Presentation on theme: "FIRE-EMS TRAINING Contra Costa County EMS. Tim W. Hennessy MCI Plan Tim W. Hennessy Communications Supervisor Contra Costa County Sheriffs Communication."— Presentation transcript:
FIRE-EMS TRAINING Contra Costa County EMS
Tim W. Hennessy MCI Plan Tim W. Hennessy Communications Supervisor Contra Costa County Sheriffs Communication This MCI Plan is dedicated to Tim. His expertise and commitment in developing this plan was invaluable.
History 1979: First MCI Committee organized to develop plan following Yuba City bus crash in Martinez 1983: Board of Supervisors approved the first MCI Plan Several revisions to the basic plan since 1983
Current MCI Working Group Appointed in 2005 to conduct a ground- up rewrite of the MCI Plan Multidisciplinary –Fire –Emergency Ambulance Zone Provider (public and private) –Law Enforcement –Hospitals –Public Safety Communications –EMS Agency staff
Why Rewrite the Plan? Improve the usefulness of the document for first responders Compare the Plan to the County’s current risk profile Compare the Plan to the County’s current public safety and EMS resources
Why Rewrite the Plan? Attempt to resolve weaknesses in the Plan experienced during previous incidents: –Incident command and control –Communication flow –Resource ordering and tracking Ensure compliance with NIMS
MCI Plan Objectives Objective #1: Establish a common organization, management, and communications structure for the coordination of emergency response to a multi- casualty incident.
MCI Plan Objectives Objective #2: Establish methods of triage and transportation that will provide the best medical outcome possible for the greatest number of casualties.
MCI Plan Objectives Objective #3: Establish pre-defined responsibilities of all entities with key roles in achieving successful implementation of the plan.
MCI Plan Objectives Objective #4: The Plan will be drilled regularly, and reviewed annually and following significant activations of the Plan as directed by the EMS Director.
Key Concepts Use of Incident Command System –Expansion and contraction of structure is dynamic and incident- driven –Use of single point ordering for resource requests –Emphasis on exchanging information
Key Concepts Importance of Unified Command The “Rule of 2 and 4”
MCI Tiers Plan consolidates Expanded Medical Emergencies, Medical Advisory Alerts and MCIs into a single MCI Plan with 4 activation tiers Use of tiered MCI Plan reinforces the scalability of the Plan
MCI Tiers Use of Tiers modeled after Community Warning System Levels Consistent with best practices
Tier Zero Notification of incident with potential to escalate to a higher tier (Medical Advisory Alert) CWS Level II and III Incidents Report of Active Shooter incident Attempted emergency landing of passenger aircraft
Tier One 6-10 patients with scene contained, number of patients not expected to rise Multi-vehicle collision Multiple gunshot victims at contained scene and no ongoing active shooter
Tier Two 10 –50 patients or less than 10 patients with substantial chance of increase in number of patients Transportation resource ordering switches to EMSOACC Petrochemical incident Passenger train derailment Active shooter with uncontained scene
Tier Three More than 50 patients or reasonable expectations of large number of casualties Actual or suspected WMD incident Significant explosion in populated area Emergency evacuation of hospital or SNF
Plan Components Responsibilities matrix/checklists Communications flowchart Communications overview ICS position checklists ICS communications forms 205 and 217A
MCI Checklists Common Responsibilities –Back of each checklist Get Assignment Check In Get Briefed Get work materials Undertake mission safely Organize and brief subordinates Assure comms Use clear text Complete forms Demobilize as required/practical
Unit Leader Responsibilities Back of each checklist –Participate in planning as required –Get accurate SitStat/ReSTat of assigned units –Confirm arrival time of resources –Assign duties to subordinates as required –Develop accountability, safety and security –Supervise demobilization –Provide logistics with re-supply needs –Maintain unit log
Packaging of MCI Plan Standard Packaging Hand out bundles “You are the checklist until you delegate it” Morgue Manager-Law enforcement Certs/Quals determine who does what…not rank or position
Personnel Options Branch Director –Chief Officer(Fire)/Lieutenant/Captain (Law) EMS/Pt Transport Group Supervisors –Captain (Fire)/Sergeant (Law)/Supervisor(EMS) Triage/Treatment/Transport Unit Leaders –Captain(Fire)/Sergeant(Law)/Supervisor(EMS)
Transportation Group Supervisor/Unit Leader Only one per incident If a Single EMS Group Supervisor –Reports to the EMS group supervisor If multiple EMS Group Supervisors –Reports to the EMS Branch Director/Ops Single Staging area for ground transport units Single Helispot for air transport units
Transportation Highlights 2/4 Concept –Continue to disperse casualties as much as possible –Use farther hospitals first Especially if potential exists for “walk ins” –Hospital polling whenever possible but certainly after 2/4 has been maximized Coordinate with EMSOACC as much as possible
Transportation Highlights (cont) Emergency Ambulance Zone Providers still responsible for normal coverage too If limited ambulances, minors can be transported by other means Tier 2 & 3 suspend ambulance to hospital comms PCRs –Whenever possible PCRs shall be completed –Tier 3 Branch( or designee) can suspend standard PCR protocol and replace with triage tag info –Triage tags are minimum level of documentation
Predetermined Staging Areas East/Central/West Rallying point in case of loss of communications
Example of Tier 1 Scenario MVA with 7 patients in 3 vehicles –Single Medical Group –Transportation reports to Med Grp Sup –Triage patients and treat where they were found –Do not send all patients to same hospital –Can use close hospital due to lack of probability of self transporting patients to closest facility
Example of Tier 2 Scenario Shooting incidents with 21 patients –Single Medical Group –Transportation reports to Med Grp Sup –Triage patients where they are found –Litter bearers move patients to specific treatment areas –Patients re-triaged in treatment areas and assigned priority for transport –Avoid close proximity hospitals if possible due to potential private transport arrivals
Example of Tier 3 Scenario Large structural collapse with multiple victims trapped over a widespread area –Multiple Medical Groups (probably by Division) report to Medical Branch –Transportation reports to Medical Branch Still just one transportation staging area –Triage patients where they are found –Litter bearers move patients where they are found –Patient’s re-triaged in Treatment areas and assigned priority –Maximize 2/4 concept as needed
Triage Considerations START Triage system –BLS personnel perfect for this –Utilize teams whenever possible –Good mission for an Engine Company –Minimal Treatment Do not re-triage at scene Can re-triage in Treatment Areas
Triage Considerations (cont) Patients can be upgraded or downgraded –New tag if not written on –Fold old tag and give new one if started writing patient info on it ?Who providers litter bearers –PT TX Unit Leader DOA’s stay where found unless need for movement necessitates taking them to a morgue location Patients may not be moved to a Tx Area –MVA’s with limited number of victims