Presentation on theme: "Race Relations in America Blacks and Whites Duration of Slavery: 246 years Jamestown Virginia 1619 Civil War End: Thirteenth Amendment 1865."— Presentation transcript:
Race Relations in America Blacks and Whites Duration of Slavery: 246 years Jamestown Virginia 1619 Civil War End: Thirteenth Amendment 1865
The Constitution of the United States of America & Black Slavery
The Preamble of The Constitution of the United States of America We the people of the united states, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution for the united states of America.
BRITISH COLONIES: SLAVERY & ANGLO SAXON RULE RULING WHITE ELITE AMERICAN STATES: SLAVERY & ANGLO SAXON RULE RULING WHITE ELITE From British Colonies into American United States
Distribution of political power between the White Male Elites. Article I Section 2. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which may be included within this union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those taxed, three-fifths of all other persons.
American Slave Trade Article I Section 9. The migration or importation of such persons as any of the states now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year 1808, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding 10 dollars for each person.
Criminalization of Black Freedom Seekers Article IV Section 2. No person held to service or labour in one state, under the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therin, be discharged from such service of labour, but shall be delivered upon claim of the party to whom such service or labour may be due.
(1787) Framers Belief: Political Rule by White male Property Owners
Race and Class Stratification Middle Class Whites 3. Poor Whites 4. Non-slave Blacks 1. Wealthy Whites 5. Black Slaves RACE LINE
Class, Occupation, and Education ClassOccupationEducation 1Large Owners Business owners, lawyers, politicians HS or college 2Small owners Farmers, skilled workers, teachers HS, apprentice 3Little property Unskilled laborersElementary schooling 4Few possessions Lowest paid laborersilliterate 5No possessions Slave laborersforbidden
Constitutional Change toward Inclusion of Black People Civil War Amendments Abolishment of slavery Citizenship rights and equal protection for Blacks Protection of voting rights for Black men
Constitutional Change toward Inclusion of Women and Youth Two Twentieth Century Amendments Voting rights for women Voting rights for youth (18 years old)
Duration of Government Enforced Segregation Official Segregation Period: 103 Years Abolition of Slavery 1865 Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968