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The South and the Slavery Controversy & Manifest Destiny and Its Legacy Chapters 16 & 17.

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Presentation on theme: "The South and the Slavery Controversy & Manifest Destiny and Its Legacy Chapters 16 & 17."— Presentation transcript:

1 The South and the Slavery Controversy & Manifest Destiny and Its Legacy Chapters 16 & 17

2 “Cotton Is King!” ½ of all U.S. Exports after /5 of England’s population earns a living producing cotton cloth

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4 The Planter Aristocracy 1850 – 1,733… 255,000… ¼ of White Southerners… Southern Society… Women in the South...

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7 The White Majority Small Slave Owners… Whites w/o slaves… Flatland Whites & Mountain Whites… Subsistence Farming “American Dream” Free Blacks…

8 The Slave System Land “Butchery”…. Monopolies… Over speculation… One-Crop Economy…

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10 Plantation Slavery By 1860… Most new slaves… Beatings… Varying Conditions… Family Life… African Traditions…

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13 Slave Revolts 1739 – Stono Rebellion (Cato’s Conspiracy) Denmark Vesey… Nat Turner…

14 American Colonization Society (1817) Liberia… Abraham Lincoln…

15 Abolitionist Movement Theodore Dwight Weld American Slavery as It Is William Lloyd Garrison The Liberator David Walker Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World

16 Sojourner Truth Freed Black Woman… Illiterate but charismatic…

17 Frederick Douglas Former Slave… Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglas

18 The South Lashes Back Fear of revolt… Southern Black Slaves vs. Northern “Wage Slaves”… 1835 – Southern Postmasters… 1836 – “Gag” Resolution…

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20 Abolitionist Impact in the North Lack of Support… Constitutional Reverence Economics Violence… Rev. Elijah Lovejoy… Few wanted slavery abolished outright but… “Free Soilers”

21 Election of 1840 Log Cabins & Hard Cider… “Tippecanoe & Tyler Too”… Harrison’s Death.. Tyler – A President without a Party…

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23 The Lone Star of Texas Shines Alone Mexico… Britain & France… Tyler – annexes Texas through a joint resolution..

24 1845 – Texas 28 th State ( President Anson Jones of the Republic of Texas lowers the Texas Flag)

25 Oregon Fever Willamette River Valley – rich soil… Oregon Trail… Disputed border with Britain – major campaign issue “fifty-four forty or fight!!”

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29 John L. O’Sullivan – “Manifest Destiny”

30 Election of 1844 Whigs – Henry Clay Democrats – James K. Polk

31 Election of 1844 James K. Polk

32 War With Mexico Polk orders Gen. Zachary Taylor… Santa Anna… Kearney & Fremont.. Zachary Taylor…

33 Bear Flag Revolt -

34 Winfield Scott Captures Mexico City

35 Abraham Lincoln’s “Spot” Resolutions… Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo U.S. paid Mexico $15 million for land + assumed $3.25 million…(Why?) Mexican Cessation – largest acquisition of land in U.S. History (Land area increases by 1/3)

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37 Wilmot Proviso David Wilmot (PA) – introduces bill that would prevent slavery in the Mexican Cessation…


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