Ear Tags Scrapie Tags – Sheep – Identification of origin Bangs Vaccinated Tags – Cattle – Verification of vaccination for brucellosis
NAIS National Animal Identification System Current events led to NAIS in 2004 – Cow originally from Canada with BSE (mad cow) found in Washington – Other countries ban US beef imports
Why a National ID System? Increase Consumer Confidence – food safety Ensure Market Access – international recognition – increase exports – avoid trade barriers Animal Health Bio Security
NAIS NAIS Purpose: Maintaining HEALTH of the livestock in the United States is the most urgent issue for the industry NAIS Goal: Identify animals and premises that had direct contact with a animal disease of concern (FAD) within 48 hours after detection.
NAIS Essential Components National Premises Identification System Individual Animal Identification System Essential information transfer
NAIS Premise Identification Premise: a location with an address, livestock and/or livestock handling facilities – applicable to all livestock species – 7-character alphanumeric number – National Premises Number Allocator – Managed by states
NAIS Which “Premises” need a Premise ID number? Farms and Ranches Livestock Shows Livestock Markets Feedlots Processing Facilities Veterinary Clinics Collection Points
NAIS The controversy – Many see NAIS as expensive, difficult, and unneeded – Some see NAIS as a violation of privacy
Branding Many types of branding Hot iron branding – Fire/iron – Electrical Freeze branding Paint branding
Branding Why branding? Permanent marking system to identify ownership Allowed cattle to be sorted out if they became mixed up (open range, etc)
Branding History 4,000 year old art shows Egyptians branding Brought to US by Spaniards in 1600’s Brand registration began in 1870’s
Branding Which type is better? – Freeze causes least damage and is permanent, but doesn’t work on white cattle – Hot iron is permanent but can damage hide, hurt animal – Paint is not permanent
Branding How do you read a brand? 1)Left-to-right 2)Top-to-bottom 3)Outside-in
NAIS Write two paragraphs that complete the following: – What are the benefits and drawbacks of NAIS? What is your opinion? – What are the advantages and disadvantages of branding? What is your opinion? – Turn this in when done to the inbox!