Presentation on theme: "Studies in Manila Studies in Europe"— Presentation transcript:
1Studies in Manila Studies in Europe RIZAL’S EDUCATIONStudies in ManilaStudies in Europe
2Early Education in Calamba and Biñan At the age of 3, Rizal learned the alphabet from his mother.At the age of 5, while learning to read and write, Rizal already showed inclinations to be an artist. He astounded his family and relatives by his pencil drawings and sketches and by his moldings of clay.At the age of 8, Rizal wrote a Tagalog poem, "Sa Aking Mga Kabata," the theme of which revolves on the love of one’s language.
3“Sa Aking Mga Kabata”Kapagka ang baya'y sadyang umiibig Sa kanyang salitang kaloob ng langit, Sanglang kalayaan nasa ring masapit Katulad ng ibong nasa himpapawid. Pagka't ang salita'y isang kahatulan Sa bayan, sa nayo't mga kaharian, At ang isang tao'y katulad, kabagay Ng alin mang likha noong kalayaan. Ang hindi magmahal sa kanyang salita Mahigit sa hayop at malansang isda, Kaya ang marapat pagyamaning kusa Na tulad sa inang tunay na nagpala.Ang wikang Tagalog tulad din sa Latin Sa Ingles, Kastila at salitang anghel, Sapagka't ang Poong maalam tumingin Ang siyang naggawad, nagbigay sa atin. Ang salita nati'y huwad din sa iba Na may alfabeto at sariling letra, Na kaya nawala'y dinatnan ng sigwa Ang lunday sa lawa noong dakong una.
4Early Education in Calamba and Biñan Rizal’s parents employed private tutors to give him lessons at home. The first was Maestro Celestino and the second, Maestro Lucas Padua.Later, an old man named Leon Monroy, a former classmate of Rizal’s father became his tutor. This teacher lived at the Rizal home and instructed Rizal in Spanish and Latin. Unfortunately, he did not live long. He died five months later.After Monroy’s death, Rizal’s parents decided to send their gifted son to a private school in Biñan.
5First Day in Biñan School Paciano enrolled Rizal to the school of Maestro Justiniano Aquino Cruz.Rizal met the bully, Pedro. Rizal, who was angry at this bully for making fun of him during his conversation with the teacher, challenged Pedro to a fight. Rizal having learned the art of wrestling from his athletic Tio Manuel, defeated the bigger boy.After class, a classmate named Andres Salandanan challenged him to an arm-wrestling match. Rizal having the weaker arm, lost and nearly cracked his head on the sidewalk.
6Best Student in SchoolIn academic studies, Rizal beat all Binan boys. He surpassed them all in Spanish, Latin, and other subjects.They were all jealous of his intellectual superiority that they wickedly squealed to the teacher whenever Rizal had a fight outside the school, and even told lies to discredit him before the teacher’s eyes. Consequently the teacher had to punish Rizal.He received many whippings and strokes from the ferule. Rare was the day when he was not stretched on the bench for a whipping or punished with five or six blows on the open palm.
7Education in Manila Ateneo Municipal de Manila Bachelor of Arts degree in at the age of 16Graduated as one of the nine students declared sobresalienteContinued his education to obtain a degree in land surveying and assessor
8Ateneo Municipal de Manila Rizal was a member of the academy of Spanish Literature and the Academy of Natural Sciences.Wrote his first poem Mi Primera Inspiracion (My First Inspiration) which was dedicated to his mother on her birthday.He also wrote Through Education Our Motherland Receives Light and The Intimate Alliance Between Religion and Good Education which showed the importance of religion in education.
9“Mi Primera Inspiracion” Why falls so rich a sprayof fragrance from the bowersof the balmy flowersupon this festive day?Why from woods and valesdo we hear sweet measures ringingthat seem to be the singingof a choir of nightingales?Why in the grass belowdo birds start at the wind's noises,unleashing their honeyed voicesas they hop from bough to bough?Why should the spring that glowsits crystalline murmur be tuningto the zephyr's mellow crooningas among the flowers it flows?Why seems to me more endearing,more fair than on other days,the dawn's enchanting faceamong red clouds appearing?The reason, dear mother, isthey feast your day of bloom:the rose with its perfume,the bird with its harmonies.And the spring that rings with laughterupon this joyful daywith its murmur seems to say:"Live happily ever after!“And from that spring in the grovenow turn to hear the first notethat from my lute I emoteto the impulse of my love!
