Resource Scarcity State Dependence on Periphery Province Resources Decreased GDP  Increased Poverty Poor Governance Local Grievances

18 Post-Conflict Development Current StrategySuggested Approach Political Social Economic Holistic Approach- places emphasis on long-term, strategic, participatory, flexible, and sequenced programs which address social, political, and economic development for durable peace

19

20 Thank You! Post-conflict Development and Natural Resources A Case Study of Indonesia April 18, 2008 Marcia Mundt Thesis Advisor: Dr. Yosef Lapid Contributors: Dr. Nike Carstarphen, Dr. Jasmine Mi-Kyeng Jeong Completed with the generous support of New Mexico State University’s Honors College.


Download ppt "Post-conflict Development and Natural Resources Marcia Mundt Honors Thesis Advisor: Dr. Yosef Lapid A Case Study of Indonesia."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google