Presentation on theme: "Frontier College meets Community Justice Society."— Presentation transcript:
Frontier College meets Community Justice Society
If You Can Read This... : Linking Literacy, Crime, Health, and Injury Among Children and Youth 5 th Atlantic Summer Institute on Healthy and Safe Communities [August 28, 2008] Robert S. Wright, MSW, RSW Executive Director, Child and Youth Strategy Nova Scotia email@example.com
If you can read this (likely) You haven’t suffered a TBI
If you can read this (likely) You’re not in jail
Education is noted as a social determinant of health, but population links difficult to access Prison populations generally have lower educational attainment than gen. pop. (51% hsc vs. 76% hsc – Hendricks, Hendricks & Kauffman, 2001) Education attainment among offenders correlates to less functional literacy than in gen. pop.
CSC Study in 1992 reviewed the literature on ABE and recidivism (Porpino & Robinson, 1992) Of 7 studies reviewed 4 indicated a link between BEP and reduced recidivism (all 3 of the most rigorous studies showed a positive effect) Their own study showed strong link
Figure 2 - Readmission Rates of ABE Participants* * p <.001
Recidivism inversely related to education (reductions of 20% are suggested) Post-release employment positively related to education participation and achievement
Literacy/education attainment not related to severity of crimes at admission Education effect on recidivism highest among lowest educated inmates (adult and juvenile) (Isom, 2005)
Literacy/education crime link highest among persons whose criminal behaviour is related to “lack of opportunity” (those who suffer from conradblackitis unlikely to benefit from education) Link is likely complex intersection of family literacy, social, self-efficacy and other literacy correlates
Juvenile and young adult offenders likely to receive short sentences and little correctional education programming Juvenile offenders often have fragile attachment to PSP PSP demands distract from functional literacy imperative
Illiteracy is a complex social problem both in cause and effect A complex constellation of various developmental, personal, familial, neighbourhood, community, social and political factors must serendipitously come together to create the conditions that result in literacy skills
New models of collaboration among government and community stakeholders must be developed to ensure (not promote) a literate populace Focus on high risk and at-risk populations a great place to start – such as youth under some form of correctional intervention
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