Presentation on theme: "HALLOWEEN The remembrance of the dead !. What is Halloween? Halloween is a yearly celebration dedicated to remembering the dead, including saints (hallows),"— Presentation transcript:
HALLOWEEN The remembrance of the dead !
What is Halloween? Halloween is a yearly celebration dedicated to remembering the dead, including saints (hallows), martyrs, and all the faithful departed believers. The traditional focus of All Hallows' Eve on October 31 st revolves around the theme of using "humor and ridicule to confront the power of death."
Typical activities of Halloween Trick or treating Children in costumes travel from house to house in order to ask for treats such as candy (or, in some cultures, money) with the phrase "Trick or treat!". The "trick" is a “threat” to perform mischief on the homeowners or their property if no treat is given to them. lighting bonfires A bonfire is a large but controlled outdoor fire, used as part of a celebration. The name "bonfire" is derived from the fact that bonfires were originally fires in which bones were burned.
carving pumpkins into jack-o’-lanterns A jack-o'-lantern is a carved pumpkin, associated with the holiday of Halloween, and was named after the phenomenon of strange light flickering over peat bogs. The story of the Jack-O'-lantern comes in many variants. An old Irish folk tale from the mid-19th Century tells of a lazy yet smart blacksmith who uses a cross to trap Satan. One story says that Jack tricked Satan into climbing an apple tree, and once he was up there Jack quickly placed crosses around the trunk or carved a cross into the bark, so that Satan couldn't get down. Another tale says that Jack put a key in Satan's pocket while he was suspended upside-down. Another version of the story says that Jack was getting chased by some villagers from whom he had stolen, when he met Satan, who claimed it was time for him to die. However, the thief stalled his death by tempting Satan with a chance to bedevil the church-going villagers chasing him. Jack told Satan to turn into a coin with which he would pay for the stolen goods (Satan could take on any shape he wanted); later, when the coin (Satan) disappeared, the Christian villagers would fight over who had stolen it.
The Devil agreed to this plan. He turned himself into a silver coin and jumped into Jack's wallet, only to find himself next to a cross Jack had also picked up in the village. Jack had closed the wallet tight, and the cross stripped the Devil of his powers; and so he was trapped. In both folktales, Jack only lets Satan go when he agrees never to take his soul. After a while Jack died. Of course, his life had been too sinful for Jack to go to heaven; however, Satan had promised not to take his soul, and so he was barred from hell as well. Jack now had nowhere to go. He asked how he would see where to go, as he had no light, and Satan mockingly tossed him an ember from the flames of Hades, that would never burn out. Jack carved out one of his pumpkins, put the ember inside it, and began endlessly wandering the Earth for a resting place. He became known as "Jack of the Lantern", or Jack-o'-lantern.
Apple bobbing Apple bobbing, also known as bobbing for apples, is a game often played on Halloween. The game is played by filling a tub or a large basin with water and putting apples in the water. Because apples are less dense than water, they will float at the surface. Players (usually children) then try to catch one with their teeth. Use of arms is not allowed, and often are tied behind the back to prevent cheating. Attending costume parties Decorating Playing pranks visiting haunted house attractions etc.