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Lecture 2: Slavery & Its Expansion – Wednesday 9/12/12 What do the atlas maps tell you? – about slavery, about regional differences /similarities? The.

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Presentation on theme: "Lecture 2: Slavery & Its Expansion – Wednesday 9/12/12 What do the atlas maps tell you? – about slavery, about regional differences /similarities? The."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lecture 2: Slavery & Its Expansion – Wednesday 9/12/12 What do the atlas maps tell you? – about slavery, about regional differences /similarities? The Nature of American Slavery – From colonial period  antebellum conditions for its existence, the lives and work of slaves – what can Northup tell you? Americans’ Perspectives on Slavery Colonial Period & the Revolution Slavery at the Founding – 3/5s clause Is there a North-South divide over Slavery? Antebellum America -- Regional Tensions develop over Politics & Economics of Slavery Missouri Compromise –1820 Tallmadge Amendment Role of slavery? Something Else for Friday: Primary Source Who was David Walker? And how does he relate to slavery?

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8 Lecture 2: Slavery & Americans’ Attitudes About It – Wednesday 2/9/11 The Nature of American Slavery – From colonial period  antebellum conditions for its existence, the lives and work of slaves – what can Northup tell you? What do the atlas maps tell you? – about slavery, about regional differences /similarities? Americans’ Perspectives on Slavery Colonial Period & the Revolution Diverging trends among the early states Emancipation – on economic, religious, and ideological grounds Slavery at the Founding – 3/5s clause Abolition Movement – small and unpopular / Colonization Is there a North-South divide over Slavery? Antebellum America -- Regional Tensions develop over Politics & Economics of Slavery Missouri Compromise –1820 Tallmadge Amendment Role of slavery? Tariff of Abominations – 1828 Jackson – v – Calhoun Nullification Crisis 1828 – 1833 Role of slavery? For Friday: What can Northup’s account tell you about slavery? About slaveholders? About free blacks? About white Americans’ attitudes on race and slavery?

9 Slavery in 18 th century America In 1720: Slaves = 20% of population in Chesapeake Slaves = 10% of population in NY, NJ, PA Slaves = 2% of population in New England

10 StateState Mass.Mass. N.H.N.H. N.Y.N.Y. Conn.Conn. R.I.R.I. Pa.Pa. N.J.N.J. Vt.Vt. European settlementEuropean settlement First record of slaveryFirst record of slavery 1629?1629? ?1626? c.1760?c.1760? Official end of slaveryOfficial end of slavery Actual end of slaveryActual end of slavery c.1845?c.1845? c.1845?c.1845? ?1777? Percent black 1790Percent black %1.4% 0.6%0.6% 7.6%7.6% 2.3%2.3% 6.3%6.3% 2.4%2.4% 7.7%7.7% 0.3%0.3% Percent black 1860Percent black %0.78% 0.15%0.15% 1.26%1.26% 1.87%1.87% 2.26%2.26% 1.95%1.95% 3.76%3.76% 0.22%0.22% State Mass. N.H.N.Y.Conn.R.I.Pa.N.J.Vt. European settlement First record of slavery 1629? ?c.1760? Official end of slavery Actual end of slavery 1783c.1845? c.1845? ? Percent black %0.6%7.6%2.3%6.3%2.4%7.7%0.3% Percent black % 0.15%1.26%1.87%2.26%1.95%3.76%0.22%

11 Slavery in the Constitution? 3/5s Clause: Article I, Section 2 [2]: “Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of Free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons…” Slave Trade: Article I, Section 9: “The Migration of Importation of such persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person.” Fugitive Slave Law: Article 4, Section 2: No Person held to Service or Labour in one State, under the Laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in Consequence of any Law or Regulation therein, be discharged from such Service or Labour, But shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour may be due.

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