Presentation on theme: "The Underground Railroad. The Underground Railroad wasn’t actually underground or a railroad. It was a hidden escape route to Canada for black slaves."— Presentation transcript:
The Underground Railroad
The Underground Railroad wasn’t actually underground or a railroad. It was a hidden escape route to Canada for black slaves in United States.
Remember this? Slaves often resisted their owners by: – Performing tasks slowly – Keeping their real names – Keeping their culture – Running away Hundreds of slaves managed to escape North to freedom every year. It infuriated their masters.
Free States Territories not yet part of the USA Slave States
The territories caused a dispute… would they join the union as Slave states or Free states?
Adds like these ones didn’t help slave owners much if their slaves had already reached the free states.
The Fugitive Slave Act The Fugitive Slave Act declared that all runaway slaves be brought back to their masters. Those who were caught helping them would be prosecuted. Abolitionists nicknamed it the "Bloodhound Law" for the dogs that were used to track down runaway slaves.
What is an abolitionist? An abolitionist is a person who demanded immediate emancipation of slaves. Emancipation = Freedom
Poster warning black people in Boston about policemen acting as slave catchers
Lived from After escaping from slavery, he became a leader of the abolitionist movement Wrote several autobiographies describing his life as a slave and his struggles to be free
BrainPop: Frederick Douglass
Underground Railroad Code People involved in the Underground Railroad used code in order to keep their actions secret and their members safe.
Underground Railroad Code Freedom Train - code name for the Underground Railroad Heaven or Promised Land - Canada Agent – the coordinator or the one who plotted the course of escape and made contacts
Underground Railroad Code Preachers - leaders/speakers of the Underground Railroad Stockholder - donor of money, clothing, or food to the Underground Railroad
Underground Railroad Code Shepherds or Conductors - people who escorted the slaves Station - a safe house Station Master - the keeper of a safe house
Underground Railroad Code "The wind blows from the south today" - A warning that slave bounty hunters are nearby “A friend of a friend" - A password used to signal the arrival of fugitives with an Underground Railroad conductor A package, parcel, bundle, etc – fugitives to be expected
Underground Railroad Code Drinking Gourd - Big Dipper and the North Star. Since slaves traveled at night, they could use the constellation as a marker to avoid getting lost.
Underground Railroad Code
Henry “Box” Brown
Lived from 1815 to 1879 A Virginia slave who escaped to freedom by arranging to have himself mailed to Philadelphia abolitionists in a wooden crate
Lived from Born a slave in Maryland Escaped to freedom and later led more than 300 other slaves to Canada to their freedom The best-known conductor on the Underground Railroad She spoke against slavery and for women's rights.
Harriet Tubman as "Conductor" with escaped slaves at an Underground Rail Road station