Presentation on theme: "Distracted Driving P. Valentino March 25, 2013. Learning Fact: Distracted or inattentive driving is when a driver engages in any activity that might distract."— Presentation transcript:
Distracted Driving P. Valentino March 25, 2013
Learning Fact: Distracted or inattentive driving is when a driver engages in any activity that might distract them from the primary task of driving and increases their risk of crashing. While many motorists may perceive driving as a routine activity, attentive driving is critical as the traffic environment changes constantly and drivers must be prepared to react.
What is Distracted Driving Distracted driving is any non-driving activity that takes the driver’s attention from the primary task of operating the vehicle and increases the risk of crashing. There are three main types of distraction:
Three main types of Distractions Visual—taking your eyes off the road Manual—taking your hands off the wheel Cognitive—taking your mind off your driving
Activities that can distract a Driver Using a cell phone Eating, drinking, or grooming Talking to passengers Reading, including map reading Using a PDA or navigation system Watching a video Changing the radio station, CD, or Mp3 player Texting
Distraction Tips Using a cell phone while driving delays a driver’s reactions as much as having a blood alcohol concentration at the legal limit of.08 percent. Talking with another passenger can also be distracting, but a passenger may warn the driver if there is suddenly a dangerous situation on the road.
NHTSA The NHTSA estimates that more than half a million people are injured and nearly 6,000 die annually in crashes involving a distracted driver. Most dangerous of all is texting because it involves all three types of distraction—visual, manual, and cognitive.
Research Shows that drivers who send and receive text messages take their eyes off the road for an average of 4.6 seconds out of every 6 seconds while texting. At 55 miles per hour, this means that the driver is traveling the length of a football field, including the end zones, without looking at the road. Drivers who text are more than 20 times more likely to get into an accident than nondistracted drivers.
Distractions Are the Reasons Inattentive Driving Accounts for traffic crashes Phones. Phone conversations pull your focus off the road, whether hands-free or not. Texting all three Visual, Manual, Cognitive. Adjusting Controls. Set music, air and mirrors before driving. Eating or Drinking. Avoid eating and reaching for food or drink. Reading. GPS devices, as well as maps, newspapers and books are all serious distractions. Pull over to study a map, and know trip directions in advance. Drowsy Driving. Drive well-rested. If you feel tired, exit and find a place to rest an open window and loud music won’t help.
Florida House Bill (SB 52). March 07, 2013 statewide texting-while-driving ban that has eluded passage for several years is again moving through the Florida Legislature. The Senate Communications committee is considering Opponents have long likened it to needless government intrusion, but supporters say the measure will save lives. The bill outlaws texting by drivers but exempts police and other emergency vehicles. The proposed law makes texting subject to secondary enforcement. Police could cite drivers for it only if they had been pulled over for another violation such as speeding. A violation would lead to a fine and — if texting resulted in a crash — the driver would be assessed six points. Points lead to increased insurance rates.
School Bus Drivers Distractions Children Misbehaving 90 percent of school bus accidents occurred as a result of the driver being distracted by students misbehaving. Kids really need to be trained to stay in their seats, even if they do not have seat belts, and not to make too much noise. Drivers should tell children to cross the road in front of the bus, not behind, and make sure that all the children who exited at that stop are accounted for before driving off again.
School Bus Drivers Distractions Along with the extra distractions from students and so on, school bus drivers also have to contend with difficult weather conditions, just like any other driver, and also have to make lots of stops and starts along their journey.
Defective Equipment Defective equipment can be a cause of school bus crashes.
Driver Negligence Driver negligence can lead to mishaps on a school bus. Drivers must manage children's behavior and at the same time keep their mind, plus their eyes, on the road ahead and behind them.
School Bus Accidents School bus accidents can also occur due to the carelessness of those outside the school bus. Also, a pedestrian not paying attention can cause a bus driver to hit him.
Bus Distractions Overload school buses. Due to budget cuts.
What Can Be Done Promote Distraction-Free Driving Announce Your Commitment to Employee Safety Introduce your cell phone policy. Distribute the policy and give employees time to read and react to it. Create a 12-Month Safety Calendar – You should promote distraction-free driving all year, but build on momentum of safety events during logical times of the year, like April’s Distracted Driving Awareness Month.Distracted Driving Awareness Month Use Posters, Web Banners and Fact Sheets from NSC The National Safety Council provides many resources to help promote the prevention of distracted driving. Our Cell Phone Policy Kit provides ready-to-use materials.
Cooper Color Code Driving Awareness Condition WhiteCondition YellowCondition OrangeCondition Red OODA / Loop Unaware that a driving related threat exists this may cause an officer to become complacent. General awareness of possible threats and the officer is aware of a condition which will draw their attention to a driving stimulus. Recognition that a threat exists and the officer takes appropriate driving action. Specific threat identified and appropriate driving actions are taken. The officer is prepared to take evasive driving action. Orientate Officer should observe his / her surroundings to better access the proper driving condition. Attention is unfocused or preoccupied, and the officer is oblivious to potential danger in his or her environment. Attention is focused, and the officer scans the environment for potential driving hazards. Awareness of a specific driving hazards preplanning and more intense focus. Physical indicators of stress may become evident. The officer needs to avoid tunnel vision and utilize OODA Loop. By orientating, observing, decide and act. The threat is assessed and managed through intensified cognitive and physical reactions. Survival stress functions become optimum. The officer needs to avoid tunnel vision initiate combat breathing and continue the OODA Loop process. Observe Officer has situational awareness and should be in condition yellow and aware of his / her surroundings at all times. Example: A person drives to work and does not remember the drive (automatic pilot). The same thing happens when an officer is on routine patrol. Example: While on the job, an officer is in a state of relaxed awareness and notices what is going on around him or her and is aware of the potential driving hazards. Examples: A patrol officer while on patrol is conducting a security check and is in an area which is unfamiliar. There are also inherent driving conditions such weather, darkness and obstructions ect. Example: The patrol officer now has to take an evasive action to avoid an incident which will cause injury to persons or damage to the vehicle or property. Decide / Act Example: The Patrol officer makes a decision and based off of the decision acts. The loop comes into play because the officer is constantly orientates, observes, makes decisions and acts.