Presentation on theme: "ਮਰਣੁ ਨ ਮੰਦਾ ਲੋਕਾ ਆਖੀਐ ਜੇ ਮਰਿ ਜਾਣੈ ਐਸਾ ਕੋਇ ॥ Death would not be called bad, O people, if one knew how to truly die. ~ BABA DEEP SINGH JI ~"— Presentation transcript:
ਮਰਣੁ ਨ ਮੰਦਾ ਲੋਕਾ ਆਖੀਐ ਜੇ ਮਰਿ ਜਾਣੈ ਐਸਾ ਕੋਇ ॥ Death would not be called bad, O people, if one knew how to truly die. ~ BABA DEEP SINGH JI ~
Childhood and 1 st meeting with Guru Gobind Singh Ji Shaheed Baba Deep Singh Ji was born on January 20, 1682, in Amritsar. At the age of twelve, Baba Deep Singh Ji went with his parents to Anandpur Sahib to meet Guru Gobind Singh Ji. They stayed at Anandpur Sahib for several days, doing sewa (service) with the Sangat. When his parents were ready to return to their village, Guru Gobind Singh Ji asked Baba Deep Singh Ji to stay with him. Baba Deep Singh Ji humbly accepted Guru Ji's command. Training & knowledge From Bhai Mani Singh Ji, Baba Deep Singh Ji began learning how to read and write Gurmukhi and was given correct pronunciation of Gurbani. They learnt several other languages aswell such as Persian and Arabic. Guru Gobind Singh Ji also taught him horseback riding, hunting and Shastar Vidhya (Sikh martial arts). At the age of eighteen on the Vaisakhi of 1700, they received the blessing of AMRIT, from the Panj Piaare. Baba Deep Singh Ji took an oath to serve in Akaal Purakh's Fauj (the Almighty’s army), and that following the way of the Khalsa one is to always help the weak and needy, and to fight for truth and justice. Baba Deep Singh Ji stayed in Guru Gobind Singh Ji's service for about eight years. At Guru Ji's request, he returned to his village to help his parents.
2 nd meeting with Guru Gobind Singh Ji Guru Gobind Singh Ji met Baba Deep Singh Ji at Sri Damdama Sahib, in 1705. Here, he learned that two of the Guru' sons, Baba Ajit Singh Ji and Baba Jujhar Singh Ji, had become Shaheed (martyred) in the battle of Chamkaur Sahib. Guru Ji also told them that their two younger sons, Baba Zorawar Singh Ji and Baba Fateh Singh Ji, were bricked alive and attained Shaheedi (martyrdom) at Sirhind under the orders of the governor Wazir Khan.
Baba Deep Singh Ji took up the duty of preparing copies of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji and carried on the sewa blessed by Guru Gobind Singh Ji in 1706 of managing Sri Damdama Sahib. ‘Taksal’ means a minting factory and Sri Damdama Sahib had become a factory where Sikhs would come to mint and prepare their shastars (weapons), as well as mint their minds and enshrine Gurbaani within their hearts through learning the correct pronunciation and grammar of reading Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. As a result this centre of education and weaponry is known as “Damdami Taksal”. Baba Deep Singh Ji spent many years at Sri Damdama Sahib preaching Sikh values and teachings and doing sewa of the Sangat. He was always ready to serve those in need and to fight for justice.
The Khalsa delivers justice to the Tyrants In 1709, Baba Ji joined Baba Banda Singh Ji Bahadar in punishing the tyrants of Sadhaura and Sirhind. News of sacrilege at Amritsar In April 1757, Ahmed Shah Abdali, after his fourth invasion, was returning to Kabul from Delhi with precious valuables and young men and women as captives. Baba Deep Singh and Jatha (squad) freed large number of prisoners and lightened the burden of valuables of Abdali considerably. While departing from Lahore, Abdali appointed his son Taimur Shah, the Governor of Lahore and told him, “Finish the Sikhs!!". In accordance with his orders, Taimur Shah started demolishing Gurdwaré and filling the sarovars (pool tanks) with debris and alcohol. When Baba Deep Singh Ji came to know of this beadbi (violation of sanctity) and demolition of Sri Harmandar Sahib, he narrated it to the Sangat of Sri Damdama Sahib, and said, “Bandi Chorr will be celebrated at Amritsar this year." 500 Singhs came forward to go with him. Baba Deep Singh Ji offered an Ardaas (pray) before starting for Amritsar, "May my head fall at Sri Harmandar Sahib."
Baba Deep Singh Ji leaves for Amritsar They were 75 years old at the time. They had gathered 500 Sikhs and advanced towards Siri Harmandar Sahib. By the time they reached the Taran Taaran, about ten miles from Amritsar, the number of Singhs had risen to about 5,000. At this point they felt it was appropriate to draw a line on the ground with his Khanda (double-edged sword) and ask his men to only cross it if they are willing to sacrifice their lives, as there was no turning back from this point. They recited the following Shabad: ਜਉ ਤਉ ਪ੍ਰੇਮ ਖੇਲਣ ਕਾ ਚਾਉ ॥ ਸਿਰੁ ਧਰਿ ਤਲੀ ਗਲੀ ਮੇਰੀ ਆਉ ॥ ਇਤੁ ਮਾਰਗਿ ਪੈਰੁ ਧਰੀਜੈ ॥ ਸਿਰੁ ਦੀਜੈ ਕਾਣਿ ਨ ਕੀਜੈ ॥ 20 ॥ “If you desire to play this game of love with Me then step onto My Path with your head in hand. When you place your feet on this Path, give Me your head, and do not pay any attention to public opinion. ||20||” (Ang 1412, SGGSJ) The Singhs were almost fighting each other to cross the line, such was their devotion.
Clash with the Mughals At the news of the approach of Singhs, the Governor of Lahore sent one of his generals with an army of 20,000 to face them. Both the armies clashed near Gohalwarh on the 11th November 1757. Fighting bravely, the Singhs pushed the army back and reached village Chabba where Attal Khan came forward and fierce battle ensued during which Attal Khan inflicted a blow on Baba Deep Singh Ji severing his head from his body. Baba Deep Singh lost his footing under the impact of the blow, when a Sikh reminded him, "Baba ji, you had resolved to reach the Parkarma of Sri Darbar Sahib." On hearing this, through the power of Amrit, Baba ji placed his head on the palm of one hand and with the other hand moved his 15kg Khanda (double-edged sword) with such ferocity and strength that enemy soldiers started running away in panic. Thus, Baba Deep Singh made his way to the Parkarma of Sri Harmandar Sahib where, due to the severe injury, attained martyrdom.
Baba Deep Singh Ji lays to rest at Harmandir Sahib The Singhs celebrated the Bandi Chorr of 1757 in Sri Harmandar Sahib as they won the battle. The place where Baba Deep Singh Ji’s head fell is marked by a stone and the Sikhs go past this place on their way to pay obeisance in Sri Darbar Sahib. It reminds us that the way to Sri Darbar Sahib is paved with the sacrifices of Sikhs like Shaheed Baba Deep Singh Ji. Summary Baba Deep Singh Ji's shaheedi incited the Sikhs to continue to fight against oppression for many years. Even today, their life serves as an example for all Sikhs on how to live and die with dignity, and never stand or tolerate the beadbi (violation of sanctity) of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji or the Guru Ghar (Gurdwara). This is a message, which we can all learn from and aspire to follow, and ensure that Gurdwaré and individuals upkeep the respect and dignity of Gurmat and Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. Dhan Guru, Dhan Guru Ke Piaare. Dhan Shaheed Baba Deep Singh Ji.