Presentation on theme: "SENECA FALLS By: Courtney Harris. THE START The idea for this movement was stemmed from the1840 World Anti- Slavery Convention held in London. Female."— Presentation transcript:
SENECA FALLS By: Courtney Harris
THE START The idea for this movement was stemmed from the1840 World Anti- Slavery Convention held in London. Female delegates were not permitted to share their input or thoughts in debates. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott were both delegates present at the convention. Both women were angered at unfair treatment between the sexes. They left the hall to discuss other matters, which led to them to the idea they needed a convention of their own.
LUCRETIA MOTT Former teacher who had grown up in Boston. She was making exactly half of the percentage that the male Bostonian teachers were making. This idea sparked her interest in women’s rights. In 1811, she married a fellow teacher James Mott. They moved to Philadelphia to become members of the traveling group of Society of Friends, also known as the Quakers. Spoke on issues such as temperance, peace, and abolition of slavery.
In1833, Lucretia Mott attended the first meeting of the American Anti-Slavery Society. Led her to founding a women’s auxiliary, called the Female Anti- Slavery Society. Mott was elected the president of this group. caused a rift between her and the Society of Friends who found her positon unholy. Unfazed by this conflict, Lucretia Mott went on to be the key organizer of the Anti-Slavery Convention of American Women in the year 1837
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON Elizabeth Cady Stanton was the daughter of a lawyer and United States Congressman. She had taken an interest to studying her father’s law books and developed a passion for the law and the morality behind it. She had taken a keen interest into becoming a progressive leader. movement.
In 1840, she was wedded to Henry Brewster Stanton. In their vows, the phrase, “promise to obey” was omitted at Cady’s request. She refused to obey a person to whom she was entering into an equal relationship with. In the plans for their European honeymoon, they included the opportunity to be present at the Anti-Slavery Convention in London. There in the spring of 1841, they encountered Lucretia Mott, a feminist, Quaker minister, and abolitionist whose influence helped solidify Elizabeth’s decision to be part of the women’s rights
BEFORE THE CONVENTION Before the Seneca Falls Convention, there had been problems with the issue of equality. Legal reformers in New York challenged the state to make laws prohibiting married women from owning property. Stanton began to circulate a petition in These petitions led to the passing of the New York married women’s property bill.
MARRIED WOMAN’S PROPERTY BILL This law entitled the women of New York to rights they were not given before. It gave married women to keep property they brought into marriage, in their own name. It also allowed them to keep all wages that they earned and keep custody of their children in cases of separation or divorce. This gave Elizabeth Cady Stanton more hope in her want for women’s rights and in 1848, Stanton and Mott went forward with their earlier made plans.
Stanton and Mott met and organized what was the long awaited women’s rights convention, alongside other female activists. The meeting was to be held at Seneca Falls, New York. An announcement was made in the Seneca County Courier, which stated that the convention would be to discuss social, civil, and religious rights of women. The first meeting would be exclusively for the invited women asked to attend and the second day would be open to the public to hear a speech given by Mott.
THE CONVENTION This historic meeting took place at the Wesleyan Church chapel located in Seneca Falls. Even though it was stated that the church on the first day was to be filled with invited women only, a massive crowd of both sexes tried to enter the then locked chapel. Once the doors had opened, the masses streamed in. From around 100 to 300 people were in attendance. This number included many men who also supported the notion women’s rights. The majority in attendance at the convention were Caucasian but, there were a small quantity of American Americans.
DAY ONE- DECLARATION OF SENTIMENTS Day one of the convention was reserved for female speakers only. Elizabeth Cady Stanton addressed the onlookers with a Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions. It stated, “All men and women” were created equal under the law. To endow them with inalienable rights including life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
Stanton and Mott both gave several speeches that helped outline the women’s cause. After much debate the Declaration and Resolutions was passed mostly just as it was written. The biggest issue in the resolutions was giving women the right to vote. Many men and some women alike saw this as too much of a radical decision. Lucretia Mott was not opposed to having this tossed out, but Stanton stayed determined and held strong ground with tremendous support from prominent African-American abolitionist, Frederick Douglas. After Douglas’s convincing argument of suffrage being the power to choose representatives and make laws, which is a right that all others were secured, the suffrage resolution was passed narrowly.
CONVENTION BACKLASH Following two days of rigorous debate, 100 women and men signed the Seneca Falls Declaration. Many, later, removed their names due to being put under subjective criticism. The convention was put under fire, causing many to break out into protest and hold onto an array of sarcasm. This backlash inspired Frederick Douglas to put into words that a discussion of animal rights would have caused less of a dispute than for the discussion and principles of women’s rights. A publisher of the New York Herald, James Gordon Bennett, ridiculed that the whole declaration to be nothing but a mockery. Stanton and many of the other Seneca Falls attendees took this publicity in stride and hailed Bennett’s move as a way to further their movement.
ON GOING PROGRESS For the next several decades these women led exertion for women’s rights. This included the right to vote, which would be an ongoing struggle for women. Stanton later on co-founded the National Woman Suffrage Association in In 1876, Lucretia Mott and the National Woman Suffrage Association issued a Declaration and Protest of the Women of the United States. This reintroduced the fight for women’s rights. They sought impeachment of all political leaders who allowed women to be taxed without allowing them to hold representation. It also went after the fact women were not allowed on juries which denied them the right to a fair trial with a jury of their peers. Mott, lived a life full of continued activism in supporting the abolition of slavery and woman’s rights, died in 1880.
In 1890, the National Woman Suffrage Association combined with another organization to form the National American Woman Suffrage Movement. Stanton was elected the president. In 1892, she was succeeded by Susan B. Anthony. Each new term of Congress, Stanton presented a federal woman’s suffrage amendment. Stanton died in 1902 but each year her amendment was presented until it was finally passed in the form of the Nineteenth Amendment added to the U.S. Constitution in When the amendment passed only one signer from the 1848 Convention, Charlotte Woodward, was alive to cast her ballot.
The Seneca Falls Convention made slow but relentless progress. The achievements made from this convention were astounding. Some colleges began allowing women’s admission and enrollment as students. More states enacted the married women’s property acts presented by Stanton. The convention helped progress society and make changes that would go on to help our future.
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