10Education in Manila University of Santo Tomas Studied Philosophy and Letters during his first yearShifted to Medicine specializing in Ophthalmology when he found out that his mother was going blind
11University of Santo Tomas Rizal was unhappy at this Dominican Institution of higher learning because:(1) the Dominican professors were hostile to him(2) the Filipino students were racially discriminated against by the Spaniards(3) the method of instruction was obsolete and repressiveAfter finishing the fourth year of his medical course, Rizal decided to study in Spain . He could no longer endure the rampant bigotry, discrimination, and the hostility in the University of Santo Tomas.
12Education in Europe Traveled alone to Europe Madrid in May 1882 Continued his studies in Medicine at the Universidad Central de MadridDegree of Licentiate in Medicine in 1884Degree of Philosophy and Letters in 1885
13Spain as a realization It was a venue for realizing Rizal’s dreams. He finished his studies in Madrid and this to him was the realization of the bigger part of his ambition.His vision broadened to the point of awakening in him an understanding of human nature, sparking in him the realization that his people needed him.It must have been this sentiment that prompted him to pursue, during the re-organizational meeting of the Circulo- Hispano-Filipino, to be one of its activities, the publication of a book to which all the members would contribute papers on the various aspects and conditions of Philippines life.
14Spain as a realizationThe proposal for the book was unanimously approved.But afterwards, difficulties and objections were raised, and a number of gentlemen stood up and refused to discuss the matter any further in 1884.Rizal decided not to press the issue any longer.Although the book was never written, the next year, Pedro Paterno published his Ninay, a novel sub-titled Costumbres filipinas (Philippines Customs), thus partly fulfilling the original purpose of Rizal’s plan.
15Noli Me TangereThe idea of writing a novel grew on him, and later he decided to write and worked hard for Noli Me TangereHe never told anyone about it until it was finished, though some of his companions knew what he was doingHe wrote half of the novel in Madrid, a quarter of it in Paris and the rest in Germany
16Education in Europe University of Paris (France) University of Heidelberg (Germany)Earned a second doctorateInducted as a member of the Berlin Ethnological Society and the Berlin Anthropological Society under the patronage of the famous pathologist Rudolf Virchow
17University of Heidelberg 25-year-old Rizal completed in 1887 his eye specialization under the renowned Prof. Otto Becker in HeidelbergLeft Heidelberg a poem, “A las flores del Heidelberg”; both an evocation and a prayer for the welfare of his native land and the unification of common values between East and West
18A las flores del Heidelberg Go to my country, go foreign flowers, Planted by the traveler on his way, And there beneath that sky of blue That over my beloved towers, Speak for this traveler to say What faith in his homeland he breathes to you. Go and say.... Say that when the dawn First brew your calyx open there Beside the River Necker chill, You saw him standing by you, very still, Reflecting on the primrose flush you wear. Say that when the morning light Her toll of perfume from you wrung, While playfully she whispered, "How I love you!“ He too murmured here above you Tender love songs in his native tongue.That when the rising sun the heightOf Koenigsthul in early morn first spies,And with its tepid lightIs pouring life in valley, wood, andgrove,He greets the sun as it begins to rise,Which in his native land is blazingstraight above.And tell them of that day he staidAnd plucked you from the border of thepath,Amid the ruins of the feudal castle,By the River Neckar, and in the sylvanshade.Tell them what he told youAs tenderly he tookYour pliant leaves and pressed them ina book,Where now its well-worn pages closeenfold you.Carry, carry, flowers of Rhine,Love to every love of mine,Peace to my country and her fertile loam,Virtue to her women, courage to her men,Salute those darling ones again,Who formed the sacred circle of our home.And when you reach that shore,Each kiss I press upon you now,Deposit on the pinions of the wind,And those I love and honor and adoreWill feel my kisses carried to their brow.Ah, flowers, you may fare through,Conserving still, perhaps, your native hue;Yet, far from Fatherland, heroic loamTo which you owe your life,The perfume will be gone from you;For aroma is your soul; it cannot roamBeyond the skies which saw it born, nore'er forget.
19Rizal’s Life in Europe Jose Rizal lived in Europe for 10 years. He could converse in more than 10 different tongues.Excelled at martial arts, fencing, sculpture, painting, teaching, anthropology, and journalism, among other things.During his European sojourn, he also began to write novels. Rizal finished his first book, Noli Me Tangere, while living in Wilhemsfeld with the Reverend Karl Ullmer.