Where did it begin? It existed in ancient Greece, Rome, Egypt and China Slaves were used for hard work, household servantry, military respite and even ritual human sacrifices. British Colonization in America Brought 20 enslaved Africans into America by a Dutch ship Brought in for the new colonization known as the Virginia Colony in Jamestown Slavery in America America needed slavery to work on: Tobacco, sugar, rice, cotton plantations…etc About 500,000 enslaved Africans were transferred to America
Missouri Compromise 1850 James Tallamage proposed the prohibition of slaves for Missouri Slaves was prohibited North of latitude 36°30‘ Compromise: reflected the growing opposition between slave and free states North- against slavery South- for slavery due to the need of enslavement for their plantations
Slaves severely punished Runaways were sold to the South Harder for slaves because of distance from the North Other times, slaves were beaten and do extremely hard work Not usually killed because they were valuable property. People who help were fined or imprisoned Illustrated by William W. Brown, this is a picture of a slave who is hiding in a tree so that he won't be captured and down below is the owner, horse and bloodhound chasing after him.
Slavery was cruel Unhappy life and harsh treatment Nothing to eat No warm clothes A decent place to live Beatened and tortured Find family members Reconnect with family sold away from them Not likely that slaves find their families Gave up and return to their plantation owners Wanted freedom and live their own life Make their own money Live where they chose Live with their family
Slaves were punished for: Resisting slavery Using their own language Not working hard enough Stealing Murdering Whites Attempting to runaway How were they punished? Punishment is based on how big the crime was… They were often put into shackles or contraptions or chained to the grounds Owners used slave whip and chains, force to walk in treadmills and even hanged.. This is Thomas Johnson holding the slave whip and chains used to torture and punish slaves.
" t h e r e a r o s e i n s o m e a n i r r e p r e s s i b l e d e s i r e f o r f r e e d o m w h i c h n o d a n g e r o r p o w e r c o u l d r e s t r a i n, n o h a r d s h i p d e t e r r e d, a n d n o b l o o d h o u n d c o u l d a l a r m. T h i s d e s i r e h a u n t e d t h e m n i g h t a n d d a y ; t h e y t a l k e d a b o u t i t t o e a c h o t h e r i n c o n f i d e n c e ; t h e y k n e w t h a t t h e s y s t e m w h i c h b o u n d t h e m w a s a s u n j u s t a s i t w a s c r u e l, a n d t h a t t h e y o u g h t t o s t r i v e, a s a d u t y t o t h e m s e l v e s a n d t h e i r c h i l d r e n, t o e s c a p e f r o m i t ". From Walter Hawkins point of view, he is stating that slaves wanted to runaway and how confident they were therefore they could not stop talking about it.
Henry “Box” Brown mailed himself to freedom, traveling to Philadelphia in a wooden crate disguised as cargo. He was in the box for 26 hours Other runaways started to follow this idea. William and Ellen Craft, from Macon, Georgia, disguised themselves as slave and a master Ellen Craft was able to pass for white. She dressed as an elderly man with an ailment which covered her feminine features William Craft played a servant They successfully escape to Boston
Harriet Tubman made 19 trips to the South to help 300+ slaves escape to the North. 80-90% of runaways were male and usually in their mid-twenties. Thomas Garrett, a famous white man who conducted the Underground Railroad, help 2,700 slaves escape. William Still, who is referred as the “Father of the Underground Railroad” recorded detailed information about 649 escaped slaves in his journal which is now a book called “The Underground Rail Road: A Record of Facts, Authentic Narratives, Letters, &c”
Who was she? Harriet Tubman was born a slave in Maryland in the year of 1822 Was the 11 th child of Harriet Green and Benjamin Ross She was denied to receive education because slave owners did not want their slaves to be literate. She risked her own life to fight for freedom and justice. She led about 19 escape missions to save slaves. She was known as “Moses” She took the runaways through the Underground Railroad which was a network that took runaways from South to the free states up North. There was about 50,000 slaves that escaped through the Underground Railroad.
These are pictures taken from a farm house in Chester County by the owner who believes that it may have been markings that relates to the Underground Railroad activities.