Presentation on theme: "Slavery: from the beginning zExisted in most societies zprisoners of war zcriminals zdebtors zNot hereditary zNot for a lifetime zoften married & became."— Presentation transcript:
Slavery: from the beginning zExisted in most societies zprisoners of war zcriminals zdebtors zNot hereditary zNot for a lifetime zoften married & became part o/t community zTODAY, TOO
The Slave Trade zAtlantic Slave Trade zAfrican Slave Trade zTriangular Trade z“commerce” (trade) in human beings. yCHATTEL zWhy did Africans help Europeans capture slaves? y1. y2. y3.
Prince Henry of Portugal z Why did Prince Henry have the West coast of Africa explored in the late 1400s? z 1. z 2.
“Commerce in Human Beings” zWhat led to the demand of slaves in the New World?
The HEIGHT of the Slave Trade z 1700s: @60,000 Africans were enslaved a year z huge PROFITS $$$$ z RACISM took root z slaves traded for guns z Slave Castles Slave Castles z the “Middle Passage”
Ending the Slave Trade z1700s: the Abolitionist Movement zThe Quaker’s were leading Abolitionists zOlaudah Equiano and Frederick Douglass were both freed slaves who were instrumental in exposing the evils of the slave tradeOlaudah Equiano z1807: British outlaw the Slave Trade z1834: Slavery Abolition Act (British) z1865: American Civil War ended slavery in the USA
Effects of the Slave Trade zAfrican Diaspora: 10-15 million Africans were enslaved. z20-30 million Africans were killed. Why? zWhole villages were wiped out: ymass starvation ymurdered or enslaved ygenocide zExchanging slaves for guns allowed for the rise of some powerful African states
Back to Africa Movement z1787: SIERRA LEONE was founded by former slaves from England z1847: LIBERIA was founded by former slave from the USA zModern Day SlaveryModern Day Slavery
Names of Slave Ships z Amistad: “friendship” z Angel z Grace of God z Freedom z Liberty SCHOONER
Using the graphs on pg. 96, answer the following: zWhat percentage of slaves were brought to the USA? zWhere were the majority of slaves taken to? zWhy were so many slaves brought to the Caribbean? zBtwn what years was the Slave Trade at its height? zWhy such a drop after this period?