2 The Ancient Origins of Halloween Halloween dates back to the Ancient Celts.The Celts celebrated a festival on November 1stcalled Samhain, which celebrated the new year.Samhain celebrated the end of summer’s harvest andthe beginning of a long dark, cold winter.This time of year was usually associated withhuman death.Why do you think the winter wasassociated with death?Think about
3 Where were the Ancient Celts from? The Celts lived over 2,000 years ago in now what is knownas Ireland , the United Kingdom and northern France.IrelandThe UnitedKingdomNorthern France
4 On October 31, the Celts believed that ghosts could return to earth.They believed they could cause damage to theircrops and cause trouble.They also believed ,on this night Celtic priests could makepredications about one’s future.
5 Part of the celebration was to light huge bonfires The Celts burned crops and made animal sacrificesfor the new year.During the celebration they wore costumesso ghosts would not recognize themAfter, the celebration the Celts lit their hearths fromthe bonfire to bring them protection from the winter
6 Trick or treat How did it all begin? During the Ancient Festival of Samhainfood was left out for the unwelcome spirits.In later centuries people dressed up and wentdoor to door, telling jokes, a poem or maybedanced for a treat on Halloween.Dressing up was known as ‘guising”
7 On Halloween poor children and adults would beg for food and in return they would pray for thefamily’s dead. This became known as “souling” .Children who did this were often knownas soulers .Wealthier families would bake soul cakes and givethem to the poor. It was believed that one soulcake equaled one prayer for a deceased familymember.Soul Cakes
8 Why do we carve and light up pumpkins? The term Jack o’ lantern means man with a lantern.In Ireland, when children went from house to house onAll Hallows Eve they carried hollowed out turnips withcandles in them.They would carve scary faces on the turnips to ward off ghosts.
9 But why are they called Jack o’ lanterns? Legend tells us that once there was a stingy farmer who lived inIreland named Jack .Jack decided to play a money trick on the devil. The devil wasvery upset with Jack.When he died Jack was not allowed in heaven or hell. So hewandered around with a turnip lit up for all of eternity.
10 Why did people start to carve pumpkins? When Irish immigrants arrived in America they foundpumpkins were bigger and more plentiful than turnips.So, pumpkin carving began and the tradition continued!
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