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WMD Crime Scene Management

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Presentation on theme: "WMD Crime Scene Management"— Presentation transcript:

1 WMD Crime Scene Management
Course Title WMD Crime Scene Management Defining a CBRNE Crime Scene

2 Objectives Identify the phases of response.
Recognize a Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, or Explosive (CBRNE) crime scene and the characteristics associated with its environment.

3 Weapons of Mass Destruction

4 Awareness Level Actions
Course Title Incident Phases Notification Phase Incident Recognized Response Phase Scene Control Begins Recovery Phase Last Living Victim Removed Restoration Phase Contamination Survey Completed Awareness Level Actions

5 9-1-1 Center L.A. County Fire Department
Course Title Notification Phase Begins with recognition that an incident has or is about to occur Ends with the initiation of incident management procedures 9-1-1 Center L.A. County Fire Department

6 Notification Phase Actions
Ensure responders operate from a safe distance. Ensure all “awareness-level” actions have been properly implemented. Gather critical information on incident and communicate. Ensure safe incident management activities have been implemented. Law enforcement could be involved in the identification and arrest of criminal suspects.

7 FEMA Urban Search and Rescue Team at World Trade Center
Course Title Response Phase Begins with incident management. Ends with removal of the last living victims from the hazard area. Challenges: Site security Victim rescue Agent identification Emergency decontamination of people Evidence preservation Multiple devices FEMA Urban Search and Rescue Team at World Trade Center

8 Response Phase Actions
Position equipment Isolate area Hot zone Warm zone Cold zone Protect self (PPE) Segregate casualties/victims Walking Nonambulatory Rescue HOT Warm Cold

9 Response Phase Actions (continued)
First aid First aid to decontaminated victims Triage, Treatment, Transport (T3) Assist HazMat team with technical decontamination Defensive control Multiple devices and perpetrators Evidence preservation Technical Decontamination www. ftmeade.army.mil

10 Recovery Phase Begins when the scene is stabilized, and the last living victim is transported to a medical facility. Ends with completion of the contamination survey. Challenges: Link up with state and federal authorities Evidence collection Re-establishment of essential services Decontamination of essential equipment

11 Restoration Phase Begins with completion of the contamination survey.
Ends with complete hazard remediation. Emphasis on elimination of contamination and site restoration.

12 Recovery/Restoration Phase Actions
Within PPE limitations: Support/operate the decontamination requirements. Support/operate the equipment decontamination site. Provide medical support. Post-incident medical assessment and follow-up. Continue scene control.

13 CBRNE Incident Response versus Day-to-Day Response
Situation may not be recognizable until multiple casualties. Possible multiple events. Responders at higher risk of becoming casualties. The location of the incident is treated as crime scene. Contamination of critical facilities and large geographic areas Scope of incident may expand.

14 CBRNE Incident Response versus Day-to-Day Response (continued)
Stronger reaction from public. (“Do Something!”). Time becomes a factor. Critical infrastructure becomes a target. Specialized state and local response capabilities can become overwhelmed.

15 Collecting Evidence at a Crime Scene
Defining a Crime Scene Crime is an act committed in violation of law. Laws punishing criminal conduct highlight the elements needed for conviction. The elements are the various parts a prosecutor needs for conviction. Collecting Evidence at a Crime Scene Courtesy of CDP

16 Common Elements of a Crime
Actus reus—guilty act Mens rea—mental state; what is your intention? Concurrence—agreement in opinion; the act and intent meeting as one Causation—process of causing; the act of causing something to happen

17 Defining a WMD Crime Scene
Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear Explosive Oklahoma City Bombing

18 Crime Scene Recognition
First officer on scene has responsibility of protecting any potential evidence. Investigation depends on the ability to properly identify, isolate, and secure the scene.

19 Evidence Preservation and Collection
Actions and observations are very importan.t Everything is potential evidence. Communicate observations of evidence to other responders and to incident command. Record observations and actions as soon as possible. Victims can provide critical evidence.

20 Initial Response to Scene
The first-arriving responder should: Note prearrival information (time, date, address, etc.) Be aware of any persons or vehicles leaving crime scene Note possible secondary crime scenes Make initial observations (look, listen, smell) Treat the crime as ongoing until told otherwise Document all observations

21 Crime Scene Considerations
Golden Rule: Leave it alone unless it is absolutely necessary for the performance of duties with law enforcement approval. Second Rule: Do the job using the fewest number of personnel.

22 Conclusion Identify the phases of response.
Recognize a Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, or Explosive (CBRNE) crime scene and the characteristics associated with its environment.


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