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Design Process Overview. What is Design? Design is a process that is used to systematically solve problems.

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Presentation on theme: "Design Process Overview. What is Design? Design is a process that is used to systematically solve problems."— Presentation transcript:

1 Design Process Overview

2 What is Design? Design is a process that is used to systematically solve problems.

3 What is a Design Process? A design process is a systematic problem-solving strategy, with criteria and constraints, used to develop many possible solutions to solve or satisfy human needs or wants and to narrow down the possible solutions to one final choice. – ITEA Standards for Technological Literacy

4 1.Identify problems and opportunities 2.Frame a design brief 3.Investigate and research 4.Generate alternative solutions 5.Choose a solution 6.Developmental work 7.Model and prototype 8.Test and evaluate 9.Redesign and improve – Design and Problem Solving in Technology Example Design Process

5 1.Identify the need 2.Define the criteria 3.Explore/research/investigate 4.Generate alternate solutions 5.Choose a solution 6.Develop the solution 7.Model/prototype 8.Test and evaluate 9.Redesign and improve – Engineering Drawing and Design (3 rd edition) Example Design Process

6 The Adopted Design Process 1.Define a problem 2.Brainstorm 3.Research and generate ideas 4.Identify criteria and specify constraints 5.Explore possibilities 6.Select an approach 7.Develop a design proposal 8.Make a model or prototype 9.Test and evaluate the design using specifications 10.Refine the design 11.Create or make solution 12.Communicate processes and results – ITEA Standards for Technological Literacy

7 1. Define a Problem A litter box constantly needs to be cleaned out, but this is not an environmentally- friendly process.

8 2. Brainstorm Dissolvable liners Odor removing pellets Biodegradable liners Robotics Self-cleaning

9 3. Generate and Research Ideas Research solutions Generate and Compile the ideas

10 4. Identify Criteria and Specific Constraints Cost Limitations Time

11 5. Explore Possibilities Biodegradable liners would be safe for the environment and reduce waste in landfills. Waste and dissolvable liners could be placed in compost piles, if necessary.

12 6. Select an Approach Biodegradable liners could eliminate solid waste in landfills, could be placed in compost piles, and would be environmentally friendly.

13 7. Develop a Design Proposal Create working drawings Generate Design

14 8. Make a Model or Prototype Prototype Creation

15 9. Test and Evaluate the Design Using Specifications Prototype Testing

16 10. Refine the Design Modify design Rebuild prototype

17 11. Create Solution Determine custom or mass production. Consider packaging.

18 12. Communicate Processes and Results

19 Image Resources Microsoft, Inc. (2008). Clip Art. Retrieved March 15, 2008, from


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