Presentation on theme: "Social Network Analysis of the Farm to Plate Network,"— Presentation transcript:
1 Social Network Analysis of the Farm to Plate Network, 2011-2012 Drake Turner and Christopher Koliba, Ph.D.University of VermontApril 2013
2 Research Objective How is the Farm to Plate Network structured? Does this structure create value for member organizations?Funded through the James M. Jeffords Policy Research Center
3 Network Analysis and Food Systems How is network analysis applied to the food system?Biology – study of food chains…and not much else?=+
4 Research Question and Hypotheses RQ – How is the Farm to Plate Network structured on a governance level? How is it structured on an operational level? How do these structures compare to one another?H1 – The Farm to Plate Network increases and strengthens the connectivity of member organizations in the farm and food sector in Vermont.H2 – Farm to Plate Network member organizations tend to favor the exchange of information over the exchange of human resources in service of joint programs and projects and the exchange of financial resources.H3 – Government organizations, nonprofits, and academic organizations participate in the governing and operation of the Farm to Plate Network more centrally than for-profit or funder organizations.
5 Methods Online Survey SPSS ORA/UCINET Sent to representatives from all organizations in total network (212 organizations)16 Questions about:Organization demographicsAssociation with Farm to Plate GoalsAssessment of impacts of network membershipCollaboration with other network membersInformation Sharing, Project/Program Collaboration, Resource Sharing85 organizations respondedSPSSDemographic information, goals, and assessment of impactsCrosstabs and frequency statisticsORA/UCINETGoverning network – meeting minutesOperational network – collaboration data from surveyNetwork maps and centrality measuresMention multiple responses from some organizations – averaged responses
7 ResultsH1 – The Farm to Plate Network increases and strengthens the connectivity of member organizations in the farm and food sector in Vermont.“Our organization has formed new relationships in the past year as a direct result of our involvement in the Farm to Plate Network.” (n=85)Membership in network has helped our organization to advance our own organization’s goalsWe have formed new relationships as a result of the Farm to Plate NetworkWe have strengthened existing relationships as a result of the Farm to Plate Network
8 “Our organization’s involvement in the Farm to Plate Network has helped strengthen our existing relationships.” (n=85)“The Farm to Plate Network is helping our organization to advance our organization’s own goals.” (n=85)
9 Social Network Analysis Terms NodeTieDensityCentralityDegreeBetweennessEigenvectorDensity – the proportion of direct ties in a network relative to the total number possibleDegree – measures the number of connections each node has – measures activity and visibility in a networkBetweenness – measures the importance of a node in terms of connecting other nodes – assesses brokerageEigenvector – measures how important/central a node’s connections are
10 Issues confronting the network: Key to success lies in the capacity of the network to be self-sufficientDifficulties in getting organizations to operate in a networked wayPublic-private partnership struggles (examined later)Source: Farm to Plate Annual Report, 2012
12 Governing Network – Number of Meetings Attended by Sector (n=142) F2P Governing NetworkGoverning Network – Number of Meetings Attended by Sector (n=142)Governing Network – Number of Meetings Attended by Organization (n=142)
24 Discussion: Limitations Calls for Future Research Missing dataResponse validityCalls for Future ResearchBaseline studyImplications for PracticeNetwork ManagersNetwork MembersOutsidersNetwork Managers – concrete feedback in relation to perceptions of value of network membershipNetwork Members – members are able to visualize their positionality in the network – can see gaps in their relationships and opportunities for improvementOutsiders – opportunity to understand the structure and scope of the network, and find leverage points and opportunities for entry
25 Next steps: Generate peer review articles Issue a final report to F2P Network summarizing these findingsLink survey results to AtlasContinue to analyze data, particularly around goal-specific network configurations.Possibly continue to provide information back to the F2P networkConduct network survey every two years to track the evolution of the network over timeAccess data from the Atlas to develop a data analytics profile of website users– connecting these results to network analysis– in collaboration with VSJF and others…
27 SourcesCampbell, M.C. (2004). Building a common table: the role for planning in community food systems. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 23:Clancy, K. (2004). Potential contributions of planning to community food systems. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 23 (4):Farm to Plate Annual Report, 2011.Farm to Plate Annual Report, 2012.Kania, J., and Kramer, M. (2011). Collective impact. Stanford Social Innovation Review, Winter 2011:Koliba, C., Campbell, E., and Davis. (2011). Food System Diagram.Koliba, C., Meek, J., and Zia, A. (2011). Governance Networks in Public Administration and Public Policy. Boca Raton: CRC Press.Prell, C. (2012). Social Network Analysis: history, theory, and methodology. London: Sage Publications